John G. Roberts

John G. Roberts

Infobox Chief Justice
name = John Glover Roberts, Jr.

imagesize =
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office = 17th Chief Justice of the United States
termstart = September 29 2005
termend =
nominator = George W. Bush
appointer =
predecessor = William Rehnquist
office2 =
termstart2 =
termend2 =
nominator2 =
appointer2 =
predecessor2 =
successor2 =
birthdate = birth date and age|1955|01|27
birthplace = Buffalo, New York
deathdate =
deathplace =
religion = Roman Catholic
spouse = Jane Sullivan Roberts
alma_mater = Harvard University
political party = Republican

John Glover Roberts, Jr. (born January 27 1955) is the seventeenth and current Chief Justice of the United States. Appointed by Republican President George W. Bush, Roberts is generally considered a member of the more conservative wing of the court.

Before joining the Supreme Court on September 29, 2005, Roberts was a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit for two years.

Previously, he spent 14 years in private law practice and held positions in Republican administrations in the U.S. Department of Justice and Office of the White House Counsel.

Early years

Roberts was born in Buffalo, New York, on January 27 1955, the son of John Glover ("Jack") Roberts, Sr. and Rosemary, née Podrasky. All of his maternal great-grandparents were from Czechoslovakia. [ [ Ancestry of John G. Roberts ] ] His father was an executive with Bethlehem Steel. When Roberts was in second grade, his family moved to the beachside town of Long Beach, Indiana. He grew up with three sisters: Kathy, Peggy, and Barbara.

Roberts attended Notre Dame Elementary School, a Catholic grade school in Long Beach, and then La Lumiere School, a Catholic boarding school in LaPorte, Indiana and was an excellent student and athlete. [ [ School website] ] He studied six years of Latin and some French, and was known for his devotion to his studies.

He was also captain of his football team (he later described himself as a "slow-footed linebacker"), and also was a Regional Champion in wrestling. He also participated in choir and drama, co-edited the school newspaper, and served on the athletic council and the Executive Committee of the Student Council.

Roberts attended Harvard College, graduating with an A.B. in history summa cum laude in three years. He then attended Harvard Law School, was the managing editor of the "Harvard Law Review", and graduated with his J.D. magna cum laude.

Personal finances

According to a 16-page financial disclosure form Roberts submitted to the Senate Judiciary Committee prior to his Supreme Court confirmation hearings, his net worth was more than $6 million, including $1.6 million in stock holdings. At the time Roberts left private practice to join the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2003, he took a pay cut from $1 million a year to $171,800; as Chief Justice his salary is $217,400. Roberts also holds a one-eighth interest in a cottage in Knocklong, an Irish village in County Limerick, where his wife's family roots lie.

Health problems

Chief Justice Roberts suffered a seizure on July 30 2007, while at his vacation home on Hupper Island off the village of Port Clyde in St. George, Maine.cite news | title= Chief justice tumbles after seizure | publisher=CNN | url= | date=30 July 2007 | accessdate-2007-07-30] cite news | url= | title=Chief Justice Roberts Suffers Seizure | publisher=Washington Post | date=July 30 2007 | accessdate-2007-7-30] As a result of the seizure he fell five to ten feet but suffered only minor scrapes. The fall occurred on a dock near his house, and he was taken by private boat to the mainland (which is a couple hundred yards from the island) and was then taken by ambulance to Penobscot Bay Medical Center in Rockport, where he stayed overnight, according to Supreme Court spokesperson Kathy Arberg.cite news | url= | title=Chief Justice John Roberts hospitalized in Maine | publisher=Maine Today | date=July 30 2007 | accessdate-2007-7-30] Doctors called the incident a benign idiopathic seizure, which means there was no obvious physiological cause.

Roberts suffered a similar seizure in 1993. As a result of that first seizure, Roberts temporarily limited some of his activities, such as driving. According to Senator Arlen Specter, who chaired the Senate Judiciary Committee during Roberts' nomination to be Chief Justice in 2005, senators were aware of this earlier seizure when they were considering his nomination, but the committee did not think it was significant enough to bring up during his confirmation hearings. Federal judges are not required by law to release information about their health.

According to neurologist Dr. Marc Schlosberg of Washington Hospital Center, who has no direct connection to the Roberts case, someone who has had more than one seizure without any other cause is by definition determined to have epilepsy. After two seizures, the likelihood of another at some point is greater than 60 percent. Dr. Steven Garner of New York Methodist Hospital, who is also uninvolved with the case, said that Roberts' previous history of seizures means that the second incident may be less serious than if this were a newly-emerging problem.cite news | url=,2933,291465,00.html | title=Chief Justice John Roberts Suffers Seizure, Remains in Hospital | publisher=Fox News | date=July 30 2007 | accessdate-2007-7-30]

The Supreme Court said in a statement Roberts has "fully recovered from the incident," and a neurological evaluation "revealed no cause for concern." Sanjay Gupta, a CNN contributor and a neurosurgeon not directly involved in Roberts' case, said when an otherwise healthy person has a seizure, his doctor would investigate whether the patient had started any new medications and had normal electrolyte levels. If those two things were normal, then a brain scan would be performed. If Roberts does not have another seizure within a relatively short time period, Gupta said he was unsure if Roberts would be given the diagnosis of epilepsy. He said the Chief Justice may need to take an anti-seizure medication.cite news | title= Chief justice tells Bush he's 'doing fine' after seizure | publisher=CNN | url= | date=31 July 2007 | accessdate=2007-07-31]

Private practice

After graduating from law school, Roberts served as a law clerk for Judge Henry Friendly on the Second Circuit Court of Appeals for one year. From 1980 to 1981, he clerked for then-Associate Justice William Rehnquist on the United States Supreme Court. From 1981 to 1982, he served in the Reagan administration as a Special Assistant to U.S. Attorney General William French Smith. From 1982 to 1986, Roberts served as Associate Counsel to the President under White House Counsel Fred Fielding.

Roberts entered private law practice in 1986 as an associate at the Washington, D.C.-based law firm of Hogan & Hartson, but left to serve in the first Bush administration as Principal Deputy Solicitor General from 1989 to 1993. During this time, Roberts argued 39 cases for the government before the Supreme Court, prevailing in 25 of them. He represented 18 states in "United States v. Microsoft".

In 1992, George H. W. Bush nominated Roberts to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, but no Senate vote was held, and Roberts' nomination expired when Bush left office after losing the 1992 presidential election. Roberts returned to Hogan & Hartson as a partner, and became the head of the firm's appellate practice, in addition to serving as an adjunct faculty member at the Georgetown University Law Center. In his capacity as head of Hogan & Hartson's appellate practice, Roberts argued a total of thirty-nine cases before the Supreme Court, including:

During the late 1990s, while working for Hogan & Hartson, Roberts served as a member of the steering committee of the Washington, D.C. chapter of the Federalist Society. [ [ "The Washington Post", July 25, 2005] ]


During Judiciary Committee hearings on his nomination to the circuit court, Roberts testified about his views on jurisprudence. [http://a257.g] S:GPOHEARINGS92548.000 ] ]

Commerce Clause

:"Starting with "McCulloch v. Maryland", Chief Justice John Marshall gave a very broad and expansive reading to the powers of the Federal Government and explained generally that if the ends be legitimate, then any means chosen to achieve them are within the power of the Federal Government, and cases interpreting that, throughout the years, have come down. Certainly, by the time "Lopez" was decided, many of us had learned in law school that it was just sort of a formality to say that interstate commerce was affected and that cases weren't going to be thrown out that way. "Lopez" certainly breathed new life into the Commerce Clause.

:"I think it remains to be seen, in subsequent decisions, how rigorous a showing, and in many cases, it is just a showing. It's not a question of an abstract fact, does this affect interstate commerce or not, but has this body, the Congress, demonstrated the impact on interstate commerce that drove them to legislate? That's a very important factor. It wasn't present in "Lopez" at all. I think the members of Congress had heard the same thing I had heard in law school, that this is unimportant — and they hadn't gone through the process of establishing a record in that case." [ S:GPOHEARINGS92548.000 ] ]


:"Simply because you have a problem that needs addressing, it's not necessarily the case that Federal legislation is the best way to address it.... The constitutional limitation doesn't turn on whether it's a good idea. There is not a 'good idea' clause in the Constitution. It can be a bad idea, but certainly still satisfy the constitutional requirements." [ S:GPOHEARINGS92548.000 ] ]

Applying precedent

:"The Supreme Court has, throughout its history, on many occasions described the deference that is due to legislative judgments. Justice Holmes described assessing the constitutionality of an act of Congress as the gravest duty that the Supreme Court is called upon to perform.... It's a principle that is easily stated and needs to be observed in practice, as well as in theory.

:"Now, the Court, of course, has the obligation, and has been recognized since "Marbury v. Madison", to assess the constitutionality of acts of Congress, and when those acts are challenged, it is the obligation of the Court to say what the law is. The determination of when deference to legislative policy judgments goes too far and becomes abdication of the judicial responsibility, and when scrutiny of those judgments goes too far on the part of the judges and becomes what I think is properly called judicial activism, that is certainly the central dilemma of having an unelected, as you describe it correctly, undemocratic judiciary in a democratic republic." [ S:GPOHEARINGS92548.000 ] ] Fact|date=October 2008

In referring to "Brown v. Board" that overturned school segregation: "the Court in that case, of course, overruled a prior decision. I don't think that constitutes judicial activism because obviously if the decision is wrong, it should be overruled. That's not activism. That's applying the law correctly."Fact|date=October 2008

"Roe v. Wade"

While working as a lawyer for the Reagan administration, Roberts wrote legal memos forcefully defending Reagan's policies on abortion. [Greenburg, Jan Crawford. Supreme Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for Control of the United States Supreme Court.2007. Penguin Books. Page 232.] At his nomination hearing Roberts testified that the legal memos represented the views of the administration he was representing at the time and not necessarily his own. [] [John Roberts Supreme Court Nomination Transcript] "Senator, I was a staff lawyer; I didn't have a position," Roberts said. [] [John Roberts Supreme Court Nomination Transcript] As a lawyer in the George H.W. Bush administration, Roberts signed a legal brief urging the court to overturn Roe v. Wade. [Greenburg, Jan Crawford. Supreme Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for Control of the United States Supreme Court.2007. Penguin Books. Page 226.]

In private meetings with senators before his confirmation, Roberts testified that "Roe" was settled law, but he added that it was subject to the legal principle of "stare decisis". [Greenburg, Jan Crawford. Supreme Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for Control of the United States Supreme Court.2007. Penguin Books. Page 233.] This told senators little - Roberts was saying only that "Roe" is settled law so long as the Supreme Court says so. [Greenburg, Jan Crawford. Supreme Conflict: The Inside Story of the Struggle for Control of the United States Supreme Court.2007. Penguin Books. Page 233.]

In his Senate testimony, Roberts acknowledged that, while sitting on the Appellate Court, he would have an obligation to respect precedents established by the Supreme Court, including the controversial decision invalidating many restrictions on the right to an abortion. He stated: "Roe v. Wade" is the settled law of the land.... There is nothing in my personal views that would prevent me from fully and faithfully applying that precedent, as well as "Casey"." Following the traditional reticence of nominees to indicate which way they might vote on an issue likely to come before the high court, he did not explicitly say whether he would vote to overturn either.]

:"See John Roberts Supreme Court nomination and hearings for speculation about Roberts's current views, concerns about these views raised in the hearings, and the potential impact they might have on his actions in the Supreme Court."

Free speech

Roberts authored the 2007 student free speech case "Morse v. Frederick", ruling that a student in a public school-sponsored activity does not have the right to advocate drug use on the basis that the right to free speech does not invariably prevent the exercise of school discipline. [ The Supreme Court | Tilting to the right | ] ]

Opinions as court of appeals judge

During his two year tenure on the D.C. Circuit, Roberts authored 49 opinions (which elicited only two dissents from other judges). During that same time frame, he authored only three dissenting opinions of his own. Because of this short record, it is difficult to ascertain from his appellate decisions a general approach to the Constitution, and he has not publicly stated on what he considers the best methods of constitutional and statutory interpretation. He has even said that "I do not think beginning with an all-encompassing approach to constitutional interpretation is the best way to faithfully construe the document."Fact|date=October 2008
Cass Sunstein, a law professor at the University of Chicago argued at the time of his confirmation as Chief Justice that, in general, Roberts appears to be a judicial minimalist, emphasizing precedent, as opposed to an originalism-oriented or rights-focused jurist. "Roberts's opinions thus far [as a court of appeals judge] are careful, lawyerly and narrow. They avoid broad pronouncements. They do not try to reorient the law." []

His past rulings as a court of appeals judge included the following issues:

Fourth and Fifth Amendments

The D.C. Circuit case "Hedgepeth v. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority", 386 F.3d 1148, [] involved a twelve-year-old girl who was, according to the Washington Post, asked if she had any drugs in her possession, searched for drugs, taken into custody, handcuffed, driven to police headquarters, booked and fingerprinted because she violated a publicly-advertised zero tolerance "no eating" policy in a Washington D.C. metro station by eating a single french fry. Roberts wrote for a 3-0 panel affirming a district court decision that dismissed the girl's complaint, which was predicated on the Fourth and Fifth Amendments, specifically the claim that an adult would have only received a citation for the same offense, while children must be detained until parents are notified.

Roberts began his opinion by noting, "No one is very happy about the events that led to this litigation," and pointing out that the policies under which the girl was apprehended had since been changed. Because age discrimination is allowed under previous jurisprudence if there is any rational basis for it, only weak state interests were required to justify the policy. "Because parents and guardians play an essential role in that rehabilitative process, it is reasonable for the District to seek to ensure their participation, and the method chosen — detention until the parent is notified and retrieves the child — certainly does that, in a way issuing a citation might not." Roberts concluded that the age discrimination and detention in this case were constitutional, noting that "the question before us... is not whether these policies were a bad idea, but whether they violated the Fourth and Fifth Amendments to the Constitution.", language reminiscent of Justice Potter Stewart's dissent in "Griswold v. Connecticut", in which Justice Stewart wrote, "We are not asked in this case to say whether we think this law is unwise, or even asinine. We are asked to hold that it violates the United States Constitution. And that, I cannot do."

Military tribunals

In "Hamdan v. Rumsfeld", Roberts was part of a unanimous Circuit panel overturning the district court ruling and upholding military tribunals set up by the Bush administration for trying terrorism suspects known as enemy combatants. Circuit Judge A. Raymond Randolph, writing for the court, ruled that Hamdan, a driver for al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden, [ [ Lawyer says Hamden not al-Qaeda - Yemeni was bin Laden's driver - local - Yemen Times ] ] could be tried by a military court because:

# the military commission had the approval of the United States Congress;
# the Third Geneva Convention is a treaty between nations and as such it does not confer individual rights and remedies enforceable in U.S. courts;
# even if the Convention could be enforced in U.S. courts, it would not be of assistance to Hamdan at the time because, for a conflict such as the war against Al-Qaeda (considered by the court as a separate war from that against Afghanistan itself) that is not between two countries, it guarantees only a certain standard of judicial procedure without speaking to the jurisdiction in which the prisoner must be tried.

The court held open the possibility of judicial review of the results of the military commission after the current proceedings have ended. [] This decision was overturned on June 29 2006 by the Supreme Court in a 5-3 decision, with Roberts not participating due to his prior ruling as a circuit judge.

Environmental regulation

On the U.S. Court of Appeals, Roberts wrote a dissenting opinion regarding "Rancho Viejo, LLC v. Norton", [ 323 F.3d 1062] , a case involving the protection of a rare California toad under the Endangered Species Act. When the court denied a rehearing en banc, [ 334 F.3d 1158] (D.C. Cir. 2003), Roberts dissented, arguing that the original opinion was wrongly decided because he found it inconsistent with "United States v. Lopez" and "United States v. Morrison" in that it focused on the effects of the regulation, rather than the taking of the toads themselves, on interstate commerce. In Roberts's view, the Commerce Clause of the Constitution did not permit the government to regulate activity affecting what he called "a hapless toad" that "for reasons of its own, lives its entire life in California." He said that reviewing the case could allow the court "alternative grounds for sustaining application of the Act that may be more consistent with Supreme Court precedent." [See also: "Chief Justice Roberts — Constitutional Interpretations of Article III and the Commerce Clause: Will the "Hapless Toad" and "John Q. Public" Have Any Protection in the Roberts Court?" Paul A. Fortenberry and Daniel Canton Beck. 13 U. Balt. J. Envtl. L. 55 (2005)]

Career background

1979-1980: Clerked for Judge Henry Friendly of the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals. Friendly, a widely-respected judge who received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from Jimmy Carter in 1977, had served on the circuit court since 1959.

1980-1981: Clerked for U.S. Supreme Court Justice William Rehnquist. Rehnquist would become Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1986.

1981-1982: Special Assistant to U.S. Attorney General William F. Smith under the Reagan administration.

1982-1986: Associate counsel to President Ronald Reagan.

1986-1989: Associate counsel at Hogan & Hartson, the largest law firm in Washington, D.C.

1989-1993: Principal Deputy Solicitor General for the U.S. Department of Justice under the first Bush administration.

1992: Nominated to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals by George Bush, but his nomination never received a Senate vote and was ultimately lost in the shuffle following Bill Clinton's victory over Bush in the 1992 presidential election.

1993-2003: Head of the appellate practice division at Hogan & Hartson.

2001: Nominated for a second time to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, but the nomination died in committee before receiving a Senate vote.

2003-2005: Circuit Judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit; confirmed after being nominated for a third time in 2003.

2005-present: Nominated Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by President George W. Bush.

U.S. Supreme Court

Nomination and confirmation

On July 19 2005, President Bush nominated Roberts to the U.S. Supreme Court to fill a vacancy that would be left by the announced retirement of Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. Roberts was the first Supreme Court nominee since Stephen Breyer in 1994. Bush announced Roberts' nomination in a live, nationwide television broadcast from the East Room of the White House at 9 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time.

Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist died on September 3, 2005 while Roberts' confirmation was still pending before the Senate. Shortly thereafter, on September 6, Bush withdrew Roberts's nomination as O'Connor's successor and announced Roberts' new nomination to the position of Chief Justice. Bush asked the Senate to expedite Roberts' confirmation hearings in order to fill the vacancy by the beginning of the Supreme Court's session in early October.

On September 22 the Senate Judiciary Committee approved Roberts' nomination by a vote of 13-5, with Senators Ted Kennedy, Richard Durbin, Charles Schumer, Joe Biden and Dianne Feinstein the dissenting votes. Roberts was confirmed by the full Senate on September 29, passing by a margin of 78-22. [] All Republicans and the lone Independent voted for Roberts; the Democrats split evenly, 22 for and 22 against. Roberts was confirmed by what was, historically, a narrow margin for a Supreme Court Justice. This reflects the increasing politicization and partisanship of Congress in selecting Supreme Court nominees, though this margin was greater than the 1986 65-33 vote confirming Roberts' predecessor, William Rehnquist, as Chief Justice, and far greater than the 52-48 vote confirming Clarence Thomas as Associate Justice in 1991. [ ["Supreme Court Nominations, 1789–2005: Actions by the Senate, the Judiciary Committee, and the President" Congressional Research Service January 5, 2005] ]

The Roberts Court

On September 29, just hours after his Senate confirmation, Roberts took the Constitutional oath of office, which was administered by senior Associate Justice John Paul Stevens at the White House. He took the judicial oath provided for by the Judiciary Act of 1789 on September 29 2005 at the United States Supreme Court building, prior to the first oral arguments of the 2005 term. Then 50, Roberts became the youngest member of the Court, and the third-youngest person to have ever become Chief Justice (John Jay was appointed at age 44 in 1789 while John Marshall was appointed at age 45 in 1801). However, many Associate Justices, such as Clarence Thomas (appointed at age 43) and William O. Douglas (appointed at age 41 in 1939), have joined the Court at a younger age than Roberts.

Roberts presided over his first oral arguments on October 3 2005, when the Court began its 2005–2006 session. Ending a week's worth of idle speculation, Roberts opted to wear a plain black robe on his first day, dispensing with the gold sleeve-bars added to the Chief Justice's robes by his late predecessor.

On January 17 2006, Roberts dissented along with Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas in "Gonzales v. Oregon", which held that the Controlled Substances Act does not allow the United States Attorney General to prohibit physicians from prescribing drugs for the assisted suicide of the terminally ill as permitted by an Oregon law. However, the point of contention in this case was largely one of statutory interpretation, not federalism.

On March 6 2006, Roberts wrote the unanimous decision in "Rumsfeld v. Forum for Academic and Institutional Rights" that colleges accepting federal money must allow military recruiters on campus, despite university objections to the Clinton administration-initiated "Don't ask, don't tell" policy on gays in the military.

4th Amendment

Roberts wrote his first dissent in the case "Georgia v. Randolph", decided March 22 2006. The majority's decision prohibited police from searching a home if, as in this case, both occupants are present but one occupant objected while another consented. Roberts' dissent criticized the majority opinion as inconsistent with prior case law and for basing its reasoning in part on its perception of social custom.

Notice and Opportunity to Be Heard

Although Roberts has often sided with Scalia and Thomas, Roberts was the tie-breaking vote (if a tie vote occurs, the lower court decision stands) in "Jones v. Flowers". In "Jones", Roberts sided with the liberal block of the court determining that before a home is seized and sold in a tax-forfeiture sale, due diligence must be demonstrated and proper notification needs to be sent to the owners. Dissenting were Anthony Kennedy along with Antonin Scalia and Clarence Thomas. Samuel Alito did not participate while Roberts' ruling was joined by David Souter, Stephen Breyer, John Paul Stevens, and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.


On the Supreme Court, Roberts has indicated he supports some abortion restrictions but has not committed to overturn "Roe v. Wade". On April 18 2007, the Supreme Court handed down a decision upholding the constitutionality of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in the case of "Gonzales v. Carhart". Roberts voted to uphold the Partial Birth Abortion Act along with four other justices. He assigned writing of the opinion to Justice Anthony Kennedy. Kennedy wrote for the five-justice majority that Congress was within its power to generally ban the procedure, although the Court left the door open for as-applied challenges.

Kennedy's opinion did not reach the question whether the Court's prior decisions in "Roe v. Wade", "Planned Parenthood v. Casey", and "Stenberg v. Carhart" were valid, but stated that this opinion did not conflict with those opinions. Joining the majority was Justice Samuel Alito. Justice Clarence Thomas, joined by Justice Antonin Scalia, filed a concurring opinion, contending that the Court's prior decisions in "Roe v. Wade" and "Planned Parenthood v. Casey" should be reversed, and also noting that the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act may exceed the powers of Congress under the Commerce Clause. Roberts, along with Alito, refused to sign on to that opinion. Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, David Souter, John Paul Stevens and Stephen Breyer dissented, contending that the ruling ignored Supreme Court abortion precedent.

chool Desegregation

Roberts is against school districts' attempts to stop racial segregation by assigning students to particular schools based on their race. [Toobin, Jeffrey. The Nine. First Anchor Books Edition, September 2008. Page 389.] Roberts sees plans such as these as "discrimination" in violation of the constitution's equal protection clause and the ruling in Brown v. Board of Education. [Toobin, Jeffrey. The Nine. First Anchor Books Edition, September 2008. Page 389.] [] Chief Justice John Roberts said the districts, "failed to show that they considered methods other than explicit racial classifications to achieve their stated goals." []

See also

*List of law clerks of the Supreme Court of the United States
*United States Supreme Court cases during the Roberts Court

Bibliography of articles by John G. Roberts Jr.

The University of Michigan Law Library (External Links, below) has compiled fulltext links to these articles and a number of briefs and arguments.

*"Developments in the Law — Zoning, "The Takings Clause," 91 Harv. L. Rev. 1462 (1978). (Section III of a longer article beginning on p. 1427)
*"Comment, "Contract Clause — Legislative Alteration of Private Pension Agreements: Allied Structural Steel Co. v. Spannaus," 92 Harv. L. Rev. 86 (1978). (Subsection C of a longer article beginning on p. 57)
*"New Rules and Old Pose Stumbling Blocks in High Court Cases," "The Legal Times", February 26 1990, co-authored with E. Barrett Prettyman, Jr.
*cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1993 |month= |title=Article III Limits on Statutory Standing |journal=Duke Law Journal |volume=42 |issue= |pages=1219 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=
*"Riding the Coattails of the Solicitor General," The Legal Times, March 29 1993.
*"The New Solicitor General and the Power of the Amicus," "The Wall Street Journal", May 5 1993.
*cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1994 |month= |title=The 1992–1993 Supreme Court |journal=Public Interest Law Review |volume=107 |issue= |pages= |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=
*"Forfeitures: Does Innocence Matter?," "New Jersey Law Journal", October 9 1995.
*"Thoughts on Presenting an Effective Oral Argument," "School Law in Review" (1997). [ Link]
*"The Bush Panel," 2003 BYU L. Rev. 62 (2003). (Part of a tribute to Rex. E. Lee beginning on p. 1. "The Bush Panel" contains a speech by Roberts.)
*cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2005 |month= |title=Oral Advocacy and the Re-emergence of a Supreme Court Bar |journal=Journal of Supreme Court History |volume=30 |issue=1 |pages=68–81 |doi=10.1111/j.1059-4329.2005.00098.x |url= |accessdate= |quote=
*cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2006 |month= |title=What Makes the D.C. Circuit Different? A Historical View |journal=Virginia Law Review |volume=92 |issue=3 |pages=375 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=
*cite journal |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=2005 |month= |title=A Tribute to Chief Justice Rehnquist |journal=Harvard Law Review |volume=119 |issue= |pages=1 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=


News articles

* "Roberts Listed in Federalist Society '97-98 Directory". Washington Post. July 25 2005. []
*"Appellate judge Roberts is Bush high-court pick." MSNBC. July 19 2005. []
*Argetsinger, Amy, and Jo Becker. "The nominee as a young pragmatist: under Reagan, Roberts tackled tough issues." "Washington Post". July 22 2005. []
*Barbash, Fred, et al: "Bush to nominate Judge John G. Roberts Jr." "Washington Post". July 19 2005. []
*Becker, Jo, and R. Jeffrey Smith. "Record of accomplishment — and some contradictions." "Washington Post". July 20 2005. []
*Bumuller, Elisabeth, and David Stout: "President chooses conservative judge as nominee to court." "New York Times". July 19 2005. []
*"Bush: Meeting with Roberts during recount wasn't political." Associated Press. July 23 2005. []
*Entous, Adam. "Bush picks conservative Roberts for Supreme Court." Reuters. July 19 2005. [
*Kallestad, Brent. "Roberts helped counsel Jeb Bush." Associated Press. July 21 2005. []
*Lane, Charles. "Federalist affiliation misstated: Roberts does not belong to group." "Washington Post". July 21 2005. []
*Lane, Charles. "Short record as judge is under a microscope." "Washington Post". July 21 2005. []
*Groppe, Maureen, and John Tuohy. "If you ask John where he's from, he says Indiana." "Indianapolis Star". July 20 2005. []
*McFeatters, Ann. "John G. Roberts Jr. is Bush choice for Supreme Court." "Pittsburgh Post-Gazette". July 19 2005. []
*Riechmann, Deb. "Federal judge Roberts is Bush's choice." Associated Press. July 20 2005. [,1280,-5152882,00.html]
*"Roberts: A smart, self-effacing 'Eagle Scout'." Associated Press. July 20 2005. []
*"Who Is John G. Roberts Jr.?" ABC News. July 19 2005. []

Government/official biographies

*"President announces Judge John Roberts as Supreme Court nominee." Office of the Press Secretary, Executive Office of the President. []
*"Roberts, John G., Jr." Federal Judicial Center. []
*"John G. Roberts biography." Office of Legal Policy, U.S. Department of Justice. []
*"Biographical Sketches of the Judges of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit." United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. []
*John G. Roberts Questionnaire for Appeals Court Confirmation Hearing (p. 297–339) and responses to Questions from Various Senators (p. 443–461) [ (large PDF file)]


*Coffin, Shannen W. "Meet John Roberts: The President Makes the Best Choice." "National Review Online". July 19 2005. []
*"Former Hogan & Hartson partner nominated for the U.S. Supreme Court." Hogan & Hartson, LLP. July 20 2005. []
*Goldman, Jerry. "John G. Roberts, Jr." Oyez. []
*"John G. Roberts, Jr. Fact Sheet" La Lumiere School. []
*"John G. Roberts federal campaign contributions." July 19 2005. []
*"Progress for America: Support for the Confirmation of John G. Roberts" []
*"Report of the Alliance for Justice: Opposition to the Confirmation of John G. Roberts to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit." Alliance for Justice. [ (PDF file)]


External links

* [ Judge Roberts's Published Opinions in a searchable database]
* [ Search and browse the transcripts from Judge Roberts's confirmation hearing]
* [ Chief Justice John Roberts] at
* [ Transcript of Senate Judiciary Committee hearing] on the nomination of John Roberts to the D.C. circuit (Roberts Q&A on pages 17–79) [ plain text available here]
* [ FindLaw Lawyer Profile]
* [ List of Circuit Judge Roberts's opinions for the DC Circuit ]
* [ University of Michigan Law Library fulltext links]
* [ Federalist Society]
* [ A summary of media-related cases handled by Supreme Court nominee John G. Roberts Jr.] from The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, July 21 2005
* [ Experts Analyze Supreme Court Nominee John Roberts's Legal Record]
* [ Profile of the Nominee] — "The Washington Post"
* [ A Senate Hearing Primer] — "The New York Times"
* [ Video and Transcripts From the Roberts Confirmation Hearings] — "The New York Times"
* [ SCOTUSblog]
* [ Supreme Court Nomination Blog]
* [ Senate Vote on the Roberts nomination]
* [ List of Chief Justices, including John Roberts, Jr.]
* [ On first day, Roberts sets no-nonsense tone] — "The Boston Globe"

NAME=Roberts, John Glover, Jr.
SHORT DESCRIPTION=U.S. Supreme Court justice
DATE OF BIRTH=January 27, 1955
PLACE OF BIRTH=Buffalo, New York, United States

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  • John G. Roberts — John Glover Roberts Jr. John Glover Roberts, Jr. (* 27. Januar 1955 in Buffalo, NY) ist ein US amerikanischer Jurist und seit dem 29. September 2005 Chief Justice of the United States …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John G. Roberts, Jr. — John Glover Roberts Jr. John Glover Roberts, Jr. (* 27. Januar 1955 in Buffalo, NY) ist ein US amerikanischer Jurist und seit dem 29. September 2005 Chief Justice of the United States. Inhaltsverze …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Glover Roberts, Jr. — John Glover Roberts Jr. John Glover Roberts, Jr. (* 27. Januar 1955 in Buffalo, NY) ist ein US amerikanischer Jurist und seit dem 29. September 2005 Chief Justice of the United States …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John William Roberts — Nacimiento 1882 Fallecimiento 1957 Residencia EE.UU. Nacionalidad botánico, micólogo …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Maddox Roberts — (* 25. Juni 1947 in Ohio, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Schriftsteller. Mit 20 Jahren verließ er das College und trat in die US Army ein. Dort diente er bei der Eliteeinheit Green Berets. Nach seiner Rückkehr ins Zivilleben entschloss sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Milton Roberts — John M. Roberts (December 8, 1916 – April 2, 1990) was an American anthropologist who developed the field of expressive culture in a series of studies on games in culture, and published over 50 articles on these subjects. His complete list of… …   Wikipedia

  • John D. Roberts — John Dombrowski Roberts (* 8. Juni 1918 in Los Angeles[1]) ist ein US amerikanischer Chemiker (Organische Chemie, NMR Spektroskopie). Roberts studierte an der University of California, Los Angeles mit dem Bachelor Abschluss 1941 und der Promotion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John D. Roberts — (b. June 8, 1918) is an award winning American chemist. He has made contributions to the integration of physical chemistry, spectroscopy and organic chemistry for the understanding of chemical reaction rates.Roberts received both a B.A. (1941)… …   Wikipedia

  • John Maddox Roberts — (born June 25 1947 in Ohio) is an author who has written many science fiction and fantasy novels, including his successful historical fiction, such as the SPQR series and Hannibal s Children .BibliographyCingulum series* The Cingulum (1985) *… …   Wikipedia

  • John G. Roberts Jr. — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Roberts. John G. Roberts Jr. John G. Roberts Jr., 17e président de la Cour suprême des États Unis …   Wikipédia en Français

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