Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Halobacteria
Order: Halobacteriales
Family: Halobacteriaceae
Genus: Natronococcus
Binomial name
Tindall et al. 1984
  • N. amylolyticus
  • N. jeotgali
  • N. occultus

In taxonomy, Natronococcus is a genus of the Halobacteriaceae.[1]


Description and significance

This haloalkaliphilic archaeon is in the same family as microorganisms like Halobacterium. Study of Natronococcus continues to explore what enzymes are present in order to survive in these conditions, especially since there has not been much literature about enzymes of haloalkaliphiles.

Genome structure

The G + C content for the major chromosome is 64.0% while the minor component has a 55.7% content. The approximate size of the plasmid is 144 kbp.

Cell structure and metabolism

Natronococcus is a heterotrophic, aerobic organism that can use sugars as a nitrogen source to stimulate growth. Specifically it can fix nitrogen from casamino acids, glucose, ribose, and sucrose and reduces nitrates to nitrites.

Cells are non-motile and occur in irregular clusters, pairs, and single cells. The cell is coccoid in shape and 1-2 micrometres in diameter. colonies are pale brown and circular.

Ecology N occultus has been isolated from the soda lake Lake Magadi. This halophilic archaeon is partial to environments with 8-30% NaCl with optimum growth at 22%. It also grows in a pH range of 8.5-11 (optimum at 9.5) and a temperature range of 20-50 °C (optimum at 40 °C).


Further reading

Scientific journals

  • Oren A, Ventosa A (2000). "International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Halobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 16 August 1999, Sydney, Australia". Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50: 1405–1407. PMID 10843089. 
  • Tindall BJ, Ross HNM, Grant WD (1984). "Natronobacterium gen. nov. and Natronococcus gen. nov., two new genera of haloalkaliphilic archaebacteria". Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 5: 41–57. 

Scientific books

  • Gibbons, NE (1974). "Family V. Halobacteriaceae fam. nov.". In RE Buchanan and NE Gibbons, eds.. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (8th ed.). Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Co.. 

Scientific databases

External links