"For the municipality in the Philippines, see
Ronda, Cebu, and the former settlement in California, United States, see Ronda, California."
Ronda is a city in the Spanish province of
Andalusia. It is located about 100 km from the city of Málaga, within the autonomous community of Andalusia. Its population is 35,512. It is also accessible by rail from Algecirasand from Córdoba.
Ronda is situated in a very
mountainous area about 750 m above mean sea level. The Rio Guadalevínruns through the city, dividing it in two and carving out the steep El Tajo canyonupon which the city is perched. Ronda was first settled by the early Celts, but its Roman and then Moorish rulers are reflected most prominently inits architecture. The forces of Catholic Spain took control of the town in 1485.
bridges, Puente Romano("Roman Bridge", also known as the Puente San Miguel), Puente Viejo("Old Bridge", also known as the Puente Arabe or "Arab Bridge") and Puente Nuevo("New Bridge"), span the canyon. The term "nuevo" is a bit of a misnomer, since this bridge was completed in 1793. The Puente Nuevo is the tallest of the bridges, towering 120 metres above the canyon floor, and all three serve as some of the city's most impressive features.
Another important site in Ronda is the
Plaza de toros de Ronda, the oldest bullfightingring in Spain that is still used, albeit infrequently. It was built in 1784in the Neoclassical style by the architect José Martin de Aldehuela, who also designed Puente Nuevo.
The partially intact "baños árabes" ("Arab baths") are found below the city and date back to the 13th and 14th centuries. Both the
Sufischolar Salih ben Sharif al-Rundi(1204-1285) and the poet Ibn Abbad al-Rundi(1333-1390) were born in Ronda. Ernest Hemingwayand Orson Wellesresided in Ronda for many years, and both wrote about its beauty, contributing to its popularity.
For Whom the Bell Tolls" describes the murder of Nationalist sympathizers early in the Spanish Civil Warby being thrown from cliffs in a Castilian village, allegedly based on the killings that took place on Ronda's cliffs of El Tajo by the Republican forces.
The name of the eponymous Jewish hero of
George Eliot's well-known novel Daniel Derondaseems to indicate that his ancestors lived in Ronda prior to the expulsion of the Jews from Spainin 1492.
Spanish Fir("Abies pinsapo") is endemic to the mountains surrounding Ronda.
Chefchaouen, Morocco[ [http://www.pasoslargos.com/elgrupo/chefchaouen2006.htm Asociación Senderista "Pasos Largos" - Chefchaouen, Morocco.] ]
* [http://www.laserrania.org Serrania de Ronda]
* [http://www.ronda.to Ronda Online]
* [http://www.roonda.es Everything of Ronda ]
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