- Inclosure Act
The Inclosure Acts were a series of
United Kingdom Acts of Parliamentwhich enclosed open fields and common landin the country. This meant that the rights that people once held to graze animals on these areas were denied. Note that although the modern spelling of the word is normally "enclosure", the Acts, other formal documents and some place names use the old spelling "inclosure". Both spellings are normally PronEng|ɪnˈcloʊʒɚ.
Inclosure Acts for small areas had been passed sporadically since the
12th centurybut the vast majority of them were passed between 1750and 1860. Much larger areas were also enclosed during this time and in 1801the Inclosure (Consolidation) Act was passed to tidy up previous acts. In 1845another General Inclosure Act allowed for the appointment of Inclosure Commissioners who could enclose land without submitting a request to Parliament.
Under this process there were over 5,000 individual Inclosure Acts and 21% of land in
Englandwas enclosed, amounting to nearly 7 million acres(28,000 km²).
The Inclosure Acts encouraged many English country-dwellers to move to
urban areas where they might typically become employed in wage labourjobs, thus becoming, in the terms of Marxisteconomics, the proletariat. In Marxist interpretation, the Inclosure Acts can be seen as a process of bringing land and people into the sphere of capitalist social relations through political force; in Marxist terminology this process is an example of primitive accumulation of capital.Fact|date=June 2008
* [http://www.ukat.org.uk/thesaurus/term.php?i=18335 Thesaurus of Acts]
* [http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspages.nsf/LookupWebPagesByTITLE_RTF/Parliamentary+enclosure?opendocument Parlimentary Enclosure - Surrey County Council]
* [http://www.catalogue.nationalarchives.gov.uk/displaycataloguedetails.asp?CATID=345&CATLN=2&Highlight=&FullDetails=True Archive details and description]
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