Glycerol 3-phosphate

Glycerol 3-phosphate

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ImageFile = glycerol-3-phosphate.png ImageSize = 150px
IUPACName = 1,2,3-Propanetriol, 1- (dihydrogen phosphate)
OtherNames =
Glycerol-1-phosphate
Glycerophosphate
α-glycerolphosphate
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 57-03-4
PubChem = 754
ChemSpiderID = 734
SMILES = OCC(O)COP(O)(O)=O
MeSHName = glycerol+3-phosphate

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = C3H9O6P
MolarMass = 172.074
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Section3 = Chembox Hazards
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Glycerol 3-phosphate is a chemical intermediate in the glycolysis metabolic pathway. It should not be confused with the similarly named glycerate 3-phosphate or glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.

Function

Glycerol 3-phosphate is produced from glycerol, the triose sugar backbone of triglycerides and glycerophospholipids, by the enzyme glycerol kinase. Glycerol 3-phospate may then be converted by dehydrogenation to dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) by the enzyme glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. DHAP can then be rearranged into glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate(GA3P) by triose phosphate isomerase(TIM), and feed into glycolysis.

The glycerol 3-phosphate shuttle is used to rapidly regenerate NAD+ in brain and skeletal muscle cells of mammals.

ee also

* Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase — protein Name=glycerol 3 phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (soluble) caption= width= HGNCid=4455 Symbol=GPD1 AltSymbols= EntrezGene=2819 OMIM=138420 RefSeq=NM 005276 UniProt=P21695 PDB= ECnumber=1.1.1.8 Chromosome=12 Arm=q Band=12 LocusSupplementaryData=… …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+) (EC number|1.1.1.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:sn glycerol 3 phosphate + NAD+ ightleftharpoons glycerone phosphate + NADH + H+Thus, the two substrates of this… …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate O acyltransferase (EC number|2.3.1.15) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:acyl CoA + sn glycerol 3 phosphate ightleftharpoons CoA + 1 acyl sn glycerol 3 phosphateThus, the two substrates of… …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+) — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] (EC number|1.1.1.94) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:sn glycerol 3 phosphate + NAD(P)+ ightleftharpoons glycerone phosphate + NAD(P)H + H+The 3 substrates of this… …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+) — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate 1 dehydrogenase (NADP+) (EC number|1.1.1.177) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:sn glycerol 3 phosphate + NADP+ ightleftharpoons D glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate + NADPH + H+Thus, the two… …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate oxidase (EC number|1.1.3.21) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:sn glycerol 3 phosphate + O2 ightleftharpoons glycerone phosphate + H2O2Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are sn glycerol 3 …   Wikipedia

  • glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase — α Glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase; 3 phosphoglycerol dehydrogenase; a flavoenzyme that catalyzes the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone phosphate and sn glycerol 3 phosphate, with the participation of NAD+; its action provides the glycerol… …   Medical dictionary

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate cytidylyltransferase — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate cytidylyltransferase (EC number|2.7.7.39) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:CTP + sn glycerol 3 phosphate ightleftharpoons diphosphate + CDP glycerolThus, the two substrates of this enzyme are …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate-transporting ATPase — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate transporting ATPase (EC number|3.6.3.20) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:ATP + H2O + glycerol 3 phosphateout ightleftharpoons ADP + phosphate + glycerol 3 phosphateinThe 3 substrates of this …   Wikipedia

  • Glycerol-3-phosphate-glucose phosphotransferase — In enzymology, a glycerol 3 phosphate glucose phosphotransferase (EC number|2.7.1.142) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:sn glycerol 3 phosphate + D glucose ightleftharpoons glycerol + D glucose 6 phosphateThus, the two substrates …   Wikipedia

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