List of birds of Lebanon

List of birds of Lebanon

This is a list of birds recorded in the Lebanon.

Ostriches
*Ostrich "Struthio camelus" (extinct)

Grebes
*Little Grebe "Tachybaptus ruficollis"
*Red-necked Grebe "Podiceps grisegena"
*Great Crested Grebe "Podiceps cristatus"
*Black-necked Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis"

Shearwaters
*Cory's Shearwater "Calonectris diomedea"
*Great Shearwater "Puffinus gravis"
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"
*Manx Shearwater "Puffinus puffinus"
*Balearic Shearwater "Puffinus mauretanicus"
*Levantine Shearwater "Puffinus yelkouan"

Pelicans
*Great White Pelican "Pelecanus onocrotalus"
*Dalmatian Pelican "Pelecanus crispus"
*Pink-backed Pelican "Pelecanus rufescens"

Gannets
*Northern Gannet "Morus bassanus"

Cormorants
*Great Cormorant "Phalacrocorax carbo"
*Pygmy Cormorant "Phalacrocorax pygmeus"

Herons, egrets and bitterns
*Grey Heron "Ardea cinerea"
*Purple Heron "Ardea purpurea"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Squacco Heron "Ardeola ralloides"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Black-crowned Night-heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Little Bittern "Ixobrychus minutus"
*Great Bittern "Botaurus stellaris"

Storks
*Black Stork "Ciconia nigra"
*White Stork "Ciconia ciconia"

Ibises and spoonbills
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
*Eurasian Spoonbill "Platalea leucorodia"
*Greater Flamingo "Phoenicopterus roseus"
*Caribbean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus ruber" (introduced ?)

Ducks and geese
*Mute Swan "Cygnus olor"
*Common Shelduck "Tadorna tadorna"
*Greylag Goose "Anser anser"
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope"
*Gadwall "Anas strepera"
*Eurasian Teal "Anas crecca"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Marbled Teal "Marmaronetta angustirostris"
*Common Pochard "Aythya ferina"
*Ferruginous Pochard "Aythya nyroca"
*Tufted Duck "Aythya fuligula"
*Velvet Scoter "Melanitta fusca"
*Common Goldeneye "Bucephala clangula"

Vultures, eagles, buzzards, kites
*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"
*European Honey-buzzard "Pernis apivorus"
*Black-shouldered Kite "Elanus caeruleus"
*Red Kite "Milvus milvus"
*Black Kite "Milvus migrans"
*White-tailed Eagle "Haliaeetus albicilla"
*Lammergeier "Gypaetus barbatus"
*Egyptian Vulture "Neophron percnopterus"
*Griffon Vulture "Gyps fulvus"
*Eurasian Black Vulture "Aegypius monachus"
*Short-toed Eagle "Circaetus gallicus"
*Western Marsh Harrier "Circus aeruginosus"
*Northern Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
*Pallid Harrier "Circus macrourus"
*Montagu's Harrier "Circus pygargus"
*Levant Sparrowhawk "Accipiter brevipes"
*Eurasian Sparrowhawk "Accipiter nisus"
*Northern Goshawk "Accipiter gentilis"
*Eurasian Buzzard "Buteo buteo"
*Long-legged Buzzard "Buteo rufinus"
*Rough-legged Buzzard "Buteo lagopus"
*Lesser Spotted Eagle "Aquila pomarina"
*Greater Spotted Eagle "Aquila clanga"
*Steppe Eagle "Aquila nipalensis"
*Tawny Eagle "Aquila rapax" ?
*Eastern Imperial Eagle "Aquila heliaca"
*Golden Eagle "Aquila chrysaetos"
*Verreaux's Eagle "Aquila verreauxii"
*Bonelli's Eagle "Aquila fasciatus"
*Booted Eagle "Aquila pennatus"

Falcons
*Lesser Kestrel "Falco naumanni"
*Common Kestrel "Falco tinnunculus"
*Red-footed Falcon "Falco vespertinus"
*Eleonora's Falcon "Falco eleonorae"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Eurasian Hobby "Falco subbuteo"
*Lanner Falcon "Falco biarmicus"
*Saker Falcon "Falco cherrug"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Quails
*Chukar "Alectoris chukar"
*Rock Partridge "Alectoris graeca" (introduced)
*Sand Partridge "Ammoperdix hevi"
*Black Francolin "Francolinus francolinus"
*Common Quail "Coturnix coturnix"
*Ring-necked Pheasant "Phasianus colchicus" (introduced)
*Indian Peafowl "Pavo cristatus" (introduced, domesticated)

Cranes
*Demoiselle Crane "Anthropoides virgo"
*Common Crane "Grus grus"

Rails
*Water Rail "Rallus aquaticus"
*Little Crake "Porzana parva"
*Spotted Crake "Porzana porzana"
*Purple Swamphen "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Eurasian Coot "Fulica atra"

Bustards
*Great Bustard "Otis tarda"
*Houbara Bustard "Chlamydotis undulata"
*Macqueen's Bustard "Chlamydotis macqueenii"
*Little Bustard "Tetrax tetrax"

Oystercatchers
*Eurasian Oystercatcher "Haematopus ostralegus"

Stilts
*Black-winged Stilt "Himantopus himantopus"
*Pied Avocet "Recurvirostra avosetta"

Stone curlews
*Eurasian Thick-knee "Burhinus oedicnemus"

Coursers & pratincoles
*Cream-colored Courser "Cursorius cursor"
*Collared Pratincole "Glareola pratincola"
*Black-winged Pratincole "Glareola nordmanni"

Plovers
*Northern Lapwing "Vanellus vanellus"
*Spur-winged Plover "Vanellus spinosus"
*Sociable Lapwing "Vanellus gregarius"
*Eurasian Golden Plover "Pluvialis apricaria"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Common Ringed Plover "Charadrius hiaticula"
*Little Ringed Plover "Charadrius dubius"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Greater Sandplover "Charadrius leschenaultii"
*Caspian Plover "Charadrius asiaticus"
*Eurasian Dotterel "Charadrius morinellus"

Sandpipers & relatives
*Eurasian Woodcock "Scolopax rusticola"
*Jack Snipe "Lymnocryptes minimus"
*Great Snipe "Gallinago media"
*Common Snipe "Gallinago gallinago"
*Black-tailed Godwit "Limosa limosa"
*Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Eurasian Curlew "Numenius arquata"
*Spotted Redshank "Tringa erythropus"
*Common Redshank "Tringa totanus"
*Marsh Sandpiper "Tringa stagnatilis"
*Common Greenshank "Tringa nebularia"
*Green Sandpiper "Tringa ochropus"
*Wood Sandpiper "Tringa glareola"
*Terek Sandpiper "Xenus cinereus"
*Common Sandpiper "Actitis hypoleucos"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta"
*Temminck's Stint "Calidris temminckii"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina"
*Broad-billed Sandpiper "Limicola falcinellus"
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax"

Skuas
*Pomarine Skua "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Arctic Skua "Stercorarius parasiticus"

Gulls
*Sooty Gull "Larus hemprichii"
*Common Gull "Larus canus"
*Audouin's Gull "Larus audouinii"
*Great Black-backed Gull "Larus marinus"
*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus"
*Heuglin's Gull "Larus heuglini"
*Caspian Gull "Larus cachinnans"
*Armenian Gull "Larus armenicus"
*Great Black-headed Gull "Larus ichthyaetus"
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus"
*Slender-billed Gull "Larus genei"
*Mediterranean Gull "Larus melanocephalus"
*Little Gull "Larus minutus"
*Black-legged Kittiwake "Rissa tridactyla"

Terns
*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia"
*Lesser Crested Tern "Sterna bengalensis"
*Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Little Tern "Sterna albifrons"
*Whiskered Tern "Chlidonias hybridus"
*White-winged Tern "Chlidonias leucopterus"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"

Sandgrouses
*Pin-tailed Sandgrouse "Pterocles alchata"
*Black-bellied Sandgrouse "Pterocles orientalis"

Doves
*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia"
*Stock Pigeon "Columba oenas"
*Wood Pigeon "Columba palumbus"
*Turtle Dove "Streptopelia turtur"
*Eurasian Collared Dove "Streptopelia decaocto"
*Laughing Dove "Streptopelia senegalensis"

Parrots
*Rose-ringed Parakeet "Psittacula krameri" (introduced)

Cuckoos
*Great Spotted Cuckoo "Clamator glandarius"
*Common Cuckoo "Cuculus canorus"

Barn owls
*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical owls
*Pallid Scops Owl "Otus brucei"
*European Scops Owl "Otus scops"
*Eurasian Eagle Owl "Bubo bubo"
*Brown Fish Owl "Ketupa zeylonensis"
*Tawny Owl "Strix aluco"
*Hume's Owl "Strix butleri"
*Little Owl "Athene noctua"
*Long-eared Owl "Asio otus"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"

Nightjars
*European Nightjar "Caprimulgus europaeus"

Swifts
*Alpine Swift "Tachymarptis melba"
*Common Swift "Apus apus"
*Pallid Swift "Apus pallidus"
*Little Swift "Apus affinis"

Kingfishers
*European Kingfisher "Alcedo atthis"
*White-throated Kingfisher "Halcyon smyrnensis"
*Pied Kingfisher "Ceryle rudis"

Bee-eaters
*Blue-cheeked Bee-eater "Merops persicus"
*European Bee-eater "Merops apiaster"

Rollers
*European Roller "Coracias garrulus"

Hoopoes
*Hoopoe "Upupa epops"

Wrynecks and woodpeckers
*Eurasian Wryneck "Jynx torquilla"
*Syrian Woodpecker "Dendrocopos syriacus"
*Green Woodpecker "Picus viridis"

Larks
*Desert Lark "Ammomanes deserti"
*Greater Hoopoe-lark "Alaemon alaudipes"
*Calandra Lark "Melanocorypha calandra"
*Bimaculated Lark "Melanocorypha bimaculata"
*Black Lark "Melanocorypha yeltoniensis"
*Greater Short-toed Lark "Calandrella brachydactyla"
*Lesser Short-toed Lark "Calandrella rufescens"
*Dunn's Lark "Eremalauda dunni"
*Crested Lark "Galerida cristata"
*Wood Lark "Lullula arborea"
*Sky Lark "Alauda arvensis"
*Horned Lark "Eremophila alpestris"
*Temminck's Lark "Eremophila bilopha" Swallows & martins
*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Eurasian Crag Martin "Ptyonoprogne rupestris"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"
*Red-rumped Swallow "Cecropis daurica"
*House Martin "Delichon urbica"

Pipits & wagtails
*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba"
*Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla flava"
*Grey Wagtail "Motacilla cinerea"
*Richard's Pipit "Anthus richardi"
*Tawny Pipit "Anthus campestris"
*Long-billed Pipit "Anthus similis"
*Tree Pipit "Anthus trivialis"
*Meadow Pipit "Anthus pratensis"
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus"
*Water Pipit "Anthus spinoletta"

Bulbuls
*White-spectacled Bulbul "Pycnonotus xanthopygos"

Dippers
*White-throated Dipper "Cinclus cinclus"

Wrens
*Winter Wren "Troglodytes troglodytes"

Accentors
*Siberian Accentor "Prunella montanella"
*Dunnock "Prunella modularis"

Chats, thrushes
*Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush "Monticola saxatilis"
*Blue Rock Thrush "Monticola solitarius"
*Ring Ouzel "Turdus torquatus"
*Blackbird "Turdus merula"
*Fieldfare "Turdus pilaris"
*Redwing "Turdus iliacus"
*Song Thrush "Turdus philomelos"
*Mistle Thrush "Turdus viscivorus"

Old World warblers
*Zitting Cisticola "Cisticola juncidis"
*Streaked Scrub Warbler "Scotocerca inquieta"
*Graceful Prinia "Prinia gracilis"
*Cetti's Warbler "Cettia cetti"
*Grasshopper Warbler "Locustella naevia"
*Eurasian River Warbler "Locustella fluviatilis"
*Savi's Warbler "Locustella luscinioides"
*Moustached Warbler "Acrocephalus melanopogon"
*Sedge Warbler "Acrocephalus schoenobaenus"
*Eurasian Reed Warbler "Acrocephalus scirpaceus"
*Marsh Warbler "Acrocephalus palustris"
*Great Reed Warbler "Acrocephalus arundinaceus"
*Clamorous Reed Warbler "Acrocephalus stentoreus"
*Eastern Olivaceous Warbler "Hippolais pallida"
*Upcher's Warbler "Hippolais languida"
*Olive-tree Warbler "Hippolais olivetorum"
*Icterine Warbler "Hippolais icterina"
*Willow Warbler "Phylloscopus trochilus"
*Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus collybita"
*Western Bonelli's Warbler "Phylloscopus bonelli"
*Eastern Bonelli's Warbler "Phylloscopus orientalis"
*Wood Warbler "Phylloscopus sibilatrix"
*Greenish Warbler "Phylloscopus trochiloides"
*Blackcap "Sylvia atricapilla"
*Garden Warbler "Sylvia borin"
*Greater Whitethroat "Sylvia communis"
*Lesser Whitethroat "Sylvia curruca"
*Barred Warbler "Sylvia nisoria"
*Eastern Orphean Warbler "Sylvia crassirostris"
*Rüppell's Warbler "Sylvia rueppelli"
*Subalpine Warbler "Sylvia cantillans"
*Sardinian Warbler "Sylvia melanocephala"
*Cyprus Warbler "Sylvia melanothorax"
*Menetries's Warbler "Sylvia mystacea"
*Spectacled Warbler "Sylvia conspicillata"
*Goldcrest "Regulus regulus"
*Firecrest "Regulus ignicapillus"

Old World flycatchers
*Spotted Flycatcher "Muscicapa striata"
*Pied Flycatcher "Ficedula hypoleuca"
*Collared Flycatcher "Ficedula albicollis"
*Semicollared Flycatcher "Ficedula semitorquata"
*Red-breasted Flycatcher "Ficedula parva"
*Blue-and-white Flycatcher "Cyanoptila cyanomelana" (introduced ?)
*European Robin "Erithacus rubecula"
*Thrush Nightingale "Luscinia luscinia"
*Nightingale "Luscinia megarhynchos"
*Bluethroat "Luscinia svecica"
*Red-flanked Bluetail "Tarsiger cyanurus"
*White-throated Robin "Irania gutturalis"
*Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin "Cercotrichas galactotes"
*Black Redstart "Phoenicurus ochruros"
*Common Redstart "Phoenicurus phoenicurus"
*Whinchat "Saxicola rubetra"
*European Stonechat "Saxicola rubicola"
*Northern Wheatear "Oenanthe oenanthe"
*Mourning Wheatear "Oenanthe lugens"
*Finsch's Wheatear "Oenanthe finschii"
*Pied Wheatear "Oenanthe pleschanka"
*Cyprus Wheatear "Oenanthe cypriaca"
*Black-eared Wheatear "Oenanthe hispanica"
*Desert Wheatear "Oenanthe deserti"
*Isabelline Wheatear "Oenanthe isabellina"

Babblers
*Bearded Reedling "Panurus biarmicus"

Tits
*Sombre Tit "Poecile lugubris"
*Coal Tit "Periparus ater"
*Great Tit "Parus major"
*Blue Tit "Cyanistes caeruleus"

Nuthatches
*Eurasian Nuthatch "Sitta europaea"
*Rock Nuthatch "Sitta neumayer"

Wallcreepers
*Wallcreeper "Tichodroma muraria"

Penduline tits
*Penduline Tit "Remiz pendulinus"

Sunbirds
*Palestine Sunbird "Cinnyris oseus"

Orioles
*Golden Oriole "Oriolus oriolus"

Shrikes
*Red-backed Shrike "Lanius collurio"
*Southern Grey Shrike "Lanius meridionalis"
*Lesser Grey Shrike "Lanius minor"
*Masked Shrike "Lanius nubicus"
*Woodchat Shrike "Lanius senator"

Jays and crows
*Eurasian Jay "Garrulus glandarius"
*Eurasian Magpie "Pica pica"
*Red-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax"
*Yellow-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax graculus"
*Eurasian Jackdaw "Corvus monedula"
*Rook "Corvus frugilegus"
*Carrion Crow "Corvus corone"
*Common Raven "Corvus corax"
*Hooded Crow "Corvus cornix"

Starlings
*Rosy Starling "Pastor roseus"
*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris"
*Common Myna "Acridotheres tristis"

Avadavats
*Red Avadavat "Amandava amandava" (introduced)

Old World buntings
*Yellowhammer "Emberiza citrinella"
*Pine Bunting "Emberiza leucocephalos"
*Rock Bunting "Emberiza cia"
*Cinereous Bunting "Emberiza cineracea"
*Ortolan Bunting "Emberiza hortulana"
*Cretzschmar's Bunting "Emberiza caesia"
*Little Bunting "Emberiza pusilla"
*Black-headed Bunting "Emberiza melanocephala"
*Reed Bunting "Emberiza schoeniclus"
*Corn Bunting "Emberiza calandra"

Finches
*Chaffinch "Fringilla coelebs"
*Brambling "Fringilla montifringilla"
*Red Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*European Greenfinch "Carduelis chloris"
*Eurasian Siskin "Carduelis spinus"
*Goldfinch "Carduelis carduelis"
*Eurasian Linnet "Carduelis cannabina"
*Fire-fronted Serin "Serinus pusillus"
*European Serin "Serinus serinus"
*Syrian Serin "Serinus syriacus"
*Hawfinch "Coccothraustes coccothraustes"
*Crimson-winged Finch "Rhodopechys sanguinea"
*Trumpeter Finch "Bucanetes githaginea"
*Desert Finch "Rhodospiza obsoleta"

Sparrows
*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus"
*Spanish Sparrow "Passer hispaniolensis"
*Eurasian Tree Sparrow "Passer montanus"
*Rock Petronia "Petronia petronia"
*Pale Rockfinch "Carpospiza brachydactyla"

References

*http://en.arocha.org/lbaammiq/index5.html
*http://www.shoufcedar.org/Bird.asp
*http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?region=lb&pg=checklist&list=clements
*http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B%5D=all&country%5B%5D=LB&aquatic%5B%5D=all&regions%5B%5D=all&habitats%5B%5D=all&threats%5B%5D=all&Submit.x=62&Submit.y=6
*http://www.osme.org/sand192/lebanon.html


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