- Nikola Kljusev
1st Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia In office
January 27, 1991 – August 17, 1992
President Kiro Gligorov Preceded by None Personal details Born October 2, 1927
Died January 16, 2008 (aged 80)
Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Political party Non-partisan (while in office)
Religion Macedonian Orthodoxy
Nikola Kljusev (Macedonian: Никола Кљусев) (October 2, 1927 – January 16, 2008) was a Macedonian academician and politician. Kljusev served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia from January 27, 1991 until August 17, 1992, following the country's independence from the former Yugoslavia in 1991.
Nikola Kljusev was born in Štip, Republic of Macedonia, on October 2, 1927. He graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Economics in 1953, before obtaining his doctorate in economics at the same university in 1964. Kljusev's doctoral thesis was "Criteria and Methods for Assessment of Economic Effectiveness of Investments".
Kljusev began his career in economic academia as an assistant at the Institute for Industrial Scientific Research. He later served as a researcher and director of the Economics Institute in Skopje. Kljusev also served as a professor and dean of the Skopje Faculty of Economics. Kljusev was elected to the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences (MANU) in 1988 and remained at the organization until his death in 2008.
Nikola Kljusev served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia for 19 months in 1991 and 1992 following the country's separation from Yugoslavia. Kljusev is credited with ushering Macedonia through a largely peaceful transition to full inpendendence. Macedonia's independence was in sharp contrast to the violent wars that engulfed other nations of the former Yugoslavia, such as Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, during the 1990s.
Under Kljusev's leadership (and background in economics), the denar was introduced as Macedonia's new national currency. He also headed the difficult negotiations to withdraw the Yugoslav military of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from Macedonia as Prime Minister.
Kljusev was an non-partisan prime minister, and, thus, was not a member of any political party while in office. (non-partisan). He later joined VMRO-DPMNE, a major Macedonian political party, after leaving office. He was elected elected President of the Council of the VMRO-DPMNE in 1997.
Nikola Kljusev returned to public office later as the Defence Minister of the Republic of Macedonia, from 1998 until 2000.
Kljusev was buried in the Alley of the Greats at Butel cemetery in Skopje, Macedonia following a funeral officiated by the head of the Macedonian Orthodox Church, Archbishop Stephen of Ohrid.  The government of Macedonia declared January 18, 2008, as a national day of mourning.
- ^ a b c "Macedonia bids farewell to its first prime minister Kljusev". Makfaxonline.com. 2008-01-18. Archived from the original on 2008-01-21. http://web.archive.org/web/20080121222040/http://www.makfax.com.mk/look/novina/article.tpl?IdLanguage=1&IdPublication=2&NrArticle=98037&NrIssue=560&NrSection=10. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "From the Associated Press: Nikola Kljusev obituary". Associated Press (Legacy.com). 2008-01-18. http://www.legacy.com/Obituaries.asp?Page=APStory&Id=13918. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
- ^ a b c d "First Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Kljusev passed away Kljusev". Macedonian Radio Television. 2008-01-17. http://www.mrt.com.mk/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4635&Itemid=27. Retrieved 2008-01-18.
Prime Ministers of Macedonia Prime Minister of SR Macedonia (1945-1953) Presidents of the Executive Council
of SR Macedonia (1953-1991)Lazar Koliševski · Ljupčo Arsov · Aleksandar Grličkov · Nikola Minčev · Ksente Bogoev · Blagoja Popov · Dragoljub Stavrev · Gligorije Gogovski
Prime Ministers of Macedonia (since 1991) * acting
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