Cherry plum

Cherry plum
Cherry plum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus
Section: Prunus
Species: P. cerasifera
Binomial name
Prunus cerasifera

Prunus divaricata

Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum.[1] It is native to Europe[2] and Asia.[1]

Wild types are large shrubs or small trees reaching 6-15 meters tall, with deciduous leaves 4 to 6 centimeters long. It is one of the first European trees to flower in spring, often starting in mid-February. The flowers are white and about 2 centimeters across, with five petals. The fruit is a drupe 2 or 3 centimeters in diameter and yellow or red in colour. It is edible, and reaches maturity from early-July to mid-September.

This species can be found growing wild where it has escaped cultivation and become naturalized, such as in North America.[3][4]


Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour and better for making jam.

Cherry plum is a popular ornamental tree for garden and landscaping use, grown for its very early flowering. Numerous cultivars have been developed, many of them selected for purple foliage, such as 'Atropurpurea'.[5][6] These purple-foliage forms (often called purple-leaf plum), also have dark purple fruit, which make an attractive, intensely coloured jam. They can have white or pink flowers. The cultivar 'Thundercloud' has bright red foliage which darkens purple.[7] Others, such as 'Lindsayae', have green foliage. Some kinds of purple-leaf plums are used for bonsai[6] and other forms of living sculpture.


External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cherry plum — n. a small prunus tree (Prunus cerasifera), often used in grafting other varieties of plums; myrobalan …   English World dictionary

  • cherry plum — noun small Asiatic tree bearing edible red or yellow fruit • Syn: ↑myrobalan, ↑myrobalan plum, ↑Prunus cerasifera • Hypernyms: ↑plum, ↑plum tree * * * noun 1. : an Asiati …   Useful english dictionary

  • cherry plum — vyšninė slyva statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos vaisinis augalas (Prunus cerasifera), paplitęs centrinėje ir vakarų Azijoje, pietų Europoje. atitikmenys: lot. Prunus cerasifera; Prunus cerasifera subsp. myrobalana; Prunus… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • cherry plum — vyšninė slyva statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Kaulavaisinis erškėtinių (Rosaceae) šeimos augalas, pasižymintis labai dideliu polimorfizmu ir derlingumu. Vaisiai vartojami švieži ir perdirbimui. atitikmenys: lot. Prunus cerasifera angl …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • cherry plum — noun 1》 a SW Asian shrub or small tree with white flowers and small red and yellow edible fruit. [Prunus cerasifera.] 2》 the fruit of the cherry plum tree …   English new terms dictionary

  • cherry plum — cher′ry plum′ n. 1) pln a small plum tree, Prunus cerasifera, bearing edible yellow or reddish fruit 2) pln Also called myrobalan …   From formal English to slang

  • cherry-plum — /ˈtʃɛri plʌm/ (say cheree plum) noun 1. the red or yellow edible fruit of Prunus cerasifera. 2. the tree itself …  

  • cherry plum — алыча myrobalan plum алыча …   English-Russian travelling dictionary

  • cherry plum — 1. a small tree, Prunus cerasifera, bearing edible yellow or reddish fruit. 2. the fruit of this tree. Also called myrobalan. * * * …   Universalium

  • Plum — For other uses, see Plum (disambiguation). Plum A plum whole and split Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

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