- Geography of Hong Kong
geographyof Hong Kongprimarily consists of three main territories: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and the New Territories. The geography of Hong Kong is varied and is home to various physical geographical features.
The name "Hong Kong", literally meaning "fragrant harbour", is derived from the area around present-day Aberdeen on
Hong Kong Island, where fragrant wood products and fragrant incense were once traded [ [http://ec.hku.hk/visithk/Volumes/Vol_1/VHK_Vol-1_6.pdf Visit Hong Kong: Volume 1, Spring, 2004 (p.14)] , University of Hong Kong English Centre.] . The narrow body of water separating Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula, Victoria Harbour, is one of the deepest natural maritime ports in the world.
Hong Kong and its 260 territorial islands and peninsulas are located in the
South China Sea, at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta.
The Kowloon Peninsula to the south of
Boundary Streetand the New Territoriesto the north of Hong Kong Island were added to Colonial Hong Kongin 1860and 1898respectively. The body of water between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula is Victoria Harbour, one of the deepest maritime ports in the world. The landscape of Hong Kong is fairly hilly to mountainous with steep slopes. The highest point in the territory is Tai Mo Shan, at a height of 958 metres [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/hk.html The World Factbook] , Central Intelligence Agency, United States. Last updated 23-01-2007.] . Lowlands exist in the northwestern part of the New Territories.
Hong Kong is 60 km east of
Macauon the opposite side of the Pearl River estuary. It has a land border with Shenzhento the north. Of the territory's 1,092 square kilometres, less than 25 percent is developed.Fact|date=February 2007 The remaining land is reserved as country parks and nature reserves.
Hong Kong is located in eastern
Asia, on the southeast coast of the People's Republic of China, facing the East China Sea.
"Total:" 1,092 km²
"Land:" 1,042 km²
"Water:" 50 km²
"Figures published by the United States Central Intelligence Agency."
Hong Konghas 262 islands [ [http://www.travelhealth.gov.hk/english/travel_hk/travel_hk.html "Travelling to Hong Kong"] - Travel Health Service, HKSAR. Retrieved on 16 February 2007.] including Hong Kong Island, Lantau Island, Cheung Chau, Lamma Island, Peng Chauand Tsing Yi Island.
Hong Kong's climate is
subtropicaland monsoonalwith cool dry winters and hot wet summers. As of 2006, its annual average rainfall is 2,214 mm, though about 80% of the rain falls between May and September. It is occasionally affected by tropical cyclones between May and November, most often from July to September. The mean temperature of Hong Kong ranges from 17 °C in January to 29 °C in July. [Hong Kong Survey & Mapping Office, Lands Department. "Hong Kong Guide 2007" [map] . Notes on Hong Kong, p. 411. ISBN 962-567-174-9.]
January and February are more cloudy, with occasional
cold fronts followed by dry northerly winds. It is not uncommon for temperatures to drop below 10 °C in urban areas. Sub-zero temperatures and frostoccur at times on high ground and in the New Territories. March and April can be pleasant although there are occasional spells of high humidity. Fogand drizzleare common on high ground which is exposed to the southeast. May to August are hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms. Afternoon temperatures often exceed 31 °C whereas at night, temperatures generally remain around 26 °C with high humidity. In November and December there are pleasant breezes, plenty of sunshine and comfortable temperatures. [ [http://www.weather.gov.hk/wxinfo/climat/climahk.htm Climate of Hong Kong] Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved on 1 Sep 2007.]
Hong Kong's terrain is hilly and mountainous with steep slopes. There are lowlands in the northern part of Hong Kong. A significant amount of land in Hong Kong, especially on the Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon peninsula, is
The lowest elevation in Hong Kong is in South China Sea (0 m) while the highest elevation is at
Tai Mo Shan(958 m) in Tsuen Wan, the New Territories.
Tau Lo Chaucoord|22|9|14|N|113|55|21|E|
Principal peaks of Hong Kong
Tai Mo Shan- 958 m, Tsuen Wan
Lantau Peak(Fung Wong Shan) - 934 m, on Lantau Island
Sunset Peak(Tai Tung Shan) - 869 m, on Lantau Island
Sze Fong Shan- 785 m
Lin Fa Shan- 766 m, on Lantau Island
Nei Lak Shan- 751 m, on Lantau Island
Yi Tung Shan- 747 m, on Lantau Island
# Ma On Shan - 702 m
The Hunch Backs(Ngau Ngak Shan) - 674 m
Grassy Hill- 647 m
Wong Leng- 639 m
Buffalo Hill- 606 m
West Buffalo Hill- 604 m
Kowloon Peak(Fei Ngo Shan) - 602 m
Shun Yeung Fung- 591 m
Tiu Shau Ngam- 588 m
Kai Kung Leng- 585 m
# Castle Peak - 583 m
Lin Fa Shan, Tsuen Wan- 578 m
Tate's Cairn(Tai Lo Shan) - 577 m Victoria Peak, the highest point on Hong Kong Island, at 552 m is the 24th highest peak in Hong Kong.
The natural resources of Hong Kong can be divided into three main categories:
*Metalliferous minerals and non-metalliferous industrial minerals in the onshore area;
*Quarried rock and building stone;
*Offshore sand deposits.
Despite its small size, Hong Kong has a relatively large number of mineral occurrences. Some mineral deposits have been exploited commercially. Metalliferous mineral occurrences are grouped into four broad categories:
tin- tungsten- molybdenummineralization, copper- lead- zincmineralization, ironmineralization and placer deposits of tinand gold. Mesozoicigneous activity is largely responsible for this diversity of mineral deposits and the mineral concentrations have been variably enhanced by hydrothermal activity associated with faulting. Concentrations of non-metalliferous minerals that have been commercially exploited include kaolin clay, feldspar, quartz, beryland graphite.cite book|author=R.J. Sewell, S.D.G. Campbell, C.J.N. Fletcher, K.W. Lai & P.A. Kirk|title=The Pre-Quaternary Geology of Hong Kong|year=2000|publisher=Government of Hong Kong SAR|isbn=9620202996]
For many years,
graniteand volcanic rockshave been quarried locally for road base metal, pell mell, armour stone and asphalt, although the main purpose now is for concrete aggregates. At present, there are three quarries operating in Hong Kong. These are principally in granite and are located at Lam Tei, Shek Oand Anderson Road. All the quarries are in the process of rehabilitation and have a life expectancy of between two to eight years.
Offshore sand bodies have been dredged for aggregate sand and reclamation fill in Hong Kong has grown as the rate of urban development has increased. [cite book|author=J.A. Fyfe, R.Shaw, S.D.G. Campbell, K.W. Lai & P.A. Kirk|title=The Quaternary Geology of Hong Kong|year=2000|publisher=Government of Hong Kong SAR|isbn=9620202988]
Tropical cyclones frequent Hong Kong during the summer months between June and August typically. Landslides are common after a rainstorm.
water pollutionfrom rapid urbanisation
*Extinction of natural species
Country parks and conservation in Hong Kong
Beaches of Hong Kong
Rivers of Hong Kong
List of bays in Hong Kong
List of areas of Hong Kong
Geography of China
Geology of Hong Kong
* [http://www.weather.gov.hk/wxinfo/climat/climahk.htm Climate of Hong Kong]
* [http://www.info.gov.hk/landsd/index.htm The Lands Department of the Government of Hong Kong]
* [http://hkwaterfall.net/hk_falls/hkwf_mnp.htm Waterfalls in Hong Kong]
* [http://www.censtatd.gov.hk/FileManager/EN/Common/hkinf.pdf "Hong Kong in Figures 2006 Edition"] , Census and Statistics Department, HKSAR. February 2006.
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