- Ouragan class landing platform dock
Class overview Builders: Brest arsenal (DCN) Operators: France Completed: 2 Active: 0 Retired: 2 General characteristics Type: Ouragan class Landing craft transport Displacement: 5,965 tons empty, 8,500 tons loaded Length: 149 metres Beam: 21.50 metres Draft: 5.4 metres Propulsion:
- L9021: 2 SEMT-Pielstick 12 PC 2V diesels, total 8600 horsepower (6,325 kW)
- L9022: 2 SEMT-Pielstick 12 PC 2.1 V400 diesels, total 9400 horsepower (6,910 kW)
- 1920 kW electrical power
- 2 variable-thread propellers
Speed: 17 knots (31 km/h) Range: 9,000 nautical miles, at 15-knot (28 km/h) speed, 15000 at 12 knots (22 km/h) Complement: Sensors and
2 Racal-Decca radars Armament:
The ships in this class were used for:
- the fast loading and unloading of landing craft, and other equipment, carrying troops and vehicles;
- carrying, supplying and operating helicopters transporting commandos or providing close support;
- transporting the mission crew;
- commanding a landing operation of limited scale.
The landing is accomplished by means of an unloading barge transported in an interior raft called a radier. The TCD could simultaneously transport, refuel and put into operation four heavy helicopters, while ensuring the control of a limited landing operation, hospitalization and care of the wounded.
The essential characteristic distinguishing the TCD was the interior raft or radier, which was submersible in three metres of water and with a rear door that put it in contact with the water. The radier's dimensions were 120 metres long under 3.5 metres of water.
The ship had a 120 metre long well deck that could be submerged 3 metres under water.
The class comprised:
- Ouragan (Hurricane), L9021, (Retired January 2007)
- Orage (Storm), L9022, (Retired June 2007)
Ouragan was launched on November 9, 1963, the Orage in 1968.
The two ships of this class were supposedly due for transfer to the Argentine Navy in 2006 and 2007 but the whole operation was placed on hold by the Argentine Government due to concerns about asbestos, a toxic material used in the ships' construction. They are presently moored in Toulon harbour.
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