Royal Liberty of Havering

Royal Liberty of Havering

infobox historic subdivision
Name= Royal Liberty of
HQ= Romford
Status= Liberty
Start= 1465 (charter)
End= 1 July 1892
Replace= Romford Urban District
Romford Rural District

Divisions= Parishes


#Havering atte Bower
PopulationFirst= 6,812
PopulationFirstYear= 1831
PopulationLast= unknown
PopulationLastYear= 1891
AreaFirst= convert|12550|acre|km2
AreaFirstYear= 1831
AreaLast= convert|12550|acre|km2
AreaLastYear= 1892
The Royal Liberty of Havering was an ancient manor and liberty whose former area now forms part of, and gives its name to, the London Borough of Havering in Greater London. The manor was in the possession of the Crown from the 11th to the 19th centuries and was the location of Havering Palace from the 13th to the later 17th century.cite web| title=The liberty of Havering-atte-Bower | publication=A History of the County of Essex: Volume 7 |url= | year=1978 |accessdate=2008-03-21]


The ancient liberty was formed some time between 1066 and 1465 from the Havering manor of the Becontree hundred of Essex. It bordered Chafford hundred to the east, Ongar hundred to the north and the reduced Becontree hundred to the west. The River Thames formed a short boundary with Kent to the south.cite web |url=| title=The hundred of Becontree: Introduction | publication=A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5| year=1966 | accessdate=2008-01-11]

Its status as a Royal liberty was confirmed by a charter issued in 1465 by King Edward IV to the area surrounding the royal manor house of Havering Palace. This event was celebrated by the issue of a copper token for currency in the late 18th century, which uniquely among the many coins of that era bears the date 1465. The charter gave residents of the area freedom from taxation, its own local magistrates and gaol, and, earlier, freedom from the service of writs by the Essex Quarter Sessions. The famous Romford Market was another privilege that was guaranteed under this arrangement.

The government of the liberty was in the hands of a high steward, deputy steward, clerk of the peace and coroner. The high steward was chosen by the lord of the manor. The office of deputy steward was instituted by the 1465 charter, being appointed by the high steward. ["The People's History of Essex", Chelmsford, 1861] The clerk of the peace and coroner were elected by the tenants and inhabitants of the liberty. In 1848 other officers of the corporation were a high bailiff, under bailiff, two head constables and nine petty constables. ["The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales", Vol. II, 1848, p.288] Gallows Corner was used as the place of execution in the liberty.

The manor and liberty originally comprised the large ancient parish of Hornchurch which included the chapelries of Havering-atte-Bower and Romford. However in the 1780s Havering-atte-Bower was split off as a separate parish and in 1849 Romford also became a parish in its own right. In 1831 the total population of the liberty was 6,812.


The manor was sold by the Crown in 1828 and the right to appoint the high steward and justices of the liberty was transferred to the private owners. During the 19th century ad-hoc boards, such as unions for poor law or public health, started to erode the powers of the liberty. It was unreformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 and the Municipal Corporations Act 1883 made provision for the liberty to be absorbed into the county of Essex, but did not force the amalgamation. Under the Local Government Act 1888 the property of the liberty was merged with that of the county, and the offices of high and deputy steward were no longer filled. The separate court of quarter sessions, limited to three justices, continued to exist, and a high bailiff and coroner continued to be appointed.

On October 21, 1891 the Essex quarter sessions resolved "that a petition be presented to Her Majesty praying that an Order in Council be made to unite the Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower to the County of Essex, so far as the same is not already united by the Local Government Act, 1888." [ [ "The Essex Review", January 1892 (transcription at, accessed March 26, 2008] ] The order in council, under the Liberties Act 1850, was made on May 9, 1892, and came into effect on July 1, 1892. The last high bailiff was paid a pension of £3 for life, while the coroner became a county employee. ["London Gazette", issue 26287, published 13 May 1892]

In 1894, under the Local Government Act 1894, the central part of the Romford parish, named "Romford Urban" formed the Romford Urban District while the remaining parts of the liberty went on to form part of Romford Rural District. The modern day London Borough of Havering, created in 1965, takes its name from the liberty and incorporates the original area and other territories formerly part of Chafford hundred, including North Ockendon, Rainham, Upminster and Wennington. Modern day references to the liberty include the Liberty Shopping Centre and Royal Liberty School.


External links

*Havering London Borough Council - [ A brief history of the Royal Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower]
* [ 1831 A Vision of Britain - Census for the liberty]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Royal Liberty School — Infobox UK school name = Royal Liberty School size = latitude = longitude = dms = motto = Learning for life and Semper Procedens motto pl = PLURAL established = 1921 approx = closed = c approx = type = Comprehensive community school religion =… …   Wikipedia

  • Havering Palace — was one of the many royal residences in England. It was located in the village of Havering atte Bower in what is now the London Borough of Havering. It stood just to the north and west of the existing parish church of St John the Divine, which… …   Wikipedia

  • Havering (disambiguation) — Havering may mean:*The London Borough of Havering *Havering atte Bower a place in that borough *The Royal Liberty of Havering a historical entity, surrounding Havering Palace, from which the borough was named *In Scottish English, haver (from the …   Wikipedia

  • Havering-atte-Bower — infobox UK place country = England map type = Greater London region= London official name= Havering atte Bower constituency westminster= Romford london borough= Havering postcode area= RM postcode district= RM4 post town= ROMFORD dial code= 01708 …   Wikipedia

  • Liberty (division) — A Liberty was a local government unit in England. Originating in the Middle Ages, liberties were areas of widely variable extent which were independent of the usual system of hundreds and boroughs for a number of different reasons, usually to do… …   Wikipedia

  • Liberty Shopping Centre — The Liberty Shopping Centre, also known as the Liberty, is a covered shopping mall located in Romford in East London. The centre takes its name from the Royal Liberty of Havering and is owned by property company Hammerson.In 2004 the mall was… …   Wikipedia

  • London Borough of Havering — Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Havering short name = Havering adminhq = Main Road, Romford imagename = status = London borough | area rank = 231st area km2 = 112.27 | area link = 1 E8 m² ons code = 00AR | ethnicity = 93.2%… …   Wikipedia

  • List of UK place names with royal patronage — England Regis * Beeston Regis * Bere Regis * Bognor Regis * Grafton Regis * Houghton Regis * Lyme Regis * Melcombe Regis * Milton Regis * Rowley Regis * Wyke Regis Royal * Royal County of Berkshire * Royal Leamington Spa * Royal Tunbridge Wells… …   Wikipedia

  • Havering parks and open spaces — The London Borough of Havering is a London borough in northeast London, England. Part of Outer London, much of its area is protected from development by the Metropolitan Green Belt and more than half the borough is now parkland. Its parks and… …   Wikipedia

  • London Borough of Havering — Lage in Greater London Status London Borough Region …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”