Cabin (truck)

Cabin (truck)

The cabin of a truck, often simply called a cab, is an enclosed space in a truck where the driver is seated. Some may refer to the tractor unit of a semi-trailer truck as a "cab", but this is not the subject of this article. A "sleeper" is a compartment attached to the cab where the driver can rest while not driving, sometimes seen in semi-trailer trucks. They can range from a simple 2 to 4 foot (0.6 to 1.2 m) bunk to a 12 foot (3.7 m) apartment-on-wheels. Modern cabs usually feature air conditioning, a good sound system, and seats (often air-suspended). There are a few possible cab configurations:

* "Cab over engine" (COE) or "flat nose", where the driver is seated on top of the front axle and the engine. The front doors are typically in front of and above the front tires. This design is almost ubiquitous in Europe, where overall truck lengths are strictly regulated. They were common in the United States, but lost prominence when permitted length was extended in the early 1980s. To access the engine, the whole cab tilts forward, earning this design the name of "tilt-cab". This type of cab is especially suited to the delivery conditions in Europe where many roads follow the layout of much more ancient path and trackways which require the additional turning capability of the cab over engine type. The operating conditions of these vehicles tend to be cooler than the conventional cab design and so the decreased engine suface area used for cooling in hotter climates is not required.
* "Conventional" cabs are the most common in North America. The driver is seated behind the engine, as in most passenger cars or pickup trucks. Conventionals are further divided into large car and aerodynamic designs. A "large car" or "long nose" is a conventional truck with a long (6 to 8 foot (1.8 to 2.4 m) or more) hood. With their very square shapes, these trucks experience a lot of wind resistance and typically consume more fuel. They also provide somewhat poorer visibility than their aerodynamic or COE counterparts. By contrast, "Aerodynamic" cabs are very , with a sloped hood and other features to lower drag. Most owner-operators prefer the square-hooded conventionals.Fact|date=February 2007 The front doors are in back of (and mostly above) the front tires.
* Cab beside engine designs also exist, but are rather rare.
* Slang terms
**"Tiltin' Hilton" or "flying coffin" - Cab-over with a sleeper berth.
**"Anteater" - Specifically refers to the Kenworth T600, an aerodynamically-designed tractor whose nose resembles an anteater.
**"Large car" - A conventional cab with a large square hood, such as the Peterbilt 379 or the Kenworth W900.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cabin — NOTOC Cabin may refer to:* Cabin (housing), small, roughly built house usually with a wood exterior and typically found in rural areas * Log cabin, a small house built from logs * Cottage, a dwelling, typically in a rural, or semi rural… …   Wikipedia

  • Truck Dismount — (also known as Rekkaturvat) is a computer game made by Jetro Lauha of tAAt. Truck Dismount is a simple stress reliever, allowing players to release their anger on a 3D stick figure.cite web|url=http://www.gametunnel.com/gamespace.php?id=210… …   Wikipedia

  • Cabin Fever (film) — Infobox Film name = Cabin Fever image size = caption = Promotional poster for the film. Note the subliminal skull that appears around the scenery. director = Eli Roth producer = Evan Astrowsky Sam Froelich Lauren Moews Jeff Hoffman Eli Roth… …   Wikipedia

  • cabin — /ˈkæbən / (say kabuhn) noun 1. a small house; hut. 2. such a building for accommodation, as for tourists in a caravan park. 3. an apartment or room in a ship, as for passengers. 4. (in a passenger ship) a room used for the accommodation of higher …   Australian-English dictionary

  • double cabin — truck with a driver s compartment …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Pickup truck — For the song by Praga Khan, see Pick Up Truck. For the song by Kings of Leon, see Come Around Sundown. Dodge B Series utility circa 1950, driven by Albert Namatjira A pickup truck (also pick up truck, pickup, bakkie in South Afri …   Wikipedia

  • The Cabin Show — Infobox Arrested Development episode episode name = The Cabin Show episode no = 3AJD01 airdate = September 19, 2005 writer = Mitchell Hurwitz and Jim Vallely director = Paul Feig on the next = “Lucille arrives at the cabin, Maeby finds someone to …   Wikipedia

  • Semi-trailer truck — A semi trailer truck, also known as tractor trailer or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) articulated lorry, is an articulated truck or lorry consisting of a towing engine ( tractor in the United States, prime mover in Australia, and truck in… …   Wikipedia

  • Datsun Truck — Datsun Truck …   Wikipedia

  • Cab — The word cab has a number of meanings, most of which are abbreviations:In transport:* Cabriolet, a horse drawn carriage * Taxicab * Cabin (truck) * Cab (short for cabin), the driving compartment of a locomotive * Tractor unit part of an… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”