The Wizard of Oz (adaptations)

The Wizard of Oz (adaptations)

"The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is a 1900 novel by L. Frank Baum, which has been adapted into several different works, the most famous being the 1939 film "The Wizard of Oz", starring Judy Garland.

Many of the adaptations have themselves been adapted for pantomime or amateur productions, for example.

Film adaptations

* "The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays": A 1908 multimedia presentation made by L. Frank Baum
* "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz":A 1910 film, based on the 1902 stage musical, directed by Otis Turner
* "The New Wizard of Oz": A loose 1914 adaptation by L. Frank Baum with so many new ideas that it became the basis for "The Scarecrow of Oz"
* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1921 film, directed by Ray C. Smallwood, never completed
* "Wizard of Oz":A 1925 film, directed by Larry Semon and notable mostly because it features a young Oliver Hardy
* "The Land of Oz, a Sequel to the "Wizard of Oz"":A 1932 film featuring the Meglin Kiddies.
* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1939 musical film by MGM, directed by Victor Fleming and starring Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, and Jack Haley.
* "Journey Back to Oz":A 1971 animated film, begun in 1963, the official sequel to the 1939 film
* "Ayşecik ve Sihirli Cüceler Rüyalar Ülkesinde":A 1971 Turkish film, directed by Tunç Başaran (known to bootleggers as "The Turkish Wizard of Oz")
* "Oz":A 1976 Australian rock musical film, also known as "Oz - A Rock 'n' Roll Road Movie" or "20th Century Oz".
* "The Wiz":A 1978 musical film based on the 1975 stage musical, directed by Sidney Lumet and starring Michael Jackson and Diana Ross
* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1982 anime film by Toho studios, best known for its dubbing cast including Aileen Quinn and Lorne Greene.
* "Return to Oz":A 1985 film by Walt Disney Pictures, an unofficial sequel to the 1939 film, directed by Walter Murch and starring Fairuza Balk
* "The Muppets' Wizard of Oz":A 2005 telefilm, directed by Kirk Thatcher and starring Ashanti and The Muppets.

Television adaptations

* "The Land of Oz":The 1960 premiere episode of "The Shirley Temple Show", known in previous seasons as "Shirley Temple Theatre", this adaptation of "The Marvelous Land of Oz" was written by Frank Gabrielson and directed by William Corrigan. William Asher produced. The cast included Shirley Temple, Ben Blue, Agnes Moorehead, Sterling Holloway, Jonathan Winters, and Arthur Treacher.
* "Tales of the Wizard of Oz":A 1961 animated series of short episodes based on the Oz characters from the book
* "Return to Oz":A 1964 animated television special sequel-come-remake of the 1939 film, based on the artistic renderings of the characters in the 1961 animated series
* "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" ("Oz no Mahōtsukai"):A 1987 anime adaptation created for the Japanese network TV Tokyo and broadcast in the USA on HBO
* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1990 animated series inspired by the 50th anniversary of the 1939 film.
* "The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz" ("Supēsu Ozu no Bōken"):A 1990 anime series, involving Dorothy and the gang travelling the "Galaxy of Oz". Truncated to 76 minutes and dubbed for American release as "The Wonderful Galaxy of Oz"
* "The Oz Kids" :A 1996 animated series featuring the children of the original characters
* "Tim Burton's Lost in Oz": A 2000 television pilot script, written by Tray Callaway with Tim Burton as executive producer. Key scenes were filmed by Michael Katleman.
* "Lost in Oz":A 2002 television pilot, never broadcast, aimed as an original sequel to the 1939 film
* "Tin Man (TV miniseries)":A 2007 television Mini-Series, directed by Nick Willing and starring Zooey Deschanel, Richard Dreyfuss, Alan Cumming, Raoul Trujillo, Neal McDonough, Kathleen Robertson Though at first appearing to be an adaption, it actually seems to be a 'sequal' to the original story, Oz now called the O.Z. and many of the elements of the story, like the tornado, explained.

tage adaptations

* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1902 stage play by L. Frank Baum, Glen MacDonough, Paul Tietjens et al. A lavish extravaganza with popular songs rotated in and out of the show.
* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1945 stage play using songs from the 1939 film; adapted by Frank Gabrielson for the St. Louis Municipal Operacite web |url= |title=We're Off To Stage The Wizard of Oz |accessdate=2007-07-15 |last=Raymond |first=Kurt |work=Beyond the Rainbow to Oz website] [cite web |url= |title=Wizard of Oz (R.S.C. 1988) |accessdate=2007-07-15 |year=2005 |publisher=Tams–Witmark Music Library, Inc.]
* "The Wiz":A 1975 musical with music and lyrics by Charlie Smalls, featuring exclusively African American actors
* "The Marvelous Land of Oz" (1980):A 1981 musical by Thomas W. Olson, Gary Briggle, and Richard Dworsky. The original production, which included Briggle as the Scarecrow, was taped and shown on television.
* "The Wizard of Oz" (1987 - 1989):A 1987 adaptation by John Kane for the Royal Shakespeare Company, also based on the 1939 film and hewing more closely to its script than the 1945 version did; this adaptation played in London's West End and starred Imelda Staunton as Dorothy [cite web |url= |title=Wizard of Oz (MUNY 1945) |accessdate=2007-07-15 |year=2005 |publisher=Tams–Witmark Music Library, Inc.]
* "The Wizard of Oz Live" (1989 - 1990): An arena touring production in celebration of the film's 50th anniversary. The production featured a pre recorded soundtrack. Due to a lack of audience, many of the show's scheduled stops were cancelled towards the end of tour.
* "" (1995):A 1995 concert performance of the RSC's adaptation at Lincoln Center, featuring celebrity actors (such as Jewel, Roger Daltrey, Joel Grey, Nathan Lane, Deborah Winger, Natalie Cole, and Lucie Arnaz )
* The Wizard of Oz on Ice (1995 - 1999):A touring production produced by Kenneth Feld, that toured nationally & internationally around the world.
* The Wizard Of Oz on Tour (1997 - 1999): A 1998 touring production that originally played in the Madison Square Garden theatre in May 1997. Roseanne Barr was cast as the Wicked Witch, followed by Eartha Kitt in 1998, and Liliane Montevecchi in 1999. Mickey Rooney was cast as the Wizard in 1998 & 1999. The production played at Madison Square Garden from May 1997 - May 1999. The touring production ran from May 1998 - late 1999.
* "Wicked" (2003 - Present):A 2003 musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, based on Gregory Maguire's 1995 novel
* "Der Zauberer von OZ" :A 2005 stage play with music by Ralf Linke, performed by the Festspiele Balver Höhle
* The Wizard of Oz (2009 stage musical) (Begins touring October 2009):A restaging of the 1939 MGM Musical, produced by Networks [] and Columbia Artists Theatricals [] , scheduled for a US national tour in 2009.

Literary adaptations

There are 40 "canonical" Oz books, including 14 by Baum, all of which are considered "official" sequels or prequels to "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz". In addition, the following books use the Oz melieu as settings for their tales:

* "Was" — A 1992 parallel novel by Geoff Ryman focussing on the lives of disparate individuals linked to one another by "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz", and the 1939 film
* "" — A 1995 novel by Gregory Maguire, presenting "The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West". "Wicked" has two sequels: "Son of a Witch" (2005) and "The Watermark" (not yet published)
*"Dare" — a 2007 novel by BET host Abiola Abrams is a loose adaptation with several references to the tale of Oz. The main character's middle name is Gayle, which was Dorothy's last name, and she is on a journey to find love, courage, and home. A record producer referred to as the wizard is named Ozzie Marvelous, and there is a wicked witch stylist and her "good" sister. The hotel Heretix is on a yellow bricked road and they leave Ohio in a tornado and land in beautiful sunshine the author refers to as Technicolor. There is also a frequent refrain that "no place was home." [ [ Dare: Books: Abiola Abrams ] ]


The Oz setting has also been adapted in comic book form. Besides direct adaptations of the stories — including "MGM's Marvelous Wizard of Oz", the very first joint publishing venture between DC Comics and Marvel Comics [ [ Rozakis, Bob. "Tabloid Talk," (Apr. 7, 2008).] ] — series using the setting include:
*"Oz Squad", which featured an adult Dorothy and her original companions from "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" as a covert operations group protecting Oz from threats both within its borders and from the "real world".
*"The Oz-Wonderland War", where the people of Oz battle the characters of Lewis Carrol's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass.
*"Dorothy of Oz" (Korean: 도로시 "Dorosi" "Dorothy"), a manhwa by Son Hee-joon (손희준) about an ordinary girl named Mara Shin who winds up in a science-fantasy realm called "Oz". She meets up with this realm's version of the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodsman, and the Cowardly Lion, and follows the Yellow Brick Road to find her way home. [ [ review of Dorothy of Oz] ]
*Dorothy Gale is one of the main characters in Alan Moore's "Lost Girls", along with Alice from "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" and Wendy Darling from "Peter Pan".

Other Adaptations

* "The Wizard of Oz":A 1985 text adventure game produced by Windham Classics for Apple II computers
* "The Wizard of Oz" and Wizard of Oz.:A video game released on the Super NES (soon to be released on the Wii and the DS) based on the 1939 film
* The video for the Blues Traveller song "Run-around" was heavily inspired by the Wizard of Oz. The video centers on "Dorthy Gale" (complete with a Kansas state ID marked "Under 21"), and includes a Cairn Terrier pulling back a curtain to reveal Blues Traveller performing.
*The video for the De La Soul song "Oooh." was heavily influenced by the Wizard of Oz with Rah Digga as Dorothy, the group as her companions and Redman as the Wizard.
*Also on Youtube and other video sites there is an adaptation known as No Place Like Home. With Internet Celebrity and musician Lemon Demon doing music and starring as the Scarecrow.
*The Wonderful Wizard of Ha's:The 33rd episode in the "VeggieTales" series was released on DVD on October 6 2007 in Christian Bookstores and on October 9 2007 in other stores. It is based on the parable from the Bible, The Prodigal Son, and a parody of "The Wizard of Oz" film adaptation.
*RIZ-ZOAWD, a Japanese role-playing game for the Nintendo DS.


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