- Polish presidential election, 2005
Presidential elections were held in
Polandon October 9and October 23, 2005. The outgoing President of Poland, Aleksander Kwaśniewski, had served two five-year terms and was unable to stand for a third term.
Two center-right candidates,
Donald Tusk, chairman of the Civic Platformparty (PO), and Lech Kaczyński, leader of the Law and Justiceparty (PiS) and mayor of Warsaw, led the poll in the first round, as was widely expected. As neither received 50 percent of the vote, a second round was held on 23 October. In this round, Kaczyński defeated Tusk, polling 54.04 percent of the vote.
Although both leading candidates came from the center-right, and their two parties had planned to form a coalition government following the legislative elections on
25 September, there were important differences between Tusk and Kaczyński. Tusk is considered somewhat more socially and economically liberal, favoring more rapid European integrationand a free-market economy. Kaczyński is more socially conservative, in the tradition of post- CommunistPoland's first President, Lech Wałęsa, and is more suspicious towards the European Union. Such differences led to the failure of PiS-PO coalition talks in late October.
Voters turnout in the first round was quite low with only 49.6 percent of all eligible voters casting their votes.
Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz, the candidate of the Alliance of the Democratic Left, which was the governing party before the legislative election withdrew from the race on September 14. At the time he withdrew he was third in the polls, still having the most chances to get to the second round (besides Kaczyński and Tusk).
Other candidates, who withdrew from the elections, but initially have signed to, were
Zbigniew Religaand Maciej Giertych. Daniel Tomasz Podrzycki, who have also signed, died in an accident before the elections.
Ten people had registered themselves in election procedure, but failed to gather 100,000 support signatures: Arnold Buzdygan, Stanisław Ceberek,
Gabriel Janowski, Jan Antoni Kiełb, Waldemar Janusz Kossakowski, Marian Romuald Rembelski, Zbigniew Roliński, Sławomir Salomon, Maria Szyszkowska, Bolesław Tejkowski.
Radio Maryja, a radio station which played a role in the elections
* [http://www.angus-reid.com/tracker/index.cfm?fuseaction=viewItem&itemID=7423 Angus Reid Consultants - Election Tracker]
* [http://www.pbssopot.com.pl/x.php?x=184/Kalkulator-prezydencki.html "Presidential Calculator", Rzeczpospolita ]
* [http://www.prezydent2005.pkw.gov.pl/PZT/EN/WYN/W/index.htm Official results]
* [http://www.axisglobe.com/article.asp?article=335 Reference files on the Poland's presidential candidates.]
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