- Volcano and Ryukyu Islands campaign
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Volcano and Ryukyu Islands campaign
World War II, the Pacific War
caption=Two U.S. Marines advance on Wana Ridge during the
Battle of Okinawa.
date=January – June, 1945
Volcano Islandsand Ryukyu Islands, Pacific Ocean
Empire of Japan
Chester W. Nimitz
flagicon|United States|1912 Simon B. Buckner
Joseph W. Stilwell
Marc A. Mitscher
casualties1=19,840 dead or missing,
33,096 non-combat losses,
79 ships sunk and scrapped,
773 aircraft destroyed
casualties2=90,400 dead or missing,
21 ships sunk and scrapped,
3,130 aircraft destroyed,
75,000-140,000 civilians dead or missing
The Volcano and Ryūkyū Islands campaign was a series of battles and engagements between Allied forces and Imperial Japanese forces in the Pacific Ocean campaign of
World War IIbetween January and June, 1945.
The campaign took place in the Volcano and Ryukyu island groups. The two main land battles in the campaign were the
Battle of Iwo Jima( February 16- March 26, 1945) and the Battle of Okinawa( April 1- June 21, 1945). One major naval battle occurred, called Operation Ten-Go( April 7, 1945) after the operational title given to it by the Japanese.
The campaign was part of the Allied
Japan campaignintended to provide staging areas for an invasion of Japan as well as supporting aerial bombardment and a naval blockade of the Japanese mainland. The dropping of atomic weapons on two Japanese cities, however, caused the Japanese government to surrender without an armed invasion being necessary.
last = Drea
first = Edward J.
year = 1998
chapter = An Allied Interpretation of the Pacific War
title = In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army
publisher = University of Nebraska Press
location = Nebraska
id = ISBN 0-8032-1708-0
last = Dyer
first = George Carroll
url = http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ACTC/index.html
title = The Amphibians Came to Conquer: The Story of Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner
publisher = United States Government Printing Office
accessmonthday = October 20
accessyear = 2006
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