- Laetare Medal
The Laetare Medal is an annual award given by the
University of Notre Damein recognition of outstanding service to the Roman Catholic churchand society. The award is given to an American Catholic layperson "whose genius has ennobled the arts and sciences, illustrated the ideals of the church and enriched the heritage of humanity." [Skinner, Rosemary, (editor), 2006, "Encyclopedia of Women And Religion in North America", Indiana University Press, p. 877, ISBN 0253346851.] First awarded in 1883, it is the oldest and most prestigious award for American Catholics. The medal is an external award which can be given to a person from outside the University of Notre Dame. It is named the Laetare Medal because the recipient of the award is announced in celebration of Laetare Sunday, the fourth Sunday in Lent. [http://www.nd.edu/~ndmag/sm2001/laetare.html Laetare medal to labor priest,] "Notre Dame Magazine", Summer 2001.]
The Laetare Medal was conceived by University of Notre Dame professor James Edwards as an American version of the papal award the
Golden Rose. It was approved of by the university's founder Father Edward Sorin. The Golden Rose has existed since the 11th century, and was customarily awarded to a royal person on Laetare Sunday, although this was rarely done during the 20th century. The university adapted this tradition — awarding a gold medal, instead of a rose — to a distinguished American Catholic on Laetare Sunday. The medal has the Latininscription "Magna est veritas et prevalebit," meaning "Truth is mighty, and it shall prevail." [Tomme, Alyson, 2001-05-18, [http://www.nd.edu/~observer/05182001/News/11.html Higgins wins Laetare Medal,] "The Observer".] Witt, John-Paul, 2007-03-20, [http://media.www.ndsmcobserver.com/media/storage/paper660/news/2007/03/20/News/Trustees.Chair.Awarded.Laetare-2782066.shtml Trustees chair awarded Laetare,] "The Observer".]
A candidate for the award must be a practising American Catholic who has made a distinctively Catholic contribution in their professional of intellectual life. A committee generally takes names of potential recipients from faculty and staff at the University of Notre Dame. They select two or three candidates from this group, which are voted on by the Officers of the University.Antonacci, Kate,
2005-03-18, [http://media.www.ndsmcobserver.com/media/storage/paper660/news/2005/03/18/News/Laetare.Winner.Named-897509.shtml Laetare winner named: Murray to be honoured by milestone surgery,] , "The Observer".]
John Gilmary Shea, a historianof the Catholic church in the United States, was the first person to be awarded the Laetare Medal in 1883. The 1884 medal was given to the architect Patrick Keely. The poet and art critic Eliza Allen Starrreceived the medal in 1885.Hope, Arthur J., 1943, "Notre Dame — 100 Years", [http://archives.nd.edu/hope/hope16.htm Chapter XVI,] University of Notre Dame Press.] [ [http://archives.nd.edu/findaids/ead/index/STA001.htm Eliza Allen Starr Papers,] University of Notre Dame.] An Omaha philanthropist named John A. Creightonwas awarded the medal in 1900. [Dowling, MP [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04480a.htm "Creighton University"] , "Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 1/22/08.]
The recipients of the Laetare Medal come from varied fields. They include
jazzmusician Dave Brubeck, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin, founder of the Catholic Worker Movement Dorothy Day, ambassador and author Clare Boothe Luce, US President John F. Kennedy, operatic tenor John McCormack, Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, surgeon Joseph Murray, novelist Walker Percy, death penalty abolitionist Sister Helen Prejean, and American Civil WarGeneral William Rosecrans.Steinfels, Peter, 1992-05-08, [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE3D61030F93BA35756C0A964958260 O'Connor Joins in Protesting a Notre Dame Award for Moynihan] , "New York Times".] [http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/04/03/features/peeptue.php People: Eija-Liisa Ahtila, Dave Brubeck, Julie Powell,] "International Herald Tribune", 2006-04-04.] In 1965, the thermodynamicist Frederick Rossinibecame the first faculty member of the University of Notre Dame to receive the medal. [Eliel, Ernest L., [http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/biomems/frossini.html Frederick Dominic Rossini,] "Biographical Memoirs", National Academy of Sciences.] The 2008 recipient was Martin Sheen, a noted actor and political activist.
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