Strickland (surname)

Strickland (surname)
Strickland Coat of Arms

The English surname Strickland is derived from the Norse word Stercaland, which is found in Westmorland to the south of Penrith. It did not become a family name until after 1179, when Walter de Castlecarrock married Christian de Leteham, an heiress to the local estate that now includes the villages of Great Strickland and Little Strickland. Following the marriage Walter changed his name to de Strikeland,[1] [2] which is the French spelling of the name.

The family coat of arms is a black shield with three escalopes (sea shells).

Battle of Agincourt

Contents

History

The De Castlecarrock family was descended from the Norman de Vallibus or de Vaux family which came originally from Falaise in Normandy. Hubert de Vaux became the first Norman Lord of Gilsand in Cumberland (now known as Cumbria) which is the area around Brampton and Castle Carrock. He had a son, Eustace had married one of the two sisters who were co-heiresses of Robert son of Bueth, who was the last direct male descendant of a native chieftain, Gilles son of Bueth, Robert was the original owner of Gilsland (Gilles-land) around the time of Henry I.

Sir William De Strickland (1242–1305) married Elizabeth d'Eyncourt who was descended maternally from the Clan Dunbar, cadets of the Scottish kings, and from the Uchtred, Earldorman of Northumberland and his third wife Aelfgifu, daughter of King Aethelred the Unready. It was from this marriage that Sizeragh Castle became the family home.

The family name of Strickland first came to notice at the Battle of Agincourt (25 October 1415) when Thomas Strickland Esquire carried the Flag of St. George, dismounted as he was a knight in training. He had brought with him men-at-arms from his estate at Great Strickland in Westmorland and other troops from Kendal (The Kendal Bowman).

The family fought against the Scots during their incursions into the English Marches, and Sir Walter Strickland also fought for the House of York during the Wars of the Roses. The family was a major landowner in Westmorland and Lancashire, and the name appears linked to local landmarks (Strickland Wood, Warton near Carnforth for example).

The family at Sizergh remained Catholic during the reformation. As the family grew various branches appeared, one of which married into the Constable family of Yorkshire, another branch settled early on in Hertfordshire. With immigration to the colonies and the growth of the British Empire, the name of Strickland has spread world wide.

The Kendal Parish Church (Holy Trinity) has a Strickland family chapel[3] and both Kendal and Penrith have main roads called Stricklandgate (The reference to gate is old English which means road).

A settlement first appeared on the west side of present day Kendal not long after the 1066 Norman Invasion when a Motte and Bailey fortification was built, this became known as Kirkbie Strickland (Kirkbie meaning church).

Although there are different spellings varying from De Strikeland, De Strickland to Strickland. The family name Stickland is not connected being Saxon and originating from Dorset[4]

Queen Katherine

Katherine Parr who married King Henry VIII was descended from the Strickland family via her ancestors Catherine de Strickland and Elizabeth Ros.[5]

Strickland myths

The historian Agnes Strickland published an inaccurate account of how the family name came about, she stated that a Knight who was with William the Conquerors invasion fleet was first ashore and struck his sword into the beach and therefore became known as De Strikeland

United States of America

In the United States a DNA project[6] has been established to determine Strickland descendancy from Matthew Strickland, an early inhabitant of 17th century Isle of Wight County, Virginia.

The Washingtons of Virginia

George Washington, the first President of the United States of America, was a direct descendant of the Stricklands. When Joan De Strickland (1272–1352) married Robert De Wessington, her estate included the parish of Natland and combined with that of Warton.

List of persons with the surname Strickland

See also

  • Sizergh Castle, the historic home of the Strickland family in England
  • Strickland, for other uses of the term
  • USS Strickland was an Edsall-class destroyer escort built for the U.S. Navy during World War II.
  • Great Strickland, village in Westmorland where the family name is derived from.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strickland — can refer to:* Strickland (surname)Places: * Fauquier Strickland, Ontario, Canada * Strickland, Wisconsin, United Statescivil parish in Cumbria, England: * Great Strickland * Little Strickland * Strickland Roger * Strickland KetelOther uses: *… …   Wikipedia

  • Strickland-Constable Baronets — The Strickland, later Cholmley, later Strickland Constable Baronetcy, of Boynton in the County of York, is a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 30 July 1641 for the politician William Strickland. He was summoned to Oliver… …   Wikipedia

  • Strickland — This interesting surname of English origin is a locational name from a place so called in Cumberland, deriving from the old English pre 7th Century styr(i)c , steorc meaning bullock plus land , land or pasture , hence land (pasture) for young… …   Surnames reference

  • Sir George Strickland, 7th Baronet — (26 May, 1782 ndash; 23 December, 1874) was an English Member of Parliament and lawyer.Strickland was the second son of Sir William Strickland, 6th Baronet, of Boynton in Yorkshire, but his older brother died before him and he inherited the… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Strickland — Thomas de Strickland (b:1367 d:30 Jul 1455 was the oldest son of Sir Walter de Strickland, he is best known for carrying the banner of St. George at the battle of Agincourt [http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/STRICKLAND.htm] . At war Battle of… …   Wikipedia

  • Great Strickland — The village of Great Strickland lies in the Eden Valley between the Cumbrian mountains in the West and the Pennines in the East, it is five miles south east of Penrith, the village itself is in the former county of Westmorland… …   Wikipedia

  • Sizergh Castle & Garden — is a castle, stately home and garden in Sizergh, Cumbria, England, about four miles south of Kendal, and in the care of the National Trust.The Deincourt family had owned the land here since the 1170s and on the marriage of Elizabeth Deincourt to… …   Wikipedia

  • Lawrence Washington (1602-1655) — Lawrence Washington (1602 – 1655) was the great great grandfather of George Washington. Biography Washington was a Fellow of Brasenose College, Oxford. His degree there was awarded in 1623. He resigned from his Fellowship in 1633. According to… …   Wikipedia

  • Cousin marriage — Charles Darwin and his wife Emma were first cousins. Cousin marriage is marriage between two cousins. In various jurisdictions and cultures, such marriages range from being considered ideal and actively encouraged, to being uncommon but still… …   Wikipedia

  • Stirland — This interesting surname is of Anglo Saxon origin, and is a locational name from Strickland in Westmorland. The placename was recorded as Stercaland in the Domesday Book of 1086, and derives from the Old English pre 7th century styr(i)c, steorc …   Surnames reference

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”