Ministry of Justice (Japan)

Ministry of Justice (Japan)
Ministry of Justice
The Old Ministry of Justice building
Agency overview
Headquarters Tokyo, Japan
Ministers responsible Hideo Hiraoka, Minister of Justice
Makoto Taki, Senior Vice Minister
Tokyo Detention House

The Ministry of Justice (法務省 Hōmushō?) is one of Ministries of the Japanese government.


Meiji Constitution

The Ministry of Justice was established under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan in 1871 as the Ministry of Justice (司法省 Shihōshō?).

Constitution of Japan

The Ministry acquired its present name under the post-war Constitution of Japan in 1952. Its responsibilities include administration of Japan's judicial system and penal system. It represents the Japanese government in litigation, and is also responsible for maintenance of government registration of families, resident aliens, real estate and corporations.

The Ministry has jurisdiction over the National Bar Examination Commission, the Public Security Examination Commission, and the Public Security Intelligence Agency. Although the Public Prosecutor's Offices are administratively part of the Ministry of Justice, they are independent of the authority of the Minister of Justice.

At the top of the ministry is the Minister of Justice, a member of the Cabinet, and he or she is chosen by the Prime Minister typically from members of the Diet. Hideo Hiraoka from the House of Representatives of Japan holds this post.

See also

External links

Coordinates: 35°40′35″N 139°45′12″E / 35.67635°N 139.753304°E / 35.67635; 139.753304

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