Dipterocarp timber classification

Dipterocarp timber classification

The following table associates tree species, wood name and wood colour.

Genus & section Species Wood name Wood colour Wood type
Anisoptera A. cochinchinensis, A. marginata, A. scaphula, A. thurifera and about ten other species Mersawa light hardwood
Cotylelobium C. burckii, C. lanceolatum, C. melanoxylon Resak heavy hardwood (dense)
Dipterocarpus D. alatus, D. baudii, D. basilanicus, D. borneensis, D. caudiferus, D. costulatus, D. grandiflorus, D. kerrii, D. tonkinensis, D. verrucosus, D. warburgii, and about 60 other species Keruing medium hardwood
Dryobalanops D. aromatica, D. beccarii, D. fusca, D. keithii, D. lanceolata, D. oblongifolia, D. rappa Kapur, Kapor medium hardwood
Hopea H. acuminata, H. beccariana, H. dryobalanoides, H. mengarawan, H. nervosa, H. odorata, H. sangal and other species Merawan medium hardwood
Hopea H. ferrea, H. forbesii, H. helferi, H. nutans, H. semicuneata and other species Giam heavy hardwood
Neobalanocarpus N. heimii Cengal heavy hardwood
Parashorea P. aptera, P. buchananii, P. chinensis, P. densiflora, P. globosa, P. lucida, P. macrophylla, P. malaanonan, P. parvifolia, P. smythiesii, P. stellata, P. tomentella Gerutu light hardwood
Parashorea Parashorea plicata Bagtikan grey-brown
Shorea (Pentacme) S. contorta, S. minandensis White Lauan grey to very light red
Shorea sect. Shorea S. atrinervosa
S. brunnescens
S. crassa
S. exelliptica
S. foxworthyi
S. glauca
S. havilandii
S. laevis
S. leptoderma
S. materialis
S. maxwelliana
S. seminis
S. submontana
S. sumatrana
S. superba
Balau   heavy hardwood
Shorea sect. Almon S. almon
S. contorta
S. leprosula
S. leptoclados
S. smithiana
Almon light red to pink  
Shorea sect. Anthoshorea S. assamica
S. bracteolata
S. dealbata
S. hypochra
S. javanica
S. lamellata
S. maranti
White Meranti   light hardwood
Shorea sect. Richetia S. acuminatissima
S. faguetiana
S. gibbosa
S. hopeifolia
S. multiflora
Yellow Meranti   light hardwood
Shorea sect. Rubroshorea S. curtisii
S. hemsleyana
S. macrantha
S. pauciflora
S. platyclados
S. rugosa,
S. singkawang

4 other spp.
Dark red Meranti (Meranti bukit)   light hardwood
S. acuminata
S. dasyphylla
S. johorensis
S. lepidota
S. parvifolia
Light red Meranti   light hardwood
S. balangeran
S. collina
S. guiso
S. kunstleri
S. ochrophloia
S. plagata

Red Balau   heavy hardwood
Shorea S. macroptera Melantai   light hardwood
Shorea S. negrosensis Red Lauan dark red-brown to brick red  
Shorea S. ovata Tianong light red to light red-brown  
Shorea S. platyclados Meranti Bukit   light hardwood
Shorea S. polysperma Tanguile red to red-brown  
Shorea S. robusta Sal    
Shorea S. squamata Mayapis light red to red-brown  
Shorea S. uliginosa Meranti Bakau   light hardwood

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