- Northwest University, China
Northwest University (西北大学), located in the ancient Chinese capital city of
Xi'an, is one of the nation's leading comprehensive universities. Founded in 1902, it is one of the oldest institutions of learning in Northwest China.
Presently, the university has 11
colleges, 33 departments, 63 Bachelor's and Associate's programs. Its student population amounts to 18,000, including about 2000 Ph.D.and master students, and about 100 international students.
The university stresses international
academicand personnel exchanges. Since the start of China's opening and reform in 1978, it has established cooperation and exchange relations with nearly 30 institutions of higher educationof scientific research in the United States, Japan, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Canada, Australia, Switzerland, Hong Kongand Taiwan.
Northwest University has its origin in Shaanx iCollege founded in 1902, and assumed its present name in 1912. It was renamed National Northwest University in 1923, and called National Xi’an Provisional University after the merger with National Beiping University, Beiping Normal University, Beiyang College of Engineering and other institutions, which moved inland to Shaanxi when the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression broke out in 1937. The Provisional University was subsequently named National Northwest Associated University in 1938, and NationalNorthwestUniversity in 1939.
In the early period after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, NorthwestUniversity was one of the 14 comprehensive universities under the direct administration of the central government’s Ministry of Education. In 1958, the University came under the administration of the Shaanxi Provincial Government. In 1978, it was designated as one of the key universities in China. Currently, the University is one of China’s leading comprehensive, multi-disciplinary universities of liberal arts, sciences, engineering, management, law and medicine, with equal emphasis on both teaching and research. It is also one of the institutions of higher learning listed in the State “211 Project”, and one of the universities supported by the State in its western China development campaign.
The University, located in the famous ancient Chinese capital Xi’an, has 3 campuses with a total area of 370 acres, and 22 schools and departments offering 67 undergraduate programs. It is one of the first institutions empowered to set up doctoral, postdoctoral and master’s programs, to approve the promotion to professorship, and to select Ph. D. supervisors. To date the University has established 37 doctoral programs (of which 6 belong to the first-category disciplines), 92 Master’s programs (including special programs like MBA, MPA and Master of Engineering) and 9 postdoctoral programs. The University also boasts 6 national bases for talent training, one national education base for cultural education of college students, 3 national key disciplines, 39 provincial key disciplines, one national engineering and technology center, 11 ministerial or provincial key labs and engineering and technology research centers.
The University has a faculty and staff of over 2,300, of which 1,100 are full-time faculty, and nearly 600 are professors and associate professors. The faculty is also distinguished by 2 academicians and 7 part-time academicians of the ChineseAcademy of Sciences, and 4 honored professors under the auspices of “the Cheung Kong Scholars Program”. The University’s student population amounts to about 18,000 including 2,000 doctoral and graduate students, and 150 international students.
Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the University has educated more than 100,000 graduates of different disciplines for the nation, and most of them have become the professional, academic and administrative backbone of the country, fulfilling leading roles in different regions and sectors. The University was once praised as “the Mother of Chinese Petroleum Engineering Talents” and “the Cradle of Economists”.
The University contracts for over 100 research projects of national importance each year, including “the 863 Project”, “the 973 Project”, “the Summit-Scaling Project”, and the projects of the National Natural Science Foundation and the National Social Sciences Foundation. Since China’s reforms and opening to the outside world in 1978, the faculty has won over 800 awards for research achievements and published over 20,000 academic papers and 1,200 books.
The University pays close attention to international exchange and cooperation, and has established collaborative relations with nearly 50 institutions of higher learning and research in foreign countries, and Hong Kong and Taiwan regions. The exchange and cooperation, covering various areas of study, have contributed to the rise of the University’s academic level and international renown. To its credit, Encyclopedia Britannica once listed Northwest University as one of the world-famous Chinese universities.
* [http://www.nwu.edu.cn Northwest University website]
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