- Capstone right
The Capstone Right is expressed in an Official Act passed unanimously by the Continental Congress in 1774 (the same Congress that adopted the Declaration of Independence), in which the Founders said:
"'1774, Journals of the Continental Congress, 1:105-113:
"'“If money is wanted by Rulers who have
"'in any manner oppressed the People,
"'they may retain it
"'until their grievances are redressed,
"'and thus peaceably procure relief,
"'without trusting to despised petitions
or disturbing the public tranquility.”
This Capstone Right is, therefore, expressed in terms of it being the natural Right of Men over their servant governments, which is further guaranteed by the First Amendment: "Congress shall make no law ... abridging ... the Right of the People … to Petition the Government for a Redress of Grievances."
History on the subject shows otherwise, because with the replacement of the national Federalist Party by the 1820s with Democratic-Republican Parties, the US Government’s suppression of the significance of the Right to Redress Grievances began in 1835 with the gagging of anti-slavery petitions, and in 1840 the House passed a “gag rule,” requiring the permanent tabling of all such Petitions. The Rule was not challenged in court and became procedural precedent until the Right to Petition effectively became the “forgotten Right,” and even to this day in America, the IRS is always there to represent the US Government’s suppression of the significance of the Right to Redress Grievances by trying to label the People's Capstone Right to retain their moneys until our Grievances are Redressed as something other than our Constitutional Right.
As such, the Capstone Right to Redress Grievances remains a controversial subject within numerous modern day court actions, as many modern day American's contend that the People's Right to Petition and a Redress of Grievances is the Natural Right of Men over their servant governments and is the cornerstone of our form of governance -- the fifth of the five Rights in the Bill of Rights and is guaranteed by the First Amendment: “Congress shall make no law ... abridging ... the Right of the People … to Petition the Government for a Redress of Grievances" and according to Thomas Jefferson it is one that should never be surrendered:
"'Thomas Jefferson’s Reply to Lord North, 1775, Papers 1:225:
“The privilege of giving or withholding our money is an important barrier against the undue exertion of prerogative which if left altogether without control may be exercised to our great oppression; and all history shows how efficacious its intercession for redress of grievances and reestablishment of rights, and how improvident would be the surrender of so powerful a mediator.”
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