Rufous-breasted Wren

Rufous-breasted Wren

name = Rufous-breasted Wren
status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
subclassis = Neornithes
infraclassis = Neognathae
superordo = Neoaves
ordo = Passeriformes
subordo = Passeri
infraordo = Passerida
familia = Troglodytidae
genus = "Pheugopedius"
species = "P. rutilus"
binomial = "Pheugopedius rutilus"
binomial_authority = (Vieillot, 1819)
synonyms = "Thryothorus rutilus"

The Rufous-breasted Wren, "Pheugopedius rutilus", is a small songbird of the wren family (Troglodytidae). It was formerly placed in the genus "Thryothorus" which in the old, broad sense was a motley assemblage of similar-looking wrens [Mann "et al." (2006)] .

It is found in the tropical New World from Costa Rica and Panama east to Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago. It barely reaches into Amazonia e.g. in Colombia, being otherwise limited to the NW of the notrhern Andes and its neighboring mountain rangesSalaman "et al." (2002)] .

Adult Rufous-breasted Wrens are 5.5 in (14 cm) long and weigh 0.56 oz (16 g). They have grey-brown upperparts and black bars on the tail. The throat and face sides are speckled black and white. The breast is rufous, the belly is brownish white and the flanks brown. They have a faint line over the eye and a short thin bill. The face pattern and rufous breast are the best distinctions from the similarly sized House Wren.

The Rufous-breasted Wren's song is a musical whistle of six to ten notes, "too-see-HEEear-too-see, too-see-HEEear-too-see ". The contact call is a sharp "cheep", given as these skulking birds forage in vegetation for insects and centipedes.

"Pheugopedius rutilus tobagensis", found on Tobago, is larger and has darker underparts than the nominate subspecies "P. r. rutilus" of Trinidad and northern Venezuela. There are five other mainland forms to the west of these.

The breeding habitat is forest undergrowth and thickets, also utilizing fragmented forest and secondary growth. The nest is a large sphere of leaves and grass with a side entrance, concealed in tangled vegetation. The female incubates the clutch of two to four brown-blotched white eggs, and the naked young take 16 days to fledge.



*|year=2004|id=52019|title=Thryothorus rutilus|downloaded=12 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* (2001): "Wrens, Dippers and Thrashers". London, Christopher Helm. ISBN 1-873403-95-X
* (1991): "A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago" (2nd edition). Comstock Publishing, Ithaca, N.Y.. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2
* (2003): "Birds of Venezuela". Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5
* (2006): Molecular data delineate four genera of "Thryothorus" wrens. "Mol. Phylogenet. Evol." 40(3): 750–759. DOI|10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.014 [ PDF fulltext]
* (2002): New and noteworthy bird records from the east slope of the Andes of Colombia. "Caldasia" 24(1): 157-189. [ PDF fulltext]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rufous-breasted wren — rusvakrūtė krūmyninė karietaitė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Thryothorus rutilus angl. rufous breasted wren vok. Rotbrust Zaunkönig, m rus. рыжегрудый кустарниковый крапивник, m pranc. troglodyte des halliers, m ryšiai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Rufous-breasted — may refer to:* Rufous breasted Accentor, a species of bird in the Prunellidae family * Rufous breasted Antthrush, a species of bird in the Formicariidae family * Rufous breasted Bush robin, a species of bird in the Muscicapidae family * Rufous… …   Wikipedia

  • Wren — Taxobox name = Wrens image width = 240px image caption = Winter Wren ( Troglodytes troglodytes ) regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes subordo = Passeri familia = Troglodytidae familia authority = Swainson, 1832… …   Wikipedia

  • Variegated Fairy-wren — Taxobox name = Variegated Fairy wren status = LC status system = IUCN3.1 status ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=50689|title=Malurus lamberti|downloaded=09 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this… …   Wikipedia

  • Red-winged Fairy-wren — Taxobox name = Red winged Fairy wren image width = 220px image caption = Male in nuptial plumage, Margaret River, Western Australia status = LC status system = iucn3.1 status ref = [BirdLife International 2004.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Colombia — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Colombia. The avifauna of Colombia includes a total of 1895 species, of which 74 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 87 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Venezuela — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Venezuela. The avifauna of Venezuela includes a total of 1417 species, of which 48 are endemic, 6 have been introduced by humans, and 34 are rare or accidental. 27 species are globally… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Panama — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Panama. The avifauna of Panama includes a total of 972 species, of which 12 are endemic, 6 have been introduced by humans, and 120 are rare or accidental. 20 species are globally threatened. The… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Costa Rica — Although Costa Rica is a small country, it is in the bird rich neotropical region and has a huge number of species for its area. 893 bird species have been recorded in the country (including Cocos Island), more than in all of the United States… …   Wikipedia

  • Sibley-Monroe checklist 15 — The Sibley Monroe checklist was a landmark document in the study of birds. It drew on extensive DNA DNA hybridisation studies to reassess the relationships between modern birds. Passeriformes (continued)Sittidae* Sitta europaea Wood Nuthatch *… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”