Short Range Air Defense

Short Range Air Defense

Short Range Air Defense (SHORAD) is a term used to describe a group of anti-aircraft weapons and tactics that have to do with defense against low-altitude air threats, primarily helicopters and low-flying close air support aircraft such as the A-10 or MiG-27. SHORAD and it's complements, HIMAD (High to Medium Air Defense) and THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) divide air defense of the battlespace into domes of responsibility based on altitude and defensive weapon ranges.

United States SHORAD

In the United States Army, SHORAD teams are attached as organic air defense assets at the battalion or brigade level. US SHORAD teams are based around the FIM-92 Stinger missile and its mounted platforms, the M1097 Avenger and M6 Linebacker. Airborne and Air Assault units primarily employ MANPADS teams for SHORAD; armored units rely on the Linebacker and Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle.

Related Military Occupational Specialties

The following Military Occupational Specialties (MOS's) are related to SHORAD:
* 14J: Air Defense Tactical Operations Center Operator
* 14S: Avenger Crew Member / MANPADS Fire Unit
* 14R: Bradley Linebacker Crew Member

ee also

* HIMAD - High to Medium Air Defense
* THAAD - Terminal High Altitude Area Defense

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