Indian general elections 1977–1999

Indian general elections 1977–1999

Parties are listed in the following order; First listed are parties registered as National parties, secondly parties registered as State parties and then unrecognized parties that won seats. Unrecognized parties that failed to win any seats are not listed.


The 13'th Indian General Elections were held a few months after the Kargil War. The elections became necessary when the then prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee lost a no-confidence vote in Lok Sabha (lower house of parliament) earlier that year and the opposition failed to unite to form the next government. Thus shortly after the no confidence motion, President K. R. Narayanan dissolved the Lok Sabha. Atal Behari Vajpayee remained a caretaker prime minister till the elections were held later that year. His role as de facto Head of State during the Kargil war helped the NDA attain a majority in the election and reinstating him as Prime Minister. The 13th Lok Sabha election is of historical importance as it was the first time a united front of parties managed to attain a majority and formed a government that lasted a full term of five years. Thus ending a period of perceived political instability at the Center that was marked by 3 general elections held in as many years.

Lok Sabha elections Sept-Oct 1999.

Electoral participation: 59,7%
Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP 4,1614
Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP23,75182
Communist Party of IndiaCPI 1,484
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)5,4032
Indian National CongressINC28,3112
Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S)0,911
Janata Dal (United)JD(U)3,1020
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1,9310
All India Forward BlocFBL0,352
All India Trinamool CongressAITC2,578
Arunachal CongressAC0,020
Asom Gana ParishadAGP0,320
Biju Janata DalBJD1,2010
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK 1,7312
Federal Party of ManipurFPM0,010
Haryana Vikas PartyHVP0,050
Hill People's Democratic PartyHPDP0,010
Himachal Vikas CongressHVC0,071
Indian National Lok DalINLD0,555
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceJKNC0,124
Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM0,270
Janata PartyJP0,050
Kerala CongressKEC0,101
Kerala Congress (Mani)KEC(M)0,101
Lok ShaktiLS0,010
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra KazhagamMDMK0,444
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,040
Manipur State Congress PartyMSCP 0,061
Muslim League Kerala State CommitteeMLKSC0,232
Nationalist Congress PartyNCP2,277
NTR Telugu Desam Party (Lakshmi Parvathi)NTRTDP(LP)0,020
Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK0,655
People's Democratic MovementNCP0,010
Rashtriya Janata DalRJD2,797
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP 0,413
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)SJP(R) 0,081
Samajwadi PartySP 3,7626
Shiromani Akali DalSAD0,692
Shiv SenaSHS1,5615
Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF 0,031
Sikkim Sangram ParishadSSP0,020
Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar)TMC(M)0,560
Telugu Desam PartyTDP 3,6529
United Democratic PartyUDP0,030
United Goans Democratic PartyUGDP0,000
United Minorities Front, AssamUMFA0,010
Akhil Bharatiya Lok Tantrik CongressALBTC0,222
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimenAIMIM0,121
Bharipa Bahujan MahasanghaBBM0,191
Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) LiberationCPI(ML)L0,331
M.G.R. Anna Dravida KazhagamMADMK0,111
Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI 0,081
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD0,372
Shiromani Akali Dal (Simranjit Singh Mann)SAD(M)0,081
Independents - 2,745
Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2

See also Indian general election, 1999 and convened 13th Lok Sabha


Lok Sabha elections 1998.

Electoral participation: 61,97%

Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP4,675
Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP25,59182

Communist Party of IndiaCPI1,759
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)5,432
Indian National CongressINC 25,82141
Janata DalJD3,246

Samata PartySAP1,7612

Arunachal CongressAC0,052

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1,8318

Asom Gana ParishadAGP0,290

All India Indira Congress (Secular)AIIC(S)0,121

Autonomous State Demand CommitteeASDC0,051

Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1,446

All India Forward BlocAIFB0,332

Hill Peoples' Democratic PartyHPDP0,20

Haryana Vikas PartyHVP0,241

Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceNC0,213

Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM0,360

Janata PartyJP0,121

Kerala CongressKC0,090

Kerala Congress (Mani)KC0,11

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,020

Mizo National FrontMNF0,020

Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,030

Muslim League Kerala State Committee MUL0,222

NTR Telugu Desam Party (Lakshmi Parvathi)NTRTDP(LP)0,10

Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK0,424

Republican Party of IndiaRPI0,374

Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,555

Shiromani Akali DalSAD0,818

Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF0,031

Shiv SenaSS1,776

Samajwadi PartySP4,9320

Telugu Desam PartyTDP2,7712

Tamil Maanila CongressTMC(M)1,43

United Democratic PartyUDP0,060

United Goans Democratic PartyUGDP0,040

All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimenAIMIM0,131

All India Rashtriya Janata PartyAIRJP0,561

Biju Janata DalBJD1,09

Haryana Lok Dal (Rashtriya)HLD(R)0,534

Lok ShaktiLS0,693

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra KazhhagamMDMK0,443

Manipur State Congress PartyMSCP0,051

Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI0,071

Rashtriya Janata DalRJD2,7817

Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)SJP(R)0,321

United Minorities Front, AssamUMFA0,11

West Bengal Trinamool CongressWBTMC2,427

Independents- 2,376

Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2


"Pre-electoral Alliances"

Congress and allies
*Indian National Congress (141)
*Bharatiya Kamgar Kisan Party (0)
*Kerala Congress (Mani) (1)
*Muslim League Kerala State Committee (2)Total: 145

BJP and allies
*Biju Janata Dal (9)
*Bharatiya Janata Party (182)
*All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (18)
*Haryana Vikas Party (1)
*Janata Party (1)
*Lok Shakti (3)
*Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam (3)
*NTR Telugu Desam Party (Lakshmi Parvathi) (0)
*Pattali Makkal Katchi (4)
*Samata Party (12)
*Shiromani Akali Dal (8)
*Shiv Sena (6)
*West Bengal Trinamool Congress (7)Total: 254

United Front
*All India Indira Congress (Secular) (1)
*All India Forward Bloc (2)
*Asom Gana Parishad (0)
*Communist Party of India (9)
*Communist Party of India (Marxist) (32)
*Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (6)
*Janata Dal (6)
*Kerala Congress (0)
*Revolutionary Socialist Party (5)
*Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar) (3)Total: 64

Jan Morcha
*All India Rashtriya Janata Party (0)
*Andhra Nadu Party (0)
*Bahujan Samaj Party (5)
*Chhattisgarh Mukti Morcha (0)
*Gorkha National Liberation Front (-)
*Jai Telangana Party (0)
*Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (0)
*Rashtriya Janata Dal (17)
*Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) (1)Total: 23

See also Indian general election, 1998 and convened 12th Lok Sabha

General Elections 1996

The Indian General Elections of 1996 resulted in a fractured verdict. BJP emerged with a plurality of 161 seats, followed by Congress (140). BJP was invited to form the government, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee formed a cabinet, butcould not convince any other groups to support it and lost the confidence motion. Thus, the BJP governmentlasted for only 13 days.

Subsequently, practically all of the non-BJP,non-Congress parties got together and formed the United Front (India)with external support from Congress; this government lasted twoyears through two Prime Ministers, H.D. Deve Gowda and I.K. Gujral.

Party-Wise Breakup

Lok Sabha elections 1996

Electoral participation: 57,94%

All India Indira Congress (Tiwari)AIIC(T)1,464

Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP20,29161

Communist Party of IndiaCPI1,9712
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)6,1232
Indian National CongressINC 28,80140
Janata DalJD8,0846
Janata PartyJP0,190

Samata PartySAP2,178
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK0,640
All India Forward BlocAIFB0,383

Asom Gana ParishadAGP0,765
Autonomous State Demand CommitteeASDC0,051
Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP4,0111

Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK2,1417
Federal Party of ManipurFPM0,040

Haryana Vikas PartyHVP0,353

Indian Congress (Socialist)IC(S)0,120

Jammu & Kashmir Panthers PartyJPP0,030

Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM0,381

Karnataka Congress PartyKCP0,171

Kerala Congress (Mani)KC0,11

Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,041

Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,020

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra KazhhagamMDMK0,370

Mizo National FrontMNF0,030

Muslim League Kerala State Committee MUL0,232

NTR Telugu Desam Party (Lakshmi Parvathi)NTRTDP(LP)0,970

Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK0,170
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,635

Shiromani Akali DalSAD0,768

Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF0,041

Shiv SenaSS1,4915

Samajwadi PartySP3,2817

Telugu Desam PartyTDP2,9716

Tamil Maanila Congress (Moopanar) TMC(M)2,1920
Tripura Upajati Juba SamitiTUJS0,020
United Goans Democratic PartyUGDP0,031

All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimenAIMIM0,11

Madhya Pradesh Vikas CongressMPVC0,11
Independents- 6,289

Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2


See also Indian general election, 1996 and convened 11th Lok Sabha


Lok Sabha elections 1991.

Electoral participation: 55,71%. No elections held in Jammu and Kashmir. In Punjab elections were held in 1992.

Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP20,04120

Communist Party of IndiaCPI2,4814
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)6,1435

Indian Congress (Socialist)IC(S) 0,351

Indian National CongressINC 35,66244
Janata DalJD11,7759
Janata Dal (Secular)JD0,00

Janata PartyJP3,345
Lok DalLD0,060

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1,6111
All India Forward BlocAIFB0,413

Asom Gana ParishadAGP0,541
Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP1,83
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK2,060
Indian Union Muslim League MUL0,32
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers PartyJPP0,00
Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM0,536
Kerala CongressKC0,110
Kerala Congress (Mani)KC(M)0,141
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,020
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,061
Mizo National FrontMNF0,030
Natun Asom Gana ParishadNAGP0,180
Nagaland Peoples CouncilNPC0,121
Nagaland Peoples PartyNPP0,00
Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK0,460
Plains Tribals Council of AssamPTCA0,30
Pondicheryy Mannila Makkal MunnaniPMMM0,00
Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI0,110
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,635
Shiromani Akali DalSAD0,30
Shiromani Akali Dal (Simranjit Singh Mann)SAD(M)0,30
Shiv SenaSS0,794
Sikkim Sangram ParishadSSP0,041
Telugu Desam PartyTDP2,9613
United Minorities Front, AssamUMFA0,071
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimenAIMIM0,161

Autonomous State Demand CommitteeASDC0,51
Haryana Vikas PartyHVP0,121

Janata Dal (Gujarat)JD(G)0,51

Independents- 4,011

Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2


10th Lok Sabha constituted. Congress formed the government with P. V. Narasimha Rao to become Prime Minister. He was the second Congress PM from outside the Nehru-Gandhi family. He introduced Economic reforms in India.


Lok Sabha elections 1989

Electoral participation: 61,95%

Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP11,3685

Communist Party of IndiaCPI2,5712
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)6,5533
Indian Congress (Socialist)IC(S) 0,331
Indian National CongressINC 39,53197
Janata DalJD17,79143
Janata PartyJP1,010
Lok Dal (Bahuguna)LD(B)0,20
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1,511
All India Forward BlocAIFB0,423
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK2,390
Indian Congress (J) Trikha GroupICJ(TG)0,00
Indian Union Muslim League MUL0,322
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceNC0,23
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers PartyJPP0,00
Kerala CongressKC0,020
Kuki National AssemblyNC0,040
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,041
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,050
Mizo National FrontMNF0,020
Nagaland Peoples CouncilNPC0,080
Peoples Party of ArunachalPPA0,30
Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI0,210
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,624
Shiromani Akali DalSAD0,030
Shiromani Akali Dal (Badal)SAD(B)0,140
Sikkim Sangram ParishadSSP0,031
Telugu Desam PartyTDP3,292
Akhil Bharatiya Hindu MahasabhaABHS0,071
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimenAIMIM0,211
Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP2,073
Gorkha National Liberation FrontGNLF0,141
Indian Peoples FrontIPF0,251
Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM0,343
Kerala Congress (Mani)KC(M)0,121
Marxist Coordination CommitteeMCO0,081
Shiromani Akali Dal (Simranjit Singh Mann)SAD(M)0,776
Shiv SenaSS0,111
Independents- 5,2512

Nominated Anglo-Indians - -2

9th Lok Sabha constituted.

1985 (By-Election)

Elections were only held in Assam and Punjab, two states were elections could not take place 1984 due to armed conflicts.

Lok Sabha elections 1985

Electoral participation: 61,95%

Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP1,830

Communist Party of IndiaCPI2,570
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)3,210
Indian Congress (Socialist)IC(S) 3,181
Indian National CongressINC 32,1410
Janata PartyJP2,920
Lok DalLD0,320
Plain Tribals Council of AssamPTCA2,151
Shiromani Akali DalSAD17,97
Independents- 33,788


Lok Sabha elections 1984.

Electoral participation: 63,56%

Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP7,742

Communist Party of IndiaCPI2,716
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)5,8722
Indian Congress (Socialist)IC(S) 1,524
Indian National CongressINC 49,01404
Janata PartyJP6,8910
Lok DalLD5,973
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1,6912
All India Forward BlocAIFB0,452
All India Muslim LeagueAIML0,10
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK2,422
Indian Congress (J)ICJ0,641
Indian Union Muslim League MUL0,282
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceNC0,433
Jammu & Kashmir Peoples ConferenceJKP0,00
Kerala Congress (Joseph)KC(J)0,252
Kerala Congress (Mani)KC(M)0,110
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,040
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,060
Naga National Democratic PartyNNDP0,050
Peoples Party of ArunachalPPA0,30
Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI0,21
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,53
Telugu Desam PartyTDP4,3120
Independents- 7,295

Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2

8th Lok Sabha constituted.


Lok Sabha elections 1980.

Electoral participation: 59,62%

Communist Party of IndiaCPI2,4910
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)6,2437
Indian National Congress (Indira)INC 42,69353
Indian National Congress (Urs)INC(U)5,2813
Janata PartyJP18,9731
Janata Party (Secular)JP(S)9,3941
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK2,362
All India Forward BlocAIFB0,513
All India Muslim LeagueAIML0,10
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK2,1416
Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML0,242
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceNC0,253
Kerala CongressKC0,181
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,061
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,020
Peoples Party of ArunachalPPA0,040
Peoples ConferencePC0,030
Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI0,240
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,654
Shiromani Akali DalSAD0,711
Sikkim Congress (Revolutionary)SC(R)0,010
Sikkim Janata ParishadSJP0,021
Tripura Upajati Juba SamitiTUJS0,060
United Democratic FrontUDF0,070
Jharkhand PartyJKP0,131
Independents- 6,439

Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2

7th Lok Sabha constituted


Lok Sabha elections 1977

Electoral participation: 60,49%
Bharatiya Lok Dal/Janata PartyBLD41,32295
Communist Party of IndiaCPI2,827
Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI(M)4,2922
Indian National Congress (Indira)INC(I)34,52154
Indian National Congress (Organization)INC(O)5,2813
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK2,918
All India Forward BlocAIFB0,342
Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1,762
Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML0,32
Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceNC0,262
Kerala CongressKC0,181
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP0,061
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP0,060
Muslim League (Opposition)ML(O)0,170
Peasants and Workers Party of IndiaPWPI0,555
Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP0,454
Shiromani Akali DalSAD1,269
United Democratic FrontUDF0,071
Vishal HaryanaVH0,11
Jharkhand PartyJP0,071
Republican Party of India (Khobragade)RPI(K)0,512
Independents- 5,59

Nominated Anglo-Indians- -2

6th Lok Sabha constituted.

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