Ali in Muslim culture

Ali in Muslim culture

Except for Muhammad, there is no one in Islamic history about whom as much has been written in Islamic languages as Ali.cite encyclopedia | title = Ali | encyclopedia = Encyclopedia Britannica Online | accessdate = 2007-10-12] Ali is revered and honored by all Muslims, except the Ibadi of Oman. Having been one of the first Muslims and foremost Ulema (Islamic scholars), he was extremely knowledgeable in matters of religious belief and Islamic jurisprudence, as well as in the history of the Muslim community. He was known for his bravery and courage. Muslims honor Muhammad, Ali, and other pious Muslims and add pious interjections after their names.

Ali's birthday is celebrated on 13th of Rajab by Shia Muslims to remember their first Imam who was born in the House of Allah/Kaaba. His death is remembered and mourned from the 19 to 21st of Ramadan which is the anniversary of his assassination and martyrdom. The "ziyarat" of the Tomb of Imam Ali in the Imam Ali Mosque is a usual religious tradition among Shias and Sufis.Fact|date=March 2008

At the Ali Masjid in Pakistan is a huge boulder which carries the marks of a hand believed to be that of Hadrat (Hazrat) Ali. In India the Moula-Ali Darga or mortuary was built in the memory of Hazrat Ali about 15 Kilometers from Secunderabad. There is an annual event Moula-ali Urs that takes place during the month of Moharram and people gather there.Fact|date=March 2008

Ali has high position in the mind of Muslims and they made a lot of pictures, poems and myths about him. For example "Ali Guyam, Ali Juyam" (I call Ali, I seek Ali) is a famous rhyme in Iran.Fact|date=March 2008 He is the main protagonist in the epic poem Utendi wa Tambuka, dated 1728 - one of the earliest known documents in the Swahili language, which is considered a classic of that culture.Fact|date=March 2008


Sufis have glorified Ali in their works. [See:
* Attar in The Conference of the Birds [ فی فضیلةامیرالممنین علی رضی الله عنه]
* Sanai [ در نعت علی (ع)]
] . For example Rumi says in "Masnavi":

The man spat in Ali's pure face, the prideof every saint and prophet far and wideThe moon itself prostrates before this face... ["او خدو انداخت در روی علی افتخار هر نبی و هر ولیآن خدو زد بر رخی که روی ماه سجده آرد پیش او در سجده‌گاه"ُSee:Rumi, 2004, p.227]

Sufis recite "Manqabat" Ali in the praise of Ali (Maula Ali), after "Hamd" and "Naat" in their "Qawwali".


External links

* [ Ali ibn Abi Talib] by I. K. Poonawala and E. Kohlberg in Encyclopedia Iranica
* [ Ali] , article on "Enyclopaedia Britannica Online"

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