Coach gun

Coach gun
Coach gun
CoachGun.JPG
Type Shotgun
Place of origin  United States

 Australia

Service history
Used by Various law enforcement agencies

Stagecoach Companies

Production history
Designed 1850s
Manufacturer Various
Produced 1850s-Present
Specifications
Length 39 in. (995mm)
Barrel length 18 in. (450mm)

Caliber 12-gauge
Action Break-action
Sights Bead

A coach gun is a double-barrel shotgun, generally with barrels approximately 18" in length placed side by side (SxS). The name comes from the use of such shotguns on stagecoaches by shotgun messengers in the American Wild West and during the Colonial period of Australia.

History

The term "Coach gun" was coined in 1858 when Wells, Fargo & Co. began regular stagecoach service from Tipton, Missouri to San Francisco, California and issued shotguns to its drivers for defense along the perilous 2,800 mile route.[1] There was no single manufacturer for the traditional coach gun, as it was a generic term describing a class of shotguns offered in a variety of barrel lengths from 12 to 20 inches, either by the factory or from owners and gunsmiths cutting down the barrels.[2] These shotguns featured external hammers and were manufactured by Remington Arms, Ithaca, Meriden, Buckley, Burgess, Colt's Manufacturing Company, Hunter Arms, Husqvarna, Lefever, Parker, Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company, Savage-Stevens, Villegia, and Westly Richards to name a few.[2][3] Modern coach guns are manufactured by Stoeger (Brazil), Boito (Brazil), Baikal (Russia) (which is now being distributed by Remington under the name Spartan Gunworks), Huglu Armsco (Turkey), Khan (Turkey). Diamond (Turkey), Rossi (Brazil), and a variety of Chinese companies for US distribution through Century International Arms and Interstate Armscorp.[4]

Modern coach guns are commonly encountered in Cowboy action shooting competitions, among collections of Western guns, as home-defense weapons, and even as "scrub guns" for hunting grouse, woodcock, rabbit, hare, and/or wild pig in scrub, bush or marshlands, where the 24"+ barrels of a traditional shotgun would prove unwieldy.[1][3] The modern coach gun can be had in a variety of configurations suitable for both Cowboy Action Shooting competition and hunting.[5][6]

Doc Holliday used a 10 gauge coach gun to shoot Tom McLaury point-blank in the chest with buckshot during the Gunfight at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona, on Wednesday, October 26, 1881. They stood in such close proximity that the town mortician was able to cover McLaury's wound with one hand. Wyatt Earp also used both barrels of a 10 gauge coach gun to kill "Curly" Bill Brocius point-blank the next year. Brocius's body was nearly severed at the mid-section.

Coach guns are similar to sawn-off shotguns but differ in that coach guns manufactured after 1898 are offered as new with 18" barrels and 26" overall length, and meet legal requirements for civilian possession in the USA, Australia, and New Zealand. In the United Kingdom, however, shotguns must have a minimum barrel length of 24" to be eligible for ownership on a Shotgun Certificate, and shotguns with barrels under this length (which includes Coach guns) must be obtained on the more stringent Firearms Certificate. Some modern coach guns feature internal hammers as opposed to the traditional external hammers.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Jones, Spencer (2004-06-01). "Revival Of The Coach Gun". Popular Mechanics. http://www.popularmechanics.com/outdoors/sports/1277346.html?page=1. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  2. ^ a b Wilson, RL (1992). The Peacemakers: Arms and Adventure in the American West. New York: NAL. pp. 121, 197, 244. ISBN 978-0785818922. 
  3. ^ a b c Gardner, Jim (2003-01-01). "Just like grandpas EAA hammer double: a darn good traditional hammer-gun fit for all manner of uses". Guns Magazine. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BQY/is_1_49/ai_94765146. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  4. ^ Jones, Spencer (2004-06-01). "Revival Of The Coach Gun". Popular Mechanics. http://www.popularmechanics.com/outdoors/sports/1277346.html?page=3. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  5. ^ Taffin, John (2001-01-01). "Long Guns Of Cowboy Action Shooting". Guns Magazine Annual. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0BQY/is_2001_Annual/ai_63922926/pg_4. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  6. ^ Kohn, Abigail (2001-05-01). "Their aim is true: Taking stock of America's gun culture". Reason Foundation. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1568/is_1_33/ai_81827986. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • coach gun — noun A double barrelled shotgun with very short barrels …   Wiktionary

  • Stoeger Coach Gun — Type Shotgun Place of origin Brazil Production history Manufacturer E.R. Amantino Variants …   Wikipedia

  • Gun laws in the United States (by state) — U.S. Firearms Legal Topics Assault weapons ban ATF Bureau Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act Concealed carry in the U.S. Domestic Violence Offender Gun Ban …   Wikipedia

  • Coach (comics) — The Coach Publication information Publisher Marvel Comics First appearance X Force #116 In story information Alter ego …   Wikipedia

  • Antique gun — An antique firearm is, loosely speaking, a firearm designed and manufactured prior to the beginning of the 20th century. The Boer War is often used as a cut off event, although the exact definition of what constitutes an antique firearm varies… …   Wikipedia

  • Run and gun — (dt. „rennen und schießen“) ist eine Basketball Taktik, bei der der Schwerpunkt auf schnellen Wurfabschluß gelegt wird und der Gegner „überrannt“ werden soll. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Beschreibung 2 Anwendung 3 Referenzen 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chuen-Gun Lee — Personal information Full name Chuen Gun Lee Country represented  South Korea …   Wikipedia

  • Domains of gun politics — Main article: Gun politics Various domains of gun politics exist and can be classified into; international, national, state, community, individual, group, religious and corporate domains. There are highly complex political issues when domains… …   Wikipedia

  • Machine gun — Machine Ma*chine (m[.a]*sh[=e]n ), n. [F., fr. L. machina machine, engine, device, trick, Gr. ?, from ? means, expedient. Cf. {Mechanic}.] 1. In general, any combination of bodies so connected that their relative motions are constrained, and by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Weaponry of Blade — In all of his incarnations, Blade uses a vast array of weaponry specifically designed to eliminate vampires.ComicsTomb of Dracula*According to his earliest appearances in the original Tomb of Dracula comics, Blade relied on teakwood daggers which …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”