A caveman is a popular
stock characterbased upon stereotyped concepts of the way in which early prehistoric humans or homininans may have looked and behaved. The term is sometimes used colloquially to refer to the Neanderthalsor Cro-Magnon(i.e., " Homo sapiens" of the Paleolithicera). The term has been discouraged in serious use,Fact|date=September 2008 due to its inaccuracy and dependence on certain misconceptions about early humans.
In the past, many people shared the viewFact|date=September 2008 of the 17th century
philosopher Thomas Hobbesthat the life of the human being without civilization was "...solitary, poore ("sic"), nasty, brutish and short". The modern scientific perception of prehistoric lifestyle is now that of the hunter-gatherer.
Caveman is traditionally portrayed as being clothed in animal skins, armed with bone or wood clubs, unintelligent, and
aggressive. Furthermore, cavemen are often shown as living in caves; but this stemmed from the ritual paintings found in caves, where they are likely to be better-preserved than in more exposed locations. It is more probable that the caves were religious gathering places or temporary shelter, and not the actual dwellings of the supposed 'cavemen'. Thus, expressions such as " Balrog" or "living in a hole" have become cultural metaphors for a modern human who supposedly displays traits of brutishness or extreme ignorance. See also troglodyte.
Depictions of the Paleolithic in the media
In fiction, especially as pure entertainment or satire, cavemen are sometimes depicted as living contemporaneously with
dinosaurs, a situation contradicted by archaeological and paleontological evidence which shows that non-avian dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago, at which time true primateshad not yet appeared.
In popular culture, the
comic strips"B.C.", " Alley Oop" and occasionally " The Far Side", and Gogs, portray "cavemen" in that way. The animated television series" The Flintstones", a spoof on family sitcoms, portrays the Flintstones, not in caves, but in 1950s-1960s ranch-style homes that suggested caves and had stone fittings.
Stereotypical cavemen are also often featured in advertising, including advertisements for
Minute Maid. More recently, GEICOlaunched a series of humorous television commercials and attempts at viral marketing, collectively known as the GEICO Cavemenadvertising campaign, where GEICO announcers are repeatedly denounced by modern cavemen for perpetuating a stereotype of unintelligent, backward cavemen. The GEICOadvertisements spawned a TV series called Cavemen (TV series)which is currently on indefinite hiatus.
Walking with Cavemen"
Walking with Beasts"
Stig of the Dump"
The Resurrection of Jimber-Jaw"
Unfrozen Caveman Lawyer, a " Saturday Night Live" sketch
*Yahoo in "
J. P. Manoux, plays Curtis the Cavemanon the Disneyshow " Phil of the Future"
*"Bob" from "
Prometheus and Bob" on KaBlam!on Nickelodeon
Cave Guy, a villain on " Freakazoid"
*Scratch ("Your Favorite Golfin' Caveman") from
*The Slag Brothers (Rock and Gravel) in "
*"Three Ages", 1923
Buster Keaton silent film
Flying Elephants", 1928 Laurel and Hardysilent film
One Million B.C.", 1940
*"Mysterious Island (half a dozen films)
Caveman Inki, 1950 ( Warner Brothers Chuck Jones cartoon)
Teenage Caveman, 1958 Roger Cormanfilm and 2002 TV series
One Million Years B.C.", 1966
*"It's About Time" (TV series 1966-67)
Planet of Dinosaurs", 1971
*"The Land That Time Forgot", 1975
*"The People That Time Forgot", 1977
*"Quest for Fire", 1981
Luggage of the Gods!", 1983
*"The Clan of the Cave Bear", 1986
Encino Man", 1992
*"The Flintstones", 1994
Bikini Cavegirl", 2004
*"10,000 BC", 2008
*The Inheritors, 1955
Dance of the Tiger, 1980
The Clan of the Cave Bear, 1980
The Valley of Horses, 1982
The Mammoth Hunters, 1985
The Plains of Passage, 1990
The Shelters of Stone, 2002
'Defending the Caveman", Broadway 1995–1997, worldwide tour 1997--2008
* [http://cavemanforum.com/ Online community of people who strive to emulate the diet and fitness of cavemen]
* [http://cavemanpower.com/ Online community of people who study and practice the wisdoms of primal man]
* [http://arrowheadworld.com/ Website for prehistoric / stone-age tools and artifacts]
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