- Short Range Air Defense
Short Range Air Defense (SHORAD) is a term used to describe a group of
anti-aircraft weaponsand tactics that have to do with defense against low-altitude air threats, primarily helicoptersand low-flying close air supportaircraft such as the A-10 or MiG-27. SHORAD and it's complements, HIMAD(High to Medium Air Defense) and THAAD(Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) divide air defenseof the battlespaceinto domes of responsibility based on altitude and defensive weapon ranges.
United States SHORAD
In the United States Army, SHORAD teams are attached as organic
air defenseassets at the battalionor brigadelevel. US SHORAD teams are based around the FIM-92 Stingermissile and its mounted platforms, the M1097 Avengerand M6 Linebacker. Airborne and Air Assault units primarily employ MANPADSteams for SHORAD; armored units rely on the Linebacker and Bradley Stinger Fighting Vehicle.
Related Military Occupational Specialties
The following Military Occupational Specialties (MOS's) are related to SHORAD:
* 14J: Air Defense Tactical Operations Center Operator
* 14S: Avenger Crew Member / MANPADS Fire Unit
* 14R: Bradley Linebacker Crew Member
HIMAD- High to Medium Air Defense
THAAD- Terminal High Altitude Area Defense
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