- Frederick Rossini
Frederick Dominic Rossini (1899- 1990) was an American
thermodynamicistnoted for his work in chemical thermodynamics.
In 1920, at the age of twenty-one, Rossini entered
Carnegie-Mellon Universityin Pittsburgh, and soon was awarded a full-time teaching scholarship. He graduated with a B.S. in chemical engineeringin 1925, followed by an M.S. degree in science in physical chemistryin 1926.
As a result of reading Lewis and Randall's classical 1923 textbook "Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances" he wrote to
Gilbert N. Lewisand as a result he was offered a teaching fellowship at the University of California at Berkeley. Among his teachers were Gilbert Lewis and William Giauque. Rossini's doctoral dissertation on the heat capacities of strong electrolytes in aqueous solution was supervised by Merle Randall. His Ph.D. degree was awarded in 1928, after only 21 months of graduate work, even though he continued to serve as a teaching fellow throughout this entire period.
In 1950, he published his popular textbook "Chemical Thermodynamics". [Rossini, Frederic. (1950). "Chemical Thermodynamics". New York: Wiley.]
*In 1965 he became the recipient of the
Laetare Medal. [Eliel, Ernest L., [http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/biomems/frossini.html Frederick Dominic Rossini,] "Biographical Memoirs", National Academy of Sciences.]
*In 1971 he received the
*In 1977 he received the
National Medal of Sciencefor his "contributions to basic reference knowledge in chemical thermodynamics." [ [http://books.nap.edu/html/biomems/frossini.html Frederick Rossini] – Biography, US National Academy of Science.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.