Reference = ["Merck Index", 11th Edition, 9572.]
ImageFile = Triclopyr.png
ImageSize = 200px
IUPACName = [(3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy] acetic acid
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 55335-06-3
SMILES = ClC1=C(OCC(O)=O)N=C(Cl)C(Cl)=C1
InChI = 1/C7H4Cl3NO3/c8-3-1-4(9)7(11-6(3)10)14-2-5(12)13/h1H,2H2,(H,12,13)
Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = C7H4Cl3NO3
MolarMass = 256.46
Appearance = Fluffy solid
MeltingPt = 148-150 °C
Solubility = 440 mg/L
SolubleOther = 989 g/kg
pKa = 2.68
Section7 = Chembox Hazards
Triclopyr is a systemic, foliar
herbicidein the pyridinegroup. It is used to control broadleaf weeds while leaving grasses and conifers unaffected.
Triclopyr is unusually effective on woody plants and is used for brush control in rights of way and defoliation of wooded areas. It is sold under the trade names "Garlon" and "Release" for these purposes.
Also handy for broadleaf weeds, particularly
Creeping Charlie( Glechoma hederacea), upon which it is uncommonly effective. It is sold under the trade names Turflon, Weed-B-Gone (purple label), and Brush-B-Gone ("Poison Ivy Killer") for these purposes. Also the second major ingredient in Confront, which also contains clopyralid, and was withdrawn from most uses due to concerns about compost contamination from the clopyralid.
Triclopyr is formulated both as an
esterand as an aminesalt. The usual tradeoffs regarding effectiveness, drift, and toxicity to humans apply to these two formulations.
Triclopyr breaks down in soil with a half-life of between 30 and 90 days. One of the byproducts of breakdown (trichloro-pyridinol) remains in the soil for up to a year. Triclopyr degrades rapidly in water. It remains active in decaying vegetation for about 3 months.
The compound is slightly toxic to ducks (LD50 = 1698 ppm) and quail (LD50 = 3000 ppm). [ [http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/triclopy.htm EXTOXNET (Extension Toxicology Network), Oregon State University] ] It has been found non-toxic to bees and very slightly toxic to fish (Rainbow trout LC50 (96 hrs.) = 117 ppm). [ [http://www.cdpr.ca.gov/docs/emon/pubs/fatememo/triclopyr.pdf ENVIRONMENTAL FATE OF TRICLOPYR] , Carissa Ganapathy,Environmental Monitoring & Pest Management Branch Department of Pesticide Regulation Sacramento, CA]
* [http://npic.orst.edu/factsheets/triclotech.pdf Triclopyr Technical Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center]
* [http://npic.orst.edu/factsheets/triclogen.pdf Triclopyr General Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center]
* [http://extoxnet.orst.edu/pips/triclopy.htm Triclopyr Pesticide Information Profile - Extension Toxicology Network]
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