- Pelikan tail
The Pelikan tail is an experimental tail design for fighter jets. Originally conceived by Ralph Pelikan,cite journal|url=http://www.airspacemag.com/military-aviation/cit-hadingham.html?c=y&page=2|title=Winner Take All (All the nail biting, second guessing, and sheer engineering brilliance in the battle to build the better Joint Strike Fighter.)|journal=Air & Space magazine|author=Evan Hadingham|publisher=
Smithsonian Institution|pages=2&3|date=2003-01-01|accessdate=2008-05-05] who hired into McDonnell Aircraft, later worked for McDonnell Douglasand after another merger, retired from Boeing. His design has not to date been incorporated into any publicly available jets. However, it has been considered or included in design specifications in the original Boeing X-32fighter design.
Advantages and disadvantages
The Pelikan design differs from the traditional elevator-and-rudder design in that it uses only two control surfaces in order to achieve control of pitch, yaw, and roll. When evaluated by Boeing engineers at October 1998, they found as advantage a greater pitch control at high angles of attack, and that two tails would have a lower radar signature than four.cite web|url=http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/transcripts/3004_xplanes.html|title=Nova Transcript: Battle of the X-Planes|publisher=
PBS|date=2003-02-02|accessdate=2008-05-21] However, they also found that using two larger control surfaces instead of four, might actually make the plane end up heavier. The bigger hydraulic pumps and cylinders needed to operate the larger surfaces would add 800 or 900 pounds of weight to the design. This, and other factors made them use a four-post tail instead.
Tests by Virginia Tech students
Virginia Techstudents built a Pelikan tail model and got positive results for its viability using a wind tunnel [http://www.aoe.vt.edu/~mason/Mason_f/AIAA2004-0415.pdf Paper on the 42nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit explaining the construction of a Pelikan tail model] ] . The analysis by the students found several advantages like a lower vertical surface area, which aids in stealth; less drag due to skin friction; and a lower weight due to the need for two as opposed to the usual four hydraulic actuators. [http://www.aoe.vt.edu/~mason/Mason_f/PostalPenguinFinalPres.pdf Virginia Tech on building An Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle for the Navy] (explains technical details of the Pelikan tail)]
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