- Evgeny Lifshitz
Evgeny Mikhailovich Lifshitz ( _ru. Евгений Михайлович Лифшиц;
February 21 1915– October 29 1985) was a leading Soviet physicistfrom a Jewishorigin and the brotherof Ilya Mikhailovich Lifshitz.
(Some commonly encountered alternative
transliterations of his names include Yevgeny or Evgenii and Lifshits or Lifschitz.)
Lifshitz is well known in
general relativityfor coauthoring the BKL conjecture concerning the nature of a "generic curvature singularity". As of 2006, this is widely regarded as one of the most important open problems in the subject of classical gravitation.
Lev Landau, Lifshitz co-authored an ambitious series of physicstextbooks, in which the two aimed to provide a graduate-level introduction to the entire field of physics. These books are still considered invaluable and continue to be widely used. Lifshitz was the second of only 43 people ever to pass Landau's "Theoretical Minimum" examination.
The wife of
Lev Landaustrongly criticized his scientific abilities, hinting at how much of the two of them was done by Lifshitz, and how much by Landau. (Of their textbooks, the joke is made, "Not one word of Landau, not one thought of Lifshitz.") Despite the sniping, he iswell known for many invaluable contributions, in particular to quantum electrodynamics, where he calculated the Casimir force in an arbitrary macroscopic configurations of metals and dielectrics.
*cite journal | author=Belinskii, V.; Khalatnikov, I.; and Lifschitz, E. | title=Oscillatory approach to a singular point in the relativistic cosmology| journal=Adv. in Phys. | year=1970 | volume=19 | pages=525–573 | doi=10.1080/00018737000101171 The paper introducing the BKL conjecture.
*cite book | author=Landau, L. D.; and Lifshits, E. M. | title=Mechanics (3rd ed.) | location=London | publisher=Pergamon | year=1976 | id=ISBN 0-08-021022-8 Vol. 1 of the "Course of Theoretical Physics".
*cite book | author=Landau, L. D.; and Lifshits, E. M. | title=Classical Theory of Fields (3rd ed.) | location=London | publisher=Pergamon | year=1971 | id=ISBN 0-08-016019-0 Vol. 2 of the Course of Theoretical Physics.
*cite book | author=Landau, L. D.; and Lifshits, E. M.; | title=Quantum Mechanics: Non-relativistic Theory (3rd ed.) | location=London | publisher=Pergamon | year=1977 | id=ISBN 0-08-020940-8 Vol. 3 of the Course of Theoretical Physics.
*cite book | author=Berestetskii, V. B.; Lifshits, E. M.; and Pitaevskii, L. P. | title= Quantum electrodynamics (2nd ed.) | location=London | publisher=Pergamon | year=1982 | id=0-080-26503-0 Vol. 4 of the Course of Theoretical Physics.
*cite book | author=Lifshits, E. M.; and Pitaevskii, L. P. | title=Physical kinetics | location=Oxford | publisher=Pergamon | year=1981 | id=ISBN 0-08-026480-8 Vol. 10 of the Course of Theoretical Physics.
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