- Korea National League
Korea National League Countries Korea Republic Confederation AFC (Asia) Founded 2003
(1964 as Korea Football League)
Number of teams 14 Levels on pyramid 2 Promotion to K-League (no promotion) Relegation to Challengers League (no relegation) Domestic cup(s) Korean FA Cup League cup(s) Korea National League Championship Current champions Ulsan Mipo Dockyard
Website http://www.n-league.org 2011 Korea National League Korea National League Hangul 내셔널 리그 Revised Romanization Naesyeneol rigeu McCune–Reischauer Naesyŏnŏl rigŭ
The Korea National League is a semi-professional association football league, the second tier of the South Korean football league system. It consists of fifteen member clubs. The season is composed of two sections with the fourteen member clubs playing each other once in each section. The two section winners and the two runners-up from both stages progress to the post-season season playoffs to decide the league champion. In the event of the same team winning both sections, that team is pronounced champion without the need for the playoffs.
The league was officially founded in 2003 as the K2 League, to raise the level of competition in Korea. Prior to that, various cup competitions were run by the governing body of semi-professional football. Competitions under the present body can be traced back to 1964, with the participants being mostly works sides of the major industries in Korea (banks, construction companies and the like). It was rebranded Korea National League at the beginning of 2006.
It had operated with a two stage season since its inception, with the two stage winners meeting in a two-legged championship playoff final at the end of the season before changing to a four team playoff in 2008. Kookmin Bank won the 2003 championship, and successfully defended their title in 2004. Incheon Korail claimed the title in 2005 before Kookmin Bank won it for a third time in 2006. Ulsan Mipo Dockyard won the championship in 2007.
On December 18, 2009, The league approved to join 2 clubs, Mokpo City FC & Yongin City FC, from the 2010 season.
Ever since the creation of the league, hopes had been high that a system of promotion and relegation would be implemented between the league and the K-League, the professional football league in Korea. In 2006, it was agreed that, subject to meeting certain financial requirements, the National League champions would be eligible for promotion. Goyang Kookmin Bank, who triumphed over Gimpo Hallelujah to win the 2006 title, were the first side eligible for promotion, however they controversially rejected the chance to return to the professional ranks.
The team received several threats from the National League ranging from being thrown out of the competition, to fines, to point deductions for the upcoming 2007 season. In the end the side received a points deduction penalty, to be split into ten point deductions in the first and second stages of the 2007 season.
Following the case involving Goyang, teams in the National League signed agreements indicating whether or not they would seek promotion to the K-League if they win the National League in 2007. Ulsan Mipo Dockyard, who won the championship in 2007, also rejected the chance to move up to the K-League despite previously indicating they would seek promotion.
In light of the issues surrounding the conditional promotion place in 2006 and 2007, the National League decided to end the system prior to the 2008 season.
On November 2, new commissioner, Kwon Oh-Gab, announced to push implementing a promotion system with K-league within 3 years.
Members for 2011 season
The following 14 clubs will compete in the Korea National League during the 2011 season.
- Ansan Hallelujah FC
- Busan Transportation Corporation FC
- Changwon City FC
- Cheonan City FC
- Chungju Hummel FC
- Daejeon Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power FC
- Gangneung City FC
- Gimhae City FC
- Goyang Kookmin Bank FC
- Incheon Korail FC
- Mokpo City FC
- Suwon City FC
- Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dolphin FC
- Yongin City FC
All-time Member Clubs
There have been a total of 16 member clubs since the league was founded as the K2 League in 2003. Seoul City replaced Hallelujah for the second stage of the 2003 season after protests by radical Wonbuddhists forced the Christian club out of Iksan. Hallelujah returned to the league in 2004 after moving to Gimpo. Sangmu B withdrew their team from the league at the end of 2005 in order for the team, essentially the reserve side of K-League team Gwangju Sangmu Phoenix, to compete in the K-League reserve league. From 2010 season, Nowon Hummel FC moved to Chungju city in Chungbuk province & the name changed to Chungju Hummel FC.
Teams are listed with present-day names in the case of sides that have changed names or locations previously:
Club Duration City Ansan Hallelujah FC 2003 First Stage, 2004–Present Ansan, Gyeonggi Daejeon Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power FC 2003–Present Daejeon Metropolitan City Gangneung City FC 2003–Present Gangneung, Gangwon Goyang Kookmin Bank FC 2003–Present Goyang, Gyeonggi Incheon Korail FC 2003–Present Incheon Metropolitan City Chungju Hummel FC 2003–Present Chungju, Chungbuk Sangmu B 2003-2005 Icheon, Gyeonggi Suwon City FC 2003–Present Suwon, Gyeonggi Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Dolphin 2003–Present Ulsan Metropolitan City Yesan FC 2003–2010 Yesan, Chungnam Seoul City FC 2003 Second Stage Seoul Metropolitan City Changwon City FC 2005–Present Changwon, Gyeongnam Busan Transportation Corporation FC 2006–Present Busan Metropolitan City Hongcheon Idu FC 2007–09 First Stage Hongcheon, Gangwon Cheonan City FC 2008–Present Cheonan, Chungnam Gimhae City FC 2008–Present Gimhae, Gyeongnam Mokpo City FC 2010–Present Mokpo, Jeonnam Yongin City FC 2010–Present Yongin, Gyeonggi
Defunct former clubs
- Seoul City FC (2003 Second Stage)
- Sangmu B (2003-2005)
- Hongcheon Idu FC (2007–09 First Stage)
- Yesan FC (2003–2010)
Titles By Season
Season Winners Runners-up 2003 Goyang Kookmin Bank FC Sangmu B 2004 Goyang Kookmin Bank FC Gangneung City FC 2005 Incheon Korail FC Suwon City FC 2006 Goyang Kookmin Bank FC Gimpo Hallelujah FC 2007 Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Dolphin Suwon City FC 2008 Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Dolphin Suwon City FC 2009 Gangneung City FC Gimhae City FC 2010 Suwon City Daejeon Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power 2011 Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Dolphin Goyang Kookmin Bank FC
Titles By Club
Club Winners Runner-up Goyang Kookmin Bank FC 3 (2003, 2004, 2006) 1 (2011) Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard 3 (2007, 2008, 2011) Suwon City 1 (2010) 3 (2005, 2007, 2008) Gangneung City FC 1 (2009) 1 (2004) Incheon Korail FC 1 (2005) Sangmu B 1 (2003) Gimpo Hallelujah FC 1 (2006) Gimhae City FC 1 (2009) Daejeon Hydro & Nuclear Power 1 (2010)
- Cho Jae-Jin
- Cho Won-Hee
- Kim Sang-Rok
- Kim Sang-Sik
- Kim Young-Chul
- Kwon Jung-Hyuk
- Lee Dong-Gook
- Park Ho-Jin
- Park Jong-Woo
- Park Sung Bae
- Seo Deok-Kyu
- Seo Dong-Won
- Sim Jae-Won
- Cho Se-Kwon - Formerly of Goyang Kookmin Bank.
- Cho Won-Kwang - Cheonan City.
- Choi Chul-Woo - Formerly of Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard.
- Chung Yoo-Suk - Formerly of Gangneung City.
- Hwang Yeon-Seok - Formerly of Goyang Kookmin Bank.
- Jeon Sang-Dae - Formerly of Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard.
- Jung Suk-Keun - Formerly of Incheon Korail.
- Kim Han-Won - Suwon City.
- Kim Min-Soo - Formerly of Incheon Korail.
- Kim Yong-Hee - Formerly of Gangneung City.
- Kim Young-Hoo - Formerly of Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard.
- Ko Ki-Gu - Daejeon Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power.
- Lee Do-Kweon - Formerly of Gangneung City.
- Lee Ho-Sung - Formerly of Goyang Kookmin Bank.
- Lee Kil-Yong - Formerly of Changwon City.
- Lim Ho - Formerly of Goyang Kookmin Bank.
- Nam Ki-Il - Formerly of Cheonan City.
- Park Jin-Seop - Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard.
- Park Yo-Seb - Formerly of Gangneung City.
- Sung Han-Soo - Formerly of Changwon City.
- Yoo Hyun - Formerly of Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard.
Year Sponsor 2003 Intermax AD 2004 Hyundai Motor 2005 Kookmin Bank 2006 STC Life 2007 Kookmin Bank 2008 2009 Kyobo Life Insurance 2010 Hanwha Daehan Life Insurance 2011 Samsung Life Insurance
Korea National League has been named after its sponsor, giving it the following names:
- Hyundai Motors K2 League (2003 1st Stage), sponsored by Hyundai Motor Company
- Intermax K2 League (2003 2nd Stage), sponsored by Intermax AD
- Hyundai Motors K2 League (2004), sponsored by Hyundai Motor Company
- Kookmin Bank K2 League (2005), sponsored by Kookmin Bank
- STC Korea National League (2006-2007 1st Stage), sponsored by STC Life
- Kookmin Bank Korea National League (2007 2nd Stage-2008), sponsored by Kookmin Bank
- Kyobo Life Korea National League (2009), sponsored by Kyobo Life Insurance
- Daehan Life Korea National League (2010), sponsored by Hanwha Daehan Life Insurance
- Samsung Life Korea National League (2011), sponsored by Samsung Life Insurance
- Korean National Football Championship
- Korean President's Cup National Football Tournament
- Korean National Championship
- Korean FA Cup
- K3 League
- Korean football league system
- List of football clubs in South Korea
Korea National LeagueLeague · League Cup · Foreign players 2011 teams Former teams League seasons the early period1939 · Cancelled between 1940-1945 · 1946 · 1947 · 1948 · 1949 · 1950 · 1951 · 1952 · 1953 · 1954 · 1955 · 1956 · 1957 · 1958 · 1959 · 1960 · 1961 · 1962 · 1963 Korea Football League1964 · 1965 · 1966 · 1967 · 1968 · 1969 · 1970 · 1971 · 1972 · 1973 · 1974 · 1975 · 1976 · 1977 · 1978 · 1979 · 1980 · 1981 · 1982 · 1983 · 1984 · 1985 · 1986 · 1987 · 1988 · 1989 · 1990 · 1991 · 1992 · 1993 · 1994 · 1995 · 1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999 · 2000 · 2001 · 2002 Korea National League2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 League Cup seasons Korea Football League Championship1991 · 1992 · 1993 · 1994 · 1995 · 1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999 · 2000 · 2001 · 2002 Korea National League Championship2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009 · 2010 · 2011 Football in South Korea National teamsKorea Republic (result · record) · Olympic(U-23) · U-20 · U-17 League competitions Cup competitions Reserves & AcademyReserves League · University League · High School Club Challenge League · Youth League Defunct Comp.All Joseon Football Tournament (1921–1940) · Gyeongseong FC–Pyongyang FC rivalry (1929-1946) · National Football Championship (1946–2000) · Korean President's Cup (1952–2009) · Korea Football League (1964-2002) · Korea Cup (1971–1999) · Super Cup (1999–2006)Afghanistan · Australia · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Bhutan · Brunei · Cambodia · China PR · Chinese Taipei · East Timor · Guam · Hong Kong · India · Indonesia · Iran · Iraq · Japan · Jordan · Korea DPR · Korea Republic · Kuwait · Kyrgyzstan · Laos · Lebanon · Macau · Malaysia · Maldives · Mongolia · Myanmar · Nepal · Oman · Pakistan · Palestine · Philippines · Qatar · Saudi Arabia · Sri Lanka · Syria · Tajikistan · Thailand · United Arab Emirates · Uzbekistan · Vietnam · Yemen
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.