Albert Heim

Albert Heim

Infobox Scientist
name = Albert Heim
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caption = Albert Heim
birth_date = April 12, 1849
birth_place = Zürich
death_date = August 31, 1937
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nationality = Swiss
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field = geology
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Albert Heim (April 12, 1849August 31, 1937) was a Swiss geologist.

Born at Zürich, he was educated at Zürich and Berlin universities. Very early in life he became interested in the physical features of the Alps, and at the age of sixteen he made a model of the Tödi group. This came to the notice of Arnold Escher von der Linth, to whom Heim was indebted for much encouragement and geological instruction in the field.

In 1873 he became professor of geology in the polytechnic school at Zürich, and in 1875 professor of geology in the university. In the same year he married Marie Heim-Vögtlin, Switzerland's first woman physician. In 1882 he was appointed director of the Geological Survey of Switzerland, and in 1884 the honorary degree of Ph. D. was conferred upon him at Berne.

He is especially distinguished for his researches on the structure of the Alps and for the light thereby thrown on the structure of mountain masses in general. He traced the plications from minor to major stages, and illustrated the remarkable foldings and overthrust faultings in numerous sections and with the aid of pictorial drawings.

His magnificent work, "Mechanismus der Gebirgsbildung" (1878), is now regarded as a classic, and it served to inspire Professor C Lapworth in his brilliant researches on the Scottish Highlands (see "Geol. Mag." 1883). Heim also devoted considerable attention to the glacial phenomena of the Alpine regions. The Wollaston medal was awarded to him in 1904 by the Geological Society of London.

A constant kinetic friction coefficient controlling the movement of pyroclastic flows and avalanches was named Heim coefficient after Albert Heim. The ridge Dorsum Heim on the Moon was also named after him.



External links


NAME = Heim, Albert
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Swiss geologist
DATE OF BIRTH = April 12, 1849
DATE OF DEATH = August 31, 1937

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