- Architectural lighting design
Architectural lighting design is a field within
architectureand architectural engineeringthat concerns itself primarily with the illumination of architecture, including academic/institutional, corporate, hospitality, monumental structures, residential, retail/entertainment and site/facade lighting projects.
Professional trade organizations
Prior to the 1960s, the concept of illumination in architecture was not considered to be important by many architects or consulting engineers. This changed with the formation of the
International Association of Lighting Designers(IALD) in 1969, the current mission of which is "to serve the IALD worldwide membership by promoting the visible success of its members in practicing lighting design." This created a new attitude towards the profession and raised the profile of architectural lighting design, one of the principal goals of the organization.
The European Lighting Designers' Association (ELDA, later ELDA+) was formed in 1993; in 2007, ELDA changed its name to the
Professional Lighting Designers Association(PLDA). These two organizations are the main authorities regarding lighting design in architecture.
Illuminating Engineering Society of North America(IESNA) seeks to improve the lighted environment by bringing together those with lighting knowledge and by translating that knowledge into actions that benefit the public.
International Commission on Illumination(CIE) is an organization "devoted to international cooperation and exchange of information among its member countries on all matters relating to the science and art of lighting." CIE works globally to develop and publish lighting design standerdization and best-practice documents.
The Professional Lighting & Sound Association (
PLASA) represents the interests of many lighting designers and manufacturers, several of which are invovled in the Architectural lighting market. PLASA is UK orientated, but does represent companies on a European and International level.
There are many more nationally-based organizations such as the
Schweizerische Licht Gesellschaft(SLG) in Switzerland, the Association de Concepteurs Eclairage(ACE) in France, the Hellenic Illumination Committee(HIC) in Greeceand the Associazione Professionisti dell'Illuminazione(APIL) in Italy.
Concept of lighting design
Architectural lighting design focuses on three fundamental aspects of the illumination of buildings or spaces. The first is the aesthetic appeal of a building, an aspect particularly important in the illumination of
retailenvironments. Secondly, the ergonomicaspect: the measure of how much of a function the lighting plays. Thirdly is the energy efficiency issue to assure that light is not wasted by over-illumination, either by illuminating vacant spaces unnecessarily or by providing more light than needed for the aestheticsor the task.
Each of these three aspects is looked at in extraordinarily detail when the lighting designer is at work. In aesthetic appeal, the lighting designer attempts to raise the general attractiveness of the design, measure whether it should be subtly blended into the background or whether it should stand out, and assess what kind of
emotionsthe lighting should evoke. The functional aspects of the project can encompass the need for the project to be visible (by night mostly, but also by day), the impact of daylighton the project and safetyissues (glare, colour confusion etc.).
Architectural lighting design, much like architecture itself, qualifies as being neither an art nor a science, rather a mixture of both. While creative spirit is demanded of a designer, a qualified professional architectural lighting designer will generally have a good understanding of the properties of light from a scientific standpoint and of the functioning of a light fitting (known as a "
luminaire" in field terminology).
Media and trade publications
With the increase in global focus on green design and energy codes, lighting design and its role in sustainability have become more well known, resulting in a number of lighting-specific trade publications and an increase in coverage in architectural publications.
The following are publications specific to lighting design, covering the global-nature of the industry:
* LD+A (Lighting Design + Application), published by the IESNA (U.S.A.)
Professional Lighting DesignMagazine, official publication of PLDA(published in English, German, Turkish and Chinese)
Notable architectural lighting designers
Rogier van der Heide, IALD
Mark Sutton Vane
Lighting control systems for a buildings or residences.
Seasonal affective disorder(SAD) (winter depression)
* [http://www.schorsch.com/kbase/glossary/ Lighting design glossary]
* [http://www.alingsas.se/ljus/engelska/main04_eng/indexlight.htm Lights in Alingsås, international workshop]
* [http://www.newbuildings.org/ALG.htm IESNA Advanced Lighting Guidelines]
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