- Lovisa of Sweden
Queen Louise of Denmark (
October 31, 1851— March 20, 1926) was a princess of Swedenand the Queen consort of Frederik VIII of Denmark.
Lovisa had a happy childhood; after her brother's death in 1854, her father treated her like a boy and let her grow up as one, and she was therefore allowed to develop much less restrained than most girls of her time and became a confident, natural and happy girl. This somewhat worried her mother, Queen Lovisa, herself very eager to behave according to the feminine ideal of the time. But her father once lovingly said about her, "She's an ugly devil, but she's funny!" and treated her with the same gruff affectionate manners as he would have with a son. There were several discussions about making Lovisa the heir to the throne of Sweden and Norway, as her mother could not have any more children and she was the only surviving child. But although Sweden had previously had female monarchs, and approval of female succession was declared in 1604, provision had not been made for it in the new constitution of 1809. Lovisa's succession would have required a change in the law, as would also have been necessary regarding the throne of Norway, which did not have female succession. The matter became moot when Lovisa's uncle, her father's brother, had his first son in 1858.
Louise married Crown Prince Frederik of
Denmark(1843-1912) in Stockholm on July 28, 1869. The wedding was celebrated with great pomp and splendor at a time when Sweden was plagued by its last severe starvation epidemic, but the dowry of the Princess was all made by native hands.
In Denmark, Louise became quite popular during her long time as Crown Princess with her cheerful personality. But as the years passed by, her personality changed; she became more reserved and firm, and her husband's infidelity caused her to have a greater interest in religion. She raised her children very strictly, much unlike her own free upbringing. Her only pleasure was her visits to her old home-country, Sweden, where she visited her old family and friends. She was saddened about the political situation of 1905, when Norway became independent from Sweden with Danish support, as it was nearly impossible at the time to visit Sweden. She eventually became Queen of
Denmarkin 1906 as Frederik's consort. The couple had 8 children, four sons and four daughters:
# Crown Prince Christian of
Denmark(1870-1947), later King Christian X of Denmark. He married Princess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerinin 1898 and had issue.
# Prince Carl of
Denmark(1872-1957), later King Haakon VII of Norway. He married Princess Maud of Walesin 1896 and had issue.
Princess Louise of Denmark(1875-1906). She married Prince Friedrich of Schaumburg-Lippein 1896 and had issue.
Prince Harald of Denmark(1876-1949). He married Princess Helena of Glücksburgin 1909 and had issue.
Princess Ingeborg of Denmark(1878-1958). She married Prince Carl of Swedenand Norwayin 1897 and had issue.
# Princess Thyra of Denmark (1880-1945). No issue.
Prince Gustav of Denmark(1887-1944). No issue.
# Princess Dagmar of Denmark (1890-1961). She married
Jørgen Carstenskioldand had issue.
As tradition precluded the succession of a woman to the thrones of
Swedenand Norway, Louise could not inherit them. Her father Charles XV was succeeded by his brother Oscar II. By a twist of fate, Louise's son, Prince Charles, did, in fact, eventually became King of Norway. He was elected to succeed her uncle to the Norwegian throne as a result of Norway's independence from Sweden in 1905.
Queen Louise died in
Amalienborgin 1926 and is interred next to her husband in Roskilde Cathedralnear Copenhagen.
style=font-size: 90%; line-height: 110%;
boxstyle=padding-top: 0; padding-bottom: 0;
1= 1. Princess Lovisa of Sweden
Charles XV of Sweden
3= 3. Princess Louise of the Netherlands
Oscar I of Sweden
5= 5. Duchess Josephine of Leuchtenberg
Prince Frederik of the Netherlands
7= 7. Princess Louise of Prussia
Charles XIV John of Sweden
Eugène de Beauharnais
Princess Augusta of Bavaria
William I of the Netherlands
13= 13. Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia
Frederick William III of Prussia
15= 15. Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
16= 16. Jean Henri Bernadotte
17= 17. Jeanne de Saint Vincent
18= 18. François Clary
19= 19. Françoise Rose Somis
Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais
21= 21. Joséphine de Tascher de La Pagerie
Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt
William V, Prince of Orange
25= 25. Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia
Frederick William II of Prussia
27= 27. Princess Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Frederick William II of Prussia(= 26)
29= 29. Princess Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 27)
Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
31= 31. Princess Friederike Caroline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Bomann-Larsen, Tor(2004): "Folket - Haakon & Maud II" (in Norwegian)
* Lars Elgklou, "Familjen Bernadotte. En kunglig släktkrönika" (In Swedish)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.