- National Technical Institute for the Deaf
National Technical Institute for the Deaf Established 1965 Type Private President Gerard Buckley Location Rochester, New York Website ntid.rit.edu
The National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) is the first and largest technological college in the world for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. As one of eight colleges within the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) in Rochester, New York, NTID provides academic programs, access, ASL in-class interpreters and support services—including on-site audiological, speech-language, and cochlear implant support. As of winter quarter 2007, NTID encompasses 5% of RIT's enrollment, or about 799 students. There are also 492 deaf and hard of hearing students are cross-registered into another RIT college's program with support from NTID.
In addition to a master's degree in deaf education, NTID also offers a bachelor's degree program in ASL-English Interpretation.
The Institute was established in 1965 by the passage of Public Law 89-36. The law also established a National Advisory Group to find a suitable site for the school. The Advisory Group considered proposals from Illinois State University, Pennsylvania State University, the University of Southern California, the State University of New York, the University of Colorado at Boulder and others before deciding on RIT as its home in 1966. Three factors helped RIT secure the responsibility for the new Institute:
- RIT had just moved to a new campus, so the Institute would not find itself in second-hand quarters.
- Rochester businessmen had enlightened views about disability in the workplace and were eager to share those views with the Advisory Group.
- RIT had had a trustee, Edmund Lyon, who had served as President of the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing and as trustee of the Rochester School for the Deaf.
The Institute was originally conceived as tuition-free, providing technical training as well as academic and communication skills training to 600 students annually.
NTID admitted its first students in 1968. Its establishment initially caused a great deal of friction on campus between hearing students and deaf students and RIT faculty and NTID faculty, the points of contention centering around the construction of new buildings for NTID, whether or not NTID faculty salaries were more generous than those of their peers, and communication differences between American Sign Language and American English.
In the early 1980s, NTID's enrollment spiked as deaf students from the "rubella bulge" of the mid-1960s entered their college years. Enrollment has been trending higher again in recent years; NTID's 2008 enrollment was its highest ever at 1,450, easily surpassing the previous record of 1,358 set in 1984.
In 1993, NTID established its Center for Arts and Sciences to help boost the numbers of undecided (or underprepared) students who stay on to pursue a baccalaureate degree. By 2005, this program had raised the proportion of NTID students in bachelor's degree programs to 41% (from 12% twenty years earlier).
Institute leaders Name Title Tenure D. Robert Frisina Director
Senior Vice President
William E. Castle Director
Peter Pere Dean 1982–1984 James J. DeCaro Dean 1984–1998 Robert R. Davila Vice President 1996–2006 T. Alan Hurwitz Dean
1998 – December 31, 2009
2006 – December 31, 2009
James J. DeCaro Interim president January 1, 2010 – December 31, 2010 Gerard J. Buckley President January 1, 2011 – present
- ^ http://www.ntid.rit.edu/about
- ^ "The Year in Review: RIT by the numbers". Rochester Institute of Technology. http://www.rit.edu/news/umag/winter2007/pdfs/30_features_year_in_review.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-03.
- ^ "National Technical Institute for the Deaf", United States Code, Chapter (Washington, D.C.: Office of the Law Revision Counsel) 20A, http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/20C20A.txt, retrieved 2008-12-08
- ^ Gordon, Dane R. (2007), Rochester Institute of Technology: Industrial Development and Educational Innovation in an American City, 1829–2006 (1 ed.), Henrietta, New York: RIT Press, p. 235, ISBN 9781933360249, OCLC 80360669
- ^ "ROCHESTER TO GET U.S. DEAF COLLEGE", The New York Times: 22, November 15, 1966
- ^ Marschark, Marc; Lang, Harry G. (2002), Educating Deaf Students: From Research to Practice, New York, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 35, ISBN 9780195121391, OCLC 45668968
- ^ Gordon, Dane R. (2007), Rochester Institute of Technology: Industrial Development and Educational Innovation in an American City, 1829–2006 (1 ed.), Henrietta, New York: RIT Press, p. 295, ISBN 9781933360249, OCLC 80360669
- ^ Gordon, Dane R. (2007), Rochester Institute of Technology: Industrial Development and Educational Innovation in an American City, 1829–2006 (1 ed.), Henrietta, New York: RIT Press, p. 297, ISBN 9781933360249, OCLC 80360669
- ^ "NTID Sets Enrollment Record", NTID News (Rochester, N.Y.: National Technical Institute for the Deaf), http://www.ntid.rit.edu/media/full_text.php?article_id=771, retrieved 2009-04-11
- ^ Gordon, Dane R. (2007), Rochester Institute of Technology: Industrial Development and Educational Innovation in an American City, 1829–2006 (1 ed.), Henrietta, New York: RIT Press, p. 475, ISBN 9781933360249, OCLC 80360669
- ^ Gordon, Dane R. (2007), Rochester Institute of Technology: Industrial Development and Educational Innovation in an American City, 1829–2006 (1 ed.), Henrietta, New York: RIT Press, p. 513, ISBN 9781933360249, OCLC 80360669
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