Hyperproinsulinemia is a disease where
insulinis not sufficiently processed before secretionand immature forms of insulin make up the majority of circulating insulin immunoreactivity in both fasting and glucose-stimulated conditions (insulin immunoreactivity refers to all molecules detectable by an insulin antibody, i.e. insulin, proinsulin, and proinsulin-like material). The term is composed of "hyper" - high, "proinsulin" - immature insulin molecule, and "-emia" - blood condition.
Hyperproinsulinemia is more frequent in
type 2 diabetes. It has been attributed to either a direct β-cells defect or an indirect effect of cell dysregulation under sustained elevated blood glucose (hyperglycemia).
alleles of insulin can cause hyperproinsulinemia (see table 2: [http://genome.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTD020843.html monogenic forms of type 1 diabetes, INS (insulin)] . For a more detailed descriptions of the insulin gene variations leading to hyperproinsulinemia see NCBI's [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/dispomim.cgi?id=176730 OMIM 176730]
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