Anterior pituitary acidophil

Anterior pituitary acidophil

In the anterior pituitary, the term "acidophil" is used to describe two different types of cells:

* somatotrophs, which generate somatotropin
* mammotrophs, which generate prolactin

When using standard staining techniques, they cannot be distinguished from each other (though they can be distinguished from basophils and chromophobes) [BUHistology|14002loa] , and are therefore identified simply as "acidophils".

ee also

* Acidophile (histology)
* Basophilic
* Oxyphil cell


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  • acidophil — [ə sid′ə fil] n. [ ACID + O + PHIL] 1. a cell, substance, or tissue easily stained by acid dyes, as any of the alpha cells in the anterior pituitary 2. an organism that has an affinity for and grows well in an acid environment: also acidophile [ə …   English World dictionary

  • acidophil, acidophile — 1. One of the acid staining cells of the anterior pituitary. 2. A microorganism that grows well in a highly acid medium. [acid + G. philos, fond] …   Medical dictionary

  • Posterior pituitary — Pituitary gland. Posterior pituitary is in blue. Pars nervosa and infundibular stalk are not labeled, but pars nervosa is at bottom and infundibular stalk is at top.) …   Wikipedia

  • Acidophile (histology) — An acidophile (or acidophil, or, as an adjectival form, acidophilic) describes is a term used by histologists to describe a particular staining pattern of cells and tissues when using haematoxylin and eosin stains. Specifically, the name refers… …   Wikipedia

  • Prolactin cell — Code TH H3. Lactotrophs (also known as lactotrope, mammatroph, mammotroph, epsilon acidophil, prolactin cell, and lactotropic cell) are cells in the anterior pituitary which produce prolactin in response to signals including dopamine …   Wikipedia

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  • Hypothalamus — Brain: Hypothalamus Location of the human hypothalamus …   Wikipedia

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  • Corticotropic cell — Code TH H3. Corticotropes (or corticotrophs) are basophilic cells in the anterior pituitary that produce adrenocorticotropic hormone, melanocyte stimulating hormone and lipotropin. These cells respond to corticotropin releasing… …   Wikipedia

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