- CCCP Fedeli alla linea
Infobox musical artist
Name = CCCP Fedeli alla linea
Img_capt = CCCP Fedeli alla linea
Background = group_or_band
Reggio Emilia, Italy
Punk rock, New Wave, post punk, pop rock, art rock
Associated_acts = C.S.I., PGR
URL = [http://www.cccp-fedeliallalinea.it www.cccp-fedeliallalinea.it]
Giovanni Lindo Ferretti
Ringo De Palma
CCCP Fedeli alla Linea were an Italian band formed in
1982in Berlinby vocalist Giovanni Lindo Ferrettiand guitarist Massimo Zamboni. The band's style was self-defined by the members themselves as “Musica Melodica Emiliana - Punk Filosovietico” (“Melodic Music of Emilia-Romagna- pro- Sovietpunk”)
Their name, CCCP, is the acronym for "SSSR", ( _ru. Союз Советских Социалистических Республик; transliterated "Sojuz Sovetskich Socialističeskich Respublik"); (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, abbreviated USSR).
CCCP left behind the stereotypes of
punk rock, and reached for a genre-defying convergence of militantrock, industrial music, Folk, electropop, Middle Eastern music, and even chamber musicwhile delivering through their lyrics a bleak vision of humankind, also introducing elements of expressionist theaterand existentialist philosophy in their live shows.
CCCP's works influenced dozen of artists such as
Marlene Kuntz, Massimo Volume, and Offlaga Disco Pax. fact|date=August 2007
CCCP was formed in
1981when Ferretti met Zamboni (both were from Reggio Emilia) in a discoteque of Kreuzberg( Berlin). Once they returned home they founded a new band called Mitropank. During the next summer Ferretti, Zamboni and bassist Umberto Negri returned to Berlin: it was during that trip that CCCP Fedeli alla Linea were born. The band members decided to use a drum machineinstead of an actual drummer.
The name of the band celebrates the popular sub-culture of Emilia while also praising the
Soviet Union, creating a link between Russiaand the typical province of Emilia-Romagna.
During this period the band performed several times in
Germany, playing some underground clubs in Berlinsuch as the Kob or the Spectrumin. Their permanence in Berlininfluenced the sound of the band through the local industrial scene. East Berlin's culture and the Islamiccommunity of the West side of the town also influenced Ferretti's lyrics.
The band's first concerts in Italy were met with a negative response from the crowd, leading the band to add two new members to the line-up:
Annarella Giudici"Benemerita soubrette"Well-deserved soubrette] , and a performer named Danilo Fatur. Annarella, Fatur, and for a little time Silvia Bonvicini (a second "Benemerita soubrette"Well-deserved soubrette] ) contributed to characterize their concerts by playing comic-demential sketches during their gigs.
1984–1985: First EPs
1984the band released "Ortodossia", their first EPon the independent label Attack Punk Records. In the same year the" Ortodossia II" EPwas released, which included the same three songs already included in their first EP("Live in Pankow", "Spara Jurij", and "Punk Islam") plus an additional fourth track ("Mi ami?"). 1985saw the release of their third EP, " Compagni, Cittadini, Fratelli, Partigiani".
EPs were produced and recorded by the band with very few money and musical instruments in a single room improvised as a recording studio, which was situated near a city tram line which constantly disturbed the regustration.
1986: First Album
Their first studio
album, " 1964/1985 Affinità-Divergenze fra il Compagno Togliatti e Noi - Del Conseguimento della Maggiore Età", was recorded during 1985and published by Attack Punk Recordsin 1986. It reduced the visceral impact of hardcore while focusing on the eerie contrast between a harsh but spare instrumental background and Ferretti's delirious cut-up lyrics and Brecht-ian delivery. An eclectic stylistic range (from existential psychodrama to Dance groove, from erotic cabaretto folk ballad) helped craft an oppressing atmosphere of angst and boredom, particularly in the centerpiece, " Emilia Paranoica".
This album is considered by many music critics one of the masterpieces of contemporary Italian music, and a milestone for the whole European punk movement. The album's sales induced Virgin Dischi, the Italian branch of Virgin to sign the band. Some of the band's fans saw this move as betrayal and nicknamed the band “"CCCP fedeli alla lira"” with "lira" (the old Italian
currencybefore the introduction of Euro) instead of "linea" ( line).
1987–1988: Signed for Virgin
1987the band recorded and released their first single " Oh! Battagliero" and their second album, " Socialismo e Barbarie", which was realized with a relatively big budget if compared with the first album. It is a less cohesive work, that ran the gamut from Middle Eastern musicto a rock version of the Sovietanthem, from Catholic hymnsto feedback workouts.
1988 Virginre-released " Socialismo e Barbarie" on CD, and their first EPs on the compilation " Compagni, cittadini, fratelli, partigiani / Ortodossia II".
In the same year, CCCP released the single "
Tomorrow (Voulez vous un rendez vous)", a cover version of a song by the singer and painter Amanda Lear[Amanda Lear sung on both the two tracks of the single] .
1989: Third Album
The third album, "
Canzoni, Preghiere, Danze del II Millennio - Sezione Europa" ( 1989), signs their musical change to electropop. Keyboard, instead of guitar, became the most important instrument. Their sound is now influenced by Middle Eastern musicand it's more soft than in the previous records. It replaces the original sociopoliticalemphasis with mystical overtones, and their industrial hardcore with a far less revolutionary synth-pop.
1989–1990: Litfiba and demise
In 1989 CCCP,
Litfiba, and Ratswent on tour in the Soviet Union( Moscowand Leningrad). In Moscowthey played in a palace full of soldiers in uniform. The soldiers stood up when the band played at the end of the concert the Soviet hymn"A Ja Ljublju SSSR".
During this year
guitaristGiorgio Canali, bassistGianni Maroccolo, keyboardistFrancesco Magnelli, and drummerRingo De Palma (the last three leaved the Litfibabecause of some artistical difference of opinin with band's manager Alberto Pirelli) joined and transformed the group.
The group, now composed by eight members, recorded their fourth album "
Epica Etica Etnica Pathos" in an abandoned 700' villa. This album signes another amazing musical evolution for the band. CCCP reached their zenith with this album, a Frank Zappa-esque stylistic puzzle that also stands as a personal musical encyclopedia, with complex and unpredictable suites such as "MACISTE contro TUTTI". A gorgeous "swan song", and a transition to the new sonorities of the Consorzio Suonatori Indipendenti(C.S.I.), the new band born under the ashes of the CCCP.
The acronym used for the new band name, C.S.I., reminds to the new situation in the
Soviet Union, with the Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS) ( _ru. Содружество Независимых Государств (СНГ); transliterated "Sodruzhestvo Nyezavisimykh Gosudarstv"; _it. Comunità degli Stati Indipendenti (CSI)). With the creation of the CIS, the Soviet Unionand at the same time the band ceased to exist.
CCCP were effectively disbanded on
3 October 1990, in the same date of the German reunification, and the members went on to other projects.
Soviet Unioncollapsed, Ferretti and Zamboni decided to shuffle the line-up and adopt a less political stance. The renamed Consorzio Suonatori Indipendenti(C.S.I.) debuted with a set of songs from "Ko del Mondo" ( Polygram, 1993). They rapidly evolved towards a form of chamber rock music (mostly drum-less with "Linea Gotica" ( Polygram, 1996). Unfortunately, "Tabula Rasa Elettrificata" ( Polygram, 1997) simply aped the alternative rockfads of the moment.
Giovanni Lindo Ferretti(Cerreto Alpi, September 9, 1953): songwriter, vocals
* Massimo Zamboni (Reggio Emilia,
* Annarella Giudici (born Antonella Giudici): “Benemerita
* Danilo Fatur: “Artista del popolo”People's Artist]
* Umberto Negri: bass (
* Carlo Chiapparini:
guitar( 1981- 1989)
* Ignazio Orlando: bass, keyboards, drums (
* Gianni Maroccolo (Manciano,
May 9, 1960): bass
* Francesco Magnelli: keyboards
* Ringo De Palma (born Luca De Benedictis,
Turin, December 28, 1963- Florence, June 1, 1990): drums
* Giorgio Canali (
1958): guitar, Atari 1040
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from:1981 till:1991 text:"Giovanni Lindo Ferretti" color:2color from:1981 till:1991 text:"Massimo Zamboni" from:1981 till:1986 text:"Umberto Negri" color:2color from:1983 till:1991 text:"Danilo Fatur" from:1983 till:1991 text:"Annarella Giudici" color:2color from:1984 till:1989 text:"Carlo Chiapparini" from:1987 till:1988 text:"Ignazio Orlando" color:2color from:1989 till:1991 text:"Gianni Maroccolo" from:1989 till:1991 text:"Francesco Magnelli" color:2color from:1989 till:1991 text:"Ringo De Palma" from:1990 till:1991 text:"Giorgio Canali"
1964/1985 Affinità-Divergenze fra il Compagno Togliatti e Noi - Del Conseguimento della Maggiore Età", Attack Punk Records, red vinyl 1986, re-released in 1988by Virgin
Socialismo e Barbarie", Attack Punk Records 1987, re-released in 1988by Virgin with two extra tracks.
Canzoni, Preghiere, Danze del II Millennio - Sezione Europa", Virgin, 1989
Epica Etica Etnica Pathos", Virgin, 1990
Live in Punkow", Virgin, 1996
Compagni, cittadini, fratelli, partigiani / Ortodossia II", Virgin, 1988
Ecco i miei gioielli", Virgin, 1992
Enjoy CCCP", Virgin, 1994
Oh! Battagliero", Virgin 1987
Tomorrow (Voulez vous un rendez vous)" (feat. Amanda Lear), Virgin, 7" and 12" vinyl, 1988
Attack Punk Records, red vinyl 1984
Ortodossia II", Attack Punk Records, red vinyl, re-released in 1985by Virgin in black vinyl
Compagni, Cittadini, Fratelli, Partigiani", Attack Punk Records, picture disc, re-released in 1985by Virgin in black vinyl
Ragazza Emancipata", Stampa Alternativa, 1990
* "Tempi moderni"
References and footnotes
* [http://www.cccp-fedeliallalinea.it Annarella Benemerita Soubrette - CCCP - fedeli alla linea]
* [http://www.rudepravda.net RudePravda - Fedeli alla Linea]
* [http://mp3.gomma.tv/audio/gommatv%20013%20-%20Umberto%20Cccp.mp3 Interview with Umberto Negri on gomma.tv (in Italian)]
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