F is the sixth letter in the
Latin alphabet. Its name in English is spelled ef or eff ["The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language". 1976.] (pronEng|ɛf).
The origin of F is the Semitic letter "vâv" that represented the sound /v/, and originally probably represented either a "hook" or a "club". It may have been based on a comparable
Egyptian hieroglyph, such as that for "mace": T3
The Phoenician form of the letter was adopted into Greek as a vowel, "
upsilon" (which resembled its descendant, Y, but was also ancestor to Roman letters U, V, and W); and with another form, as a consonant, " digamma", which resembled our letter F, but was pronounced /w/, as in Phoenician. (Later on, this /w/ phonemedisappeared from Greek, resulting in "digamma" being used as a numeral only.)
In Etruscan, F also stood for /w/; however, they came up with the innovation of using the digraph FH to represent the sound /f/, and the letter acquired this sound on its own when the Romans picked it up (since they had already borrowed U independently from Greek "upsilon" to stand for /w/). The letter
phi(Φ φ) came to approximate the sound of /f/ in Greek.
lower case"f" is not to be confused with "IPA|ſ", the archaic " long s" (or "medial s"). For example, "sinfulness" is rendered as "IPA|ſinfulneſs" using the "long s". The use of the "long s" died out by the end of the 19th century, largely to prevent confusion with "f".
Codes for computing
Unicodethe capital F codepoint is U+0046, the lowercase f codepoint U+0066.
ASCIIcode for capital F is 70 and for lowercase f is 102; or in binary 01000110 and 01100110, correspondingly.
EBCDICcode for capital F is 198 and for lowercase f is 134.
numeric character references in HTMLand XMLare "&#70;" and "&#102;" for upper and lower case respectively.
typography, particularly for serifed fonts, minuscule f is one of the most commonly ligated letters.Unicode provides the following ligatures of f, l and i: ﬀ, ﬁ, ﬂ, ﬃ and ﬄ (U+FB00 through U+FB04).
Variants of F
*The F with hook or script F (Unicode U+0191 and U+0192, Ƒ and ƒ) is used in the transcription of Kabye and other West African languages for the
voiceless bilabial fricative. Lowercase "ƒ" is the currency signfor the Dutch gulden(which no longer exists as of the introduction of the euro)
*F with dot above (Unicode U+1E1E and U+1E1F, Ḟ and ḟ) is used in the old orthography of Irish
French Franccan be indicated by FF or ₣ (Unicode U+20A3)
*In mathematics, the script capital F (Unicode U+2131, ℱ) often represents the
*There also exist:
**The turned F (Unicode U+2132 and U+214E, Ⅎ and ⅎ), a letter that the Roman Emperor
Claudiusattempted to add to the Latin alphabet
**The parenthesized small F (Unicode U+24A1, ⒡)
**The circled F (Unicode U+24BB and U+24D5, Ⓕ and ⓕ)
af:F als:F ar:F arc:F ast:F az:F bs:F ca:F cs:F co:F cy:F da:F de:F dv:F el:F es:F eo:F eu:F fa:F fur:F gan:F gd:F gl:F ko:F hr:F ilo:F is:F it:F he:F ka:F kw:F sw:F ht:F la:F lv:F lt:F hu:F mzn:F ms:F nah:F ja:F no:F nn:F nrm:F pl:F pt:F crh:F ro:F qu:F se:F scn:F simple:F sk:F sl:F sh:F fi:F sv:F tl:F th:F vi:F tr:F vo:F yo:F zh-yue:F bat-smg:F zh:F
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.