- List of Georgian wars
The article is about the
military historyof the country of Georgia.
The 720s B.C - Western Georgian power of
Colchisfell under Cimmerianincursions.
The end of the 4th cent. B.C. - War of liberation of the eastern Georgian tribes under Prince Parnavaz. Creation of the first Georgian kingdom of
Kartli(Iberia). 65BC - The Roman expedition in Kartliand Colchisunder Pompey.
270s AD - Anti-Roman uprising in
Colchis. 482- 484- King Vakhtang I Gorgasali’s war of resistance to the Persian invaders in Kartli. 572- Persiansexpelled as a result of national uprising in Kartli. 627- Fall of Tbilisiunder Byzantine and Khakhanattack. 640s- 1068- Arabinvasions in Georgia; Georgian resistance to Arab invaders. 1080- Turk-Seljuk invasions in Georgia (the so-called Great Turkish Conquests: "Didi Turkoba" in Georgian). 1099- 1125- Wars of King David the Builder. Turks and Arabsexpelled from Georgia; reunification of the Kingdom of Georgia; conquest of the neighbouring lands in Caucasus; a strong feudal state established; several Muslimattacks repelled. 12 August 1121- Battle of Didgori: the greatest victory in Georgian military history. 1122- Liberation of Arab-held Tbilisiby David the Builder. 1195- Battle of Shamkor(see Tamar of Georgia). 1203- Battle of Basiani(see Tamar of Georgia). 1210- Expedition of Georgian army in Iran. 1225- 1231- Khorasminvasion in Georgia; Georgians defeated at Garnisi ( 1225); the fall of Tbilisi(1226). 1235- 1236- Mongolconquests of Georgia. 1259- 1260, 1297- Unsuccessful uprisings against Mongols. 1330s - King Giorgi the Brilliantexpelled Mongolsand restored the strength and integrity of the Kingdom of Georgia. 1386- 1403- Tamerlane’s (Timur) invasions of Georgia. The peace treaty signed in 1403.
1795- The last Persian invasion; battle of Krtsanisi: 4.500 Georgians under King Erekle IIdefeated by 38.000 Persians; Tiflisfell after heroic resistance. 1810- War of independence in the western Georgian Kingdom of Imereti; Russia occupies and annexes Imereti. King Solomon II (the last Georgian monarch of Bagrationidynasty) forced to flee after being defeated by overwhelming Russian troops.Georgia served as a battlefield in all Russian-Turkish and Russian-Persian wars in the 19th cent. 1857- A large anti-Russian rebellion in Samegrelo(Principality of Mengrelia). 1914- 1918- World War I; collapse of Russian Empire; declaration of the Democratic Republic of Georgia( May 26, 1918).
1918- Turkish-Georgian war; Turkish temporary occupation of Batumiand Akhalkhalaki.
1918- Georgian-Armenian war 1918. 1918- 1919- Unsuccessful Russian-backed pro- Bolshevikrevolts in various regions of Georgia.
1919-April 1920- The first Sovietaggression; Peace Treaty of Moscowsigned on May 7, 1920; Soviet Russia recognized Georgian independence. February 11- March 19 1921- The Bolshevik Russia's Red Armyattacks and occupies the whole territory of Georgia. The legal government of Georgia is forced to leave the country. March 12 1921- Turkish troops occupied Batumias Sovietarmies invaded Georgia. Troops of the ousted Menshevikgovernment under General Giorgi Kvinitadzeand General Giorgi Mazniashvili, remaining in western parts of the country, expelled the Turks on March 18and ceded Batumito the Sovietsto avoid the loss of Ajara region. 1922- 1924- Guerrilla resistance to the Sovietoccupation.
1924- Unsuccessful popular uprising against the Sovietoccupation; repressions and terror in Georgia. 1939- 1945- WW2. Georgia contributed 700.000 soldiers to the Red armyand more than 400.000 fell in the war. A few thousands Georgian émigrés (e.g., the Georgian Committee, the political organization of Tetri Giorgiand the Georgian Legionof Wehrmachtunder major-general Shalva Maglakelidze) collaborated with the Nazishoping to liberate their Motherland with the help of Germany. Many Georgians were involved in resistance movements against the Nazi occupants in France, Italy, etc. Georgian guerrilla fighter Phore Mosulishvilibecame a national heroof Italy. Georgian émigré, colonel of the French Foreign Legion Dimitri Amilakhvariwas prominent military officer of the French Resistance. "See also" Georgian Uprising of Texel. January 5 1991- July 14 1992- Armed conflict in former “ South Ossetia” autonomy; escalated again in July-August 2004; still unresolved. December 22 1991- January 6 1992- Violent military Coup d’etatin Tbilisi. First President of the Republic of Georgia, Dr. Zviad Gamsakhurdiaoverthrown. He was forced to leave Georgia. August 14 1992- May 15 1994- War in Abkhazia; ethnic conflict and Russian intervention. The conflict escalated again in May 1998and October 2001; remains unresolved.
1993- Civil warin western Georgia; President Gamsakhurdia’s forces defeated. Gamsakhurdia’s death ( December 31, 1993). The Kosovo Force(KFOR)
International Security Assistance Force in
International Stabilization Force in
Iraq 2008 Conflict in South Ossetia
* [http://www.geoarmy.info/ Georgian Warrior] - Military history, battles, army, navy, air forces, photos
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