Gabrielle Roy

Gabrielle Roy

Infobox Writer
name = Gabrielle Roy

caption =
birthdate = birth date|1909|3|22
birthplace = Saint Boniface, Manitoba
deathdate = death date and age|1983|7|13|1909|3|22
deathplace = Montreal, Quebec
occupation = novelist, Teacher
pseudonym =
genre = Canadian Literature
Children's literature
movement = CanLit
notableworks = The Tin Flute" ("Bonheur d'occasion"),Street of Riches" ("Rue Deschambault"),The Fragile Lights of Earth" ("Fragiles lumières de la terre"),Children of My Heart" ("Ces Enfants de ma vie")
influences =
influenced =
website =

Gabrielle Roy, CC , FRSC (March 22, 1909July 13, 1983) was a French Canadian author.

Born in Saint Boniface (now part of Winnipeg), Manitoba, Roy was educated at Saint Joseph's Academy. After training as a teacher at The Winnipeg Normal School, she taught in rural schools in Marchand and Cardinal and was then appointed to Provencher School in Saint Boniface.

With her savings she was able to spend some time in Europe, but was forced to return to Canada in 1939 at the outbreak of World War II. She returned with some of her works near completion, but settled in Quebec to earn a living as a sketch artist while continuing to write.Her first novel, "Bonheur d'occasion" (1945), gave a starkly realistic portrait of the lives of people in Saint-Henri, a working-class neighbourhood of Montreal. The novel caused many Quebeckers to take a hard look at themselves, and is regarded as the novel that helped lay the foundation for Quebec's Quiet Revolution of the 1960s. The original French version won her the prestigious Prix Femina in 1947. Published in English as "The Tin Flute" (1947), the book won the 1947 Governor General's Award for fiction as well as the Royal Society of Canada's Lorne Pierce Medal. Distributed in the United States, where it sold more than three-quarters of a million copies, the Literary Guild of America made "The Tin Flute" a feature book of the month in 1947. The book garnered so much attention that Roy returned to Manitoba to escape the publicity.

There are two French versions of "Bonheur d'occasion". The first was published in 1945 by Société des Éditions Pascal in two volumes. This version was translated in 1947 by Hannah Josephson, who removed several short passages from the English version. In 1965, Librairie Beauchemin published an abridged French version eliminating a number of passages. This second version was translated by Alan Brown in 1980. As a result, there has never been an unabridged version of "The Tin Flute" published in English.

In August 1947, she married Marcel Carbotte, a Saint Boniface doctor, and the couple set off for Europe where Carbotte studied gynecology and Roy spent her time writing.

Another of her novels brought additional critical acclaim. "Alexandre Chenevert" (1954), is a dark and emotional story that is ranked as one of the most significant works of psychological realism in the history of Canadian literature.

She is considered by many to be one of the most important Francophone writers in Canadian history and one of the most influential Canadian authors. In 1963, she was on a panel that gave Expo 67 its theme: "Terres des hommes" or in English "Man and His World". It was her suggestion to use Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's 1939 book title as the organizing theme.

Gabrielle Roy died at the age of seventy-four. Her autobiography, titled "La Détresse et l'enchantement", was published posthumously in 1984. Translated into English as "Enchantment and Sorrow". It covers the years from her childhood in Manitoba to the time when she settled in Quebec.

Awards and recognition

* 1947 - Prix Femina for Bonheur d'occasion (the Tin Flute)
* 1947 - Governor General's Award for Fiction for the Tin Flute
* 1947 - Royal Society of Canada's Lorne Peace Medal for the Tin Flute
* 1967 - Companion of the Order of Canada
* 2004 - On September 29, 2004, the Bank of Canada issued a $20 bank note which included a quotation from her 1961 book "The Hidden Mountain" ("La Montagne secrète").
* 2007 - "Children of My Heart" was selected for the 2007 edition of "Canada Reads"

She won the Governor General's Award three times, the Prix David twice, the Prix Duvernay and the Molson Prize.

The National Library of Canada has preserved a collection of her materials covering the years 1940 to 1983, including manuscripts, typescripts, galleys of published and unpublished works such as "La Rivière sans repos", "Cet été qui chantait", "Un jardin au bout du monde", "Ces enfants de ma vie", and "La Détresse et l'enchantement", as well as business and personal correspondence, business records, and memorabilia.

elected bibliography

*"The Tin Flute" ("Bonheur d'occasion") (1945)
*"Where Nests the Water Hen" ("La Petite Poule d'Eau") (1950)
*"The Cashier" ("Alexandre Chenevert") (1954)
*"Street of Riches" ("Rue Deschambault") (1955)
*"The Hidden Mountain" ("La Montagne secrète") (1961)
*"The Road Past Altamont" ("La Route d'Altamont") (1966)
*"Windflower" ("La Rivière sans repos") (1970)
*"Enchanted Summer" ("Cet été qui chantait") (1972)
*"Garden in the Wind" ("Un jardin au bout du monde") (1975)
*"My Cow Bossie" ("Ma vache Bossie") (1976)
*"Children of My Heart" ("Ces Enfants de ma vie") (1977)
*"The Fragile Lights of Earth" ("Fragiles lumières de la terre") (1978)
*"Cliptail" ("Courte-Queue") (1979)
*"Enchantment and Sorrow" ("La Détresse et l'enchantement") (1984)
*"The Tortoiseshell and the Pekinese" ("L'Espagnole et le Pékinoise") (1987)

Schools named after the author

*École/Collège régional Gabrielle-Roy, a French-language combined elementary and high school in Île-des-Chênes, Manitoba, Canada
*École élémentaire publique Gabrielle-Roy, a French-language elementary school in Gloucester, Ontario, Canada
*École Gabrielle-Roy, a French-language elementary school in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
*École Gabrielle-Roy, a French-language combined elementary and high school in Surrey, British Columbia, Canada
*École Publique Gabrielle-Roy, a Francophone K-12 school in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

ee also

* List of Quebec authors

External links

* [ Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [ Order of Canada Citation]
* [ Excerpt: Children of My Heart on CBC Words at Large]
* [ Bank of Canada - Canadian Journey Series]
* [ Gabrielle Roy on] .
* [ Gabrielle Roy's] entry in The Canadian Encyclopedia

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  • Gabrielle Roy — Gabrielle Roy, 1945 Gabrielle Roy, CC, FRSC (* 22. März 1909 in Saint Boniface, heute zu Winnipeg gehörig; † 13. Juli 1983 in Québec City) war eine franko kanadische Schriftstellerin. Sie zählt zu den wichtigsten kanadischen Autorinne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabrielle Roy — en 1945. Gabrielle Roy (Saint Boniface, Manitoba, 22 de marzo de 1909 Ciudad de Quebec, Quebec, 13 de julio de 1983), fue una escritora canadiense de habla francesa. Obras …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabrielle Roy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gabrielle Roy (homonymie). Gabrielle Roy en 1945 Gabrielle Roy (née le 22 mars 1909 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabrielle Roy (disambiguation) — Gabrielle Roy is a French Canadian author.Gabrielle Roy may also refer to:*École/Collège régional Gabrielle Roy, a French language combined elementary and high school in Île des Chênes, Manitoba, Canada *École élémentaire publique Gabrielle Roy,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gabrielle Roy (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Gabrielle Roy (1909 1983) est une écrivaine canadienne francophone. Le prix Gabrielle Roy est décerné annuellement par l association des littératures… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibliothèque Gabrielle-Roy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gabrielle Roy (homonymie). 46° 48′ 51″ N 71° 13′ 30″ W …   Wikipédia en Français

  • École/Collège régional Gabrielle-Roy — Infobox Secondary school name = École/Collège Régional Gabrielle Roy picture = principal = Marc Roy established = 1984 type = Public elementary and secondary (French language) grades = K–12 motto = fr: en: city = Île des Chênes province =… …   Wikipedia

  • La Maison Gabrielle Roy — or The House of Gabrielle Roy is museum in the home of writer Gabrielle Roy. The house is located in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The objective of the museum is to disseminate the works of Roy and to preserve a piece of heritage for Canadian… …   Wikipedia

  • Prix Gabrielle-Roy — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gabrielle Roy (homonymie). L Association des littératures canadiennes et québécoise (ALCQ) décerne annuellement en l’honneur de Gabrielle Roy deux prix qui couronnent des ouvrages de critique littéraire écrits en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix gabrielle-roy — L Association des littératures canadiennes et québécoise (ALCQ) décerne annuellement en l’honneur de Gabrielle Roy deux prix qui couronnent des ouvrages de critique littéraire écrits en français et en anglais. Les prix sont attribués par deux… …   Wikipédia en Français

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