- Bald Eagle State Park
Geobox Protected Area
name = Bald Eagle State Park
category_local = Pennsylvania State Park
category_iucn = II
image_caption = The Joseph Foster Sayers Reservoir in Bald Eagle State Park, looking north from Bellefonte. The
Nittany Valleyand Bald Eagle Mountainare in the foreground.
etymology_type = Named for
Bald Eagle Creek
country = United States
state = Pennsylvania
region_type = County
region = Centre
district_type = Township
district = Howard
district1 = Liberty
district2 = Marion
lat_d = 41
lat_m = 02
lat_s = 30
lat_NS = N
long_d = 77
long_m = 36
long_s = 12
long_EW = W
location_note = cite web
title=Bald Eagle State Park
August 30 1990
Geographic Names Information System
United States Geological Survey
elevation_imperial = 958
elevation_round = 1
area_unit = acre
area_imperial = 5900
area_round = 1
highest location =
established = July 4, 1971
management_body = Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
free_type = Nearest city
Lock Haven, Pennsylvania
map_caption = Location of Bald Eagle State Park in Pennsylvania
map_locator = Pennsylvania
website = [http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/baldeagle.aspx Bald Eagle State Park]
Bald Eagle State Park is a convert|5900|acre|km2|2|adj=on Pennsylvania State Park in Howard, Liberty, and Marion townships in Centre County,
Pennsylvaniain the United States. The park includes the Joseph Foster Sayers Reservoir, formed by damming Bald Eagle Creek and other smaller streams and covering convert|1730|acre|km2|2. Bald Eagle State Park is at the meeting point of two distinct geologic features. The Allegheny Plateauis to the north and the Ridge and Valleyarea of Pennsylvania is to the south. The park is in the Bald Eagle Valleyoff Pennsylvania Route 150in Howard, between Milesburg and Lock Haven.
The park is named for the
Lenape chief Woapalanne, meaning Bald Eagle. Chief Woapalanne lived in the area for a brief period of time during the mid-1700s in a village that was on Bald Eagle Creek Path, part of the much more extensive Great Indian Warpaththat stretched from New Yorkinto the Carolinas. This path was used by the Iroquoisto conduct raids on the Cherokeein North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia. Pennsylvania Route 150 follows this path in some areas near Bald Eagle State Park.cite web
url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/Parks/baldeagle.aspx | title = Bald Eagle State Park | accessdate = 2006-12-19 | publisher = Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources]
Iron and lumber
Bald Eagle Creek is one of the few navigable
tributariesof the West Branch Susquehanna River in Centre County. This made it a vital part of the transportation network in Centre County's early days. The Bald Eagle and Spring Creek Navigation canalwas built from the Pennsylvania Canalat Lock Havenup Bald Eagle Creek and Spring Creek into Bellefonte in 1848. This canal was damaged by flooding in 1867 [cite web | url=http://bellefonte.topcities.com/canal/index.html | title=Bald Eagle and Spring Creek Navigation Company | accessdate=2007-01-30 | publisher = Big Spring Web Design] and went out of service. It was replaced by the Bald Eagle Valley Railroad, which completed its line along the valley in 1865.
The availability of transportation and vast
natural resourcesdrew the ironindustry and later the lumberindustry to Bald Eagle Valley. The Eagle Ironworks was built in 1810 by Roland Curtin, an immigrantfrom Ireland. The ironworks produced iron along Bald Eagle Creek until it was closed in 1922. At first charcoalwas used to fire the furnaces. This charcoal was produced locally by colliers who harvested timberfrom the mountainsides and slowly burned the logs to produce charcoal. Later the furnaces were adapted to use coal, another of Pennsylvania's plentiful natural resources.cite web | url = http://www.psupress.psu.edu/books/titles/0-271-01946-8.html | title = Curtin's Ironworks | accessdate = 2006-12-19 | author = Gerald G. Eggert | publisher = Pennsylvania State University]
The demand for lumber products reached the Bald Eagle area in the mid-to-late 1800s. Vast stands of
old-growth forestwere harvested and sent down the West Branch Susquehanna Riverto the sawmills at Williamsport. The once abundant stands of pine, oak, hickory, chestnutand hemlock were stripped from the hills and valleys. The land in the valley was converted to farmland and is still farmed today. The forests on Bald Eagle Mountain have since regrown forming an extensive second growth forest.
Foster Joseph Sayers Reservoir
Foster Joseph Sayers Reservoir is a convert|1730|acre|km2|2|adj=on
reservoirthat was built in 1971 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as part of a flood controlproject on the Susquehanna Riverbasin. The lake was created by damming Bald Eagle Creek. It stretches upstream for convert|8|mi|2 and has convert|23|mi|2 of shoreline.
The lake is named for
Foster Joseph Sayersa World War IIhero. Sayers grew up in Marsh Creek. He received the Medal of Honorfor acts of bravery on November 12, 1944near Thionville, France. His Medal of Honor citation reads as follows: cquote
CITATION:Rank and organization:
Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company L, 357th Infantry, 90th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Thionville, France, 12 November 1944. Entered service at: Howard, Pa. Birth: Marsh Creek, Pa. G.O. No.: 89, 19 October 1945.Citation: He displayed conspicuous gallantry above and beyond the call of duty in combaton 12 November 1944, near Thionville, France. During an attack on strong hostile forces entrenched on a hill he fearlessly ran up the steep approach toward his objective and set up his machinegun20 yards from the enemy. Realizing it would be necessary to attract full attention of the dug-in Germans while his company crossed an open area and flanked the enemy, he picked up his gun, charged through withering machinegun and rifle fire to the very edge of the emplacement, and there killed 12 German soldiers with devastating close-range fire. He took up a position behind a log and engaged the hostile infantry from the flank in an heroic attempt to distract their attention while his comrades attained their objective at the crest of the hill. He was killed by the very heavy concentration of return fire; but his fearless assault enabled his company to sweep the hill with minimum of casualties, killing or capturing every enemy soldier on it. Pfc. Sayers' indomitable fighting spirit, aggressiveness, and supreme devotion to duty live on as an example of the highest traditions of the military service. [*cite web
url = http://www.medalofhonor.com/FosterSayers.htm
title = Foster Joseph Sayers - War Hero
accessdate = 2006-12-19
publisher = Americans.net]
horsepower motorboats are permitted on Foster Joseph Sayers Reservoir. Boats equipped with inboard engines with over the transom or straight-stack type exhausts are not permitted. All boats must have current registration with any state. Boaters must adhere to the speed-limit of convert|45|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on and follow the counterclockwise pattern when navigating the lake. The marinahas 369 docking slips that are available to rent seasonally or daily. Inland Marine and Power Sports operates the marina and provides various services to the public.
* a limited grocery store
* towing service
* mechanic service for boats, motors and trailers
* boat and
* gas sales, boat sales, and sales of boating equipment and accessories
There are 6 boat launches at Bald Eagle State Park. All are open 24 hours with parking and restroom facilities.
Foster Joseph Sayers Reservoir is a warm water fishery.
Fishingis permitted from the shore, on boats and from an ADA accessible pier located at the main boat launch in the central park area. The common game fish are largemouth and smallmouth bass, crappie, yellow perch, channel catfish, and tiger muskellunge.
Stretching convert|1200|ft|0 along the lake, a beach open
Memorial Dayweekend until Labor Dayweekend. Beginning in 2008 lifeguards will not be posted at the beach. [cite web | url = http://www.timesleader.com/news/ap?articleID=384046 | title = Pa. state parks going without life guards at beaches in 2008 | accessdate = 2008-02-15 | publisher = The Times Leader] The beach area includes a playground, snack bar, baby changing rooms, restrooms, and parking.
There are four
picnicarea at Bald Eagle State Park.
* Schencks Grove Picnic Area is on a point near the beach and marina. It has two pavilions with tables and several other
picnic tables. This area also features two restrooms, two play fields, four horseshoe pits and four outdoor volleyballcourts.
Huntingis permitted on about convert|4910|acre|km2|2 of Bald Eagle State Park. The most common game species are squirrels, turkey, rabbits, pheasant and white-tailed deer. The hunting of groundhogs is prohibited. Hunters are expected to follow the rules and regulations of the Pennsylvania Game Commission.
Bald Eagle State Park has convert|11|mi|1 of trails that are open for
hikingand cross country skiing. Some of the trails pass through areas that are open to hunting and hikers and skiers are asked to wear blaze orange when using the trails during the hunting seasons. All trails are open year round at 8:00 a.m. and are closed at sunset.cite web
url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/Parks/baldeagle_trails.aspx | title = Bald Eagle State Park Trails | accessdate = 2006-12-19 | publisher =
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources]
* Butterfly Trail - (convert|1.5|mi|2) is an easy loop trail marked with red blazes. It is a mowed grass trail and was created for the conservation of butterflies. The trail begins and ends near the beach. It loops around a
pondand passes through a mix of grasses, shrubs, wildflowers, and young trees. This mixture of plant life creates a habitat for butterflies.
* Hunter Run West Trail - (convert|2|mi|2) is a moderate trail marked with orange blazes. It begins near the campground at the Route 150 underpass. It is a mowed path that passes through a mix of forest and field habitats. Old stone fencerows can be seen near the trail. These fencerows are remnants of the farms that were once on the lands of Bald Eagle State Park.
* Hunter Run East Trail - (convert|2|mi|2) also begins near the campground and is a moderate trail marked with yellow blazes. The trail is on the northwest border of the park. It passes through a mix of forest and shrub areas. The shrubs are habitats for chickadees,
gray catbirds and towhees.
* Lakeside Trail - (convert|5.4|mi|2) is a moderate hiking trail marked with blue blazes. The trail is very rocky and runs along the base of Bald Eagle Mountain. It passes by the lake amongst a mature hardwood forest of oak,
mapleand hickory trees. The trail also passes by signs of the charcoal industry that once thrived in the area to supply charcoal for the iron furnaces owned by Roland Curtin.
* Skyline Drive Trail - (convert|2|mi|2) is an easy trail marked with white blazes. It connects with Butterfly trail and passes through fields that are in various stages of ecological succession, gradually changing from the fields cleared by farmers back into forest.
Russel P. Letterman
campgroundis a modern campground with 97 campsites, three cottages, two yurts, hot showers, an amphitheater, a sanitary dump station and two volleyballcourts. There is a paved parking area at each campsite as well as a picnic tableand fire ring. All campsites have an electrical hook-up. The primitive camping area 35 walk-in sites and 35 sites for small campers. Outhouses are available as well as sinks with running water.
Nearby state parks
The following state parks are within convert|30|mi|0 of Bald Eagle State Park: [cite web
url = http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/stateparks/parks/region_wilds.aspx
title = Map Reference for Bald Eagle State Park
accessdate = 2006-12-19
publisher = Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources] [cite map |scale = 1:65,000| publisher= Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division | url= ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/centre_GHSN.pdf| title= 2007 General Highway Map Centre County Pennsylvania | accessdate= 2007-07-27 "Note: shows Bald Eagle State Park"] cite web
last = Michels
first = Chris
year = 1997
url = http://www2.nau.edu/~cvm/latlongdist.html
title = Latitude/Longitude Distance Calculation
Northern Arizona University
accessdate = 2008-04-15]
Black Moshannon State Park(Centre County)
Bucktail State Park Natural Area(Cameron and Clinton Counties)
Greenwood Furnace State Park(Huntingdon County)
Hyner Run State Park(Clinton County)
Hyner View State Park(Clinton County)
Kettle Creek State Park(Clinton County)
Little Pine State Park(Lycoming County)
McCalls Dam State Park(Centre County)
Penn-Roosevelt State Park(Centre County)
Poe Paddy State Park(Centre County)
Poe Valley State Park(Centre County)
Ravensburg State Park(Clinton County)
Reeds Gap State Park(Mifflin County)
R. B. Winter State Park(Union County)
Sand Bridge State Park(Union County)
Upper Pine Bottom State Park(Lycoming County)
Whipple Dam State Park(Huntingdon County)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.