- USS St. Louis (C-20)
The fourth USS "St. Louis", Cruiser No. 20 (C-20), was the
lead shipof her class of protected cruisers in the United States Navy. "St. Louis" was launched on 6 May 1905by Neafie & Levy Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; sponsored by Miss Gladys Bryant Smith; and commissioned on 18 August 1906, Captain Nathaniel R. Usherin command.
Assigned to the Pacific Fleet, "St. Louis" departed
Tompkinsville, New York, on 15 May 1907following completion of her trials along the Virginiacoast. "St. Louis" called at Port Castries, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, Punta Arenas, Valparaíso, Callao, and Acapulcobefore arriving at San Diegoon 31 August 1907. Operating off the west coast into the spring of 1908, she steamed from Puget Soundto Honoluluin June, then cruised in Central American waters from July to October. On 5 November 1909, "St. Louis" returned to Puget Sound and was placed in reserve on 14 November.
3 May 1910, "St. Louis" was recommissioned, in reserve, on 7 October 1911at the Puget Sound Navy Yard. She departed Puget Sound on 13 July 1911for San Franciscoand brief service as receiving ship there. After undergoing repairs, 22 July 1911to 28 February 1912, she joined the Pacific Reserve Fleetagain on 12 March. From 14 July 1912until 26 April 1913, she operated in support of the Oregon Naval Militia, then returned to the Puget Sound Navy Yard to be placed in the Pacific Reserve Fleet for a year. She departed Puget Sound on 24 April 1914and commenced her next assignment as receiving ship at San Francisco on the 27th. Returning north to Bremerton, "St. Louis" was again placed in the Pacific Reserve Fleet on 17 February 1916.
Detached from the Reserve Fleet on
10 July 1916, "St. Louis" departed Puget Sound on 21 Julyfor Honolulu. Arriving at Pearl Harboron 29 July, she commenced her next duty assignment as tender, Submarine Division Three, Pacific Fleet, with additional duty as station ship, Pearl Harbor. When it became evident that the crew of the interned German sloop"Geier" intended to scuttle their ship, an armed party from "St. Louis" boarded the ship on 4 February 1917and seized her. "Geier" subsequently served the United States as USS|Schurz|1894|2.
World War I
Placed in reduced commission on
6 April 1917, as the United Statesentered World War I, "St. Louis" departed Honolulu on 9 Aprilto join the cruiser force engaged in escorting convoys bound for Europe. Calling first at San Diego, she took on board 517 National Naval Volunteersand apprentice seamen to bring her war complement to 823 officers and men; and, on 20 April, she was placed in full commission. A month later, she arrived in the Panama Canal Zone; embarked the 7th, 17th, 20th, 43d, 51st, and 55th companies of Marines; transported them to Santiago de Cuba; then sailed for Philadelphia, arriving on 29 May 1917.
"St. Louis"s' first convoy duty began on
17 June 1917when she departed New Yorkin escort of Group 4, American Expeditionary Force. Returning to Bostonfor repairs on 19 July 1917, she had completed six additional voyages, escorting convoys bound from New York for ports in Britain and Franceby the end of the war.
Armistice, "St. Louis" was immediately pressed into service returning troops to the United States. She returned 8,437 troops to Hoboken, New Jersey, from Brest, France, in seven round-trip crossings between 17 December 1918and 17 July 1919when she arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yardfor repairs.
Designated CA-18 on
17 July 1920and assigned to postwar duty with the European Squadron, "St. Louis" departed Philadelphia on 10 September 1920for Sheerness, Cherbourg, and Constantinople. She disembarked military passengers at Sheerness on 26 September, then continued on to the Mediterraneanand reported to the Commander, United States Naval Forces in Turkish Waters at Constantinople on 19 October. Standing up the Bosphorusfrom Constantinople on 13 November, "St. Louis" embarked refugees at Sevastopoland Yalta, returning them to Constantinople on 16 November. The following day, her crew formed boat landing parties to distribute food among refugees quartered aboard naval transports anchored in the Bosphorus. "St. Louis" continued her humanitarian duties at Constantinople and at Anatolian ports during the time of unrest caused by the Russian Civil Warand the Turkish Revolution.
Asia Minorfor Napleson 19 September 1921and called at Gibraltar.
Decommissioning and fate
11 November"St. Louis" arrived at Philadelphia where, on completion of pre-inactivation overhaul, she was decommissioned on 3 March 1922. In reserve until struck from the Navy List on 20 March 1930, "St. Louis"' hulk was sold for scrapping on 13 Augustin accordance with the provisions of the London Treatyfor the limitation and reduction of naval armament.
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