Provisional government

Provisional government

A provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up when a political void has been created by the collapse of a previous administration or regime. A provisional government holds power until elections can be held or a permanent government can otherwise be established. Provisional governments often occur as the result of a revolution or in wartime when an occupied nation or territory has been liberated or, conversely, when a government has been deposed by an invading army. Examples of provisional governments include, in chronological order:

* The Continental Congress served as the provisional government of the United States from September 1774, until the ratification of the Articles of Confederation effective March 1 1781.
*Provisional Congress and President of the Confederate States of America, 1861.
* Métis Provisional Government (1870), established between British and Canadian control of the Northwest Territories
* Provisional Government of Hawaii (1893), established when a committee of American businessmen overthrew the Kingdom of Hawaii and its queen, Liliuokalani.
* Administration for Western Armenia (1915), established in Van Province.
* Provisional Government of India (1915), established in Kabul.
* Provisional Government of the Irish Republic (1916), a title adopted by the leadership of the short-lived Easter Rising.
* Russian Provisional Government (1917), established as a result of the February Revolution which overthrew the emperor Nicholas II.
* Ukrainian Provisional Government (1918).
* South West Caucasian Republic (1919), established in Kars.
* Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1919), established in exile based in Shanghai, China and later in Chongqing, during the Japanese occupation of Korea.
* Provisional Government of Southern Ireland (1922), established by agreement between the British government and Irish revolutionaries, in order to pave the way for the establishment of the Irish Free State in the same year.
* Provisional Government of Lithuania (1941), established when Lithuanians overthrew the Soviet occupation during the Lithuanian 1941 independence. It functioned briefly until Nazi Germany annexed the country.
*Provisional Government of Free India (1943-1945), established by Indian nationalists in Axis controlled Indian territory in southeast Asia. It had diplomatic relationships with nine countries.
* Flensburg Government (1945), established following the suicides of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels during the closing days of the Third Reich.
*Provisional government of Israel (1948-49), established after Israel's declaration of independence and in place until after the first Knesset elections.
* Provisional Government of the Syrian Arab Republic (1949), established by national consensus to draft a new constitution and reintroduce civilian rule after a series of military governments.
* Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam (1969-1976), established as an alternative Communist (Marxist-Leninist) government. It ruled South Vietnam between the fall of Saigon to North Vietnamese troops in 1975 and the creation of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976.
* National Council of Government (1986-1988), interim ruling body of Haiti, after the departure of Jean-Claude Duvalier
* National Salvation Front (1989), after the overthrow of Nicolae Ceauşescu's regime in the Romanian Revolution of 1989.
* Eritrea has had a transitional government.(1993)
* Coalition Provisional Authority, the Iraqi Interim Governing Council, the Iraqi Interim Government and the Iraqi Transitional Government were all provisional authorities established following the 2003 invasion of Iraq to govern pending the adoption of a permanent constitution.

Provisional governments were also established throughout Europe as occupied nations were liberated from Nazi occupation by the Allies. The Provisional Government of the French Republic was established by the Free French Forces under Charles de Gaulle after the liberation of France from Nazi Germany. The government led France from 1944 until the establishment of the Fourth Republic in 1947.

ee also

* Government in exile

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • provisional government — n. A temporary government created to keep order until a permanent government can be installed. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 …   Law dictionary

  • provisional government — laikinoji vyriausybė statusas T sritis Politika apibrėžtis Vyriausybė, kuriai suteikiami laikini įgaliojimai valdyti ir kuri atsako už vykdomosios valdžios (viešojo administravimo) institucijų veikimą, kol bus sudaryta nauja vyriausybė.… …   Politikos mokslų enciklopedinis žodynas

  • provisional government — interim government that serves as a temporary executive authority until the establishment of the first or next government …   English contemporary dictionary

  • provisional government — A government temporarily established, in anticipation of, and to exist and continue until, another shall be instituted and organized in its stead. Chambers v Fisk, 22 Tex 504, 535 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Provisional Government of Oregon — ← …   Wikipedia

  • Provisional Government of the Republic of China — 中華民國臨時政府 Zhōnghuá Mínguó Línshí Zhèngfǔ Puppet state of Imperial Japan ← …   Wikipedia

  • Provisional Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh — Government in exile ← …   Wikipedia

  • Provisional Government of Lithuania — ( lt. Laikinoji Vyriausybė) was a temporary government aiming for independent Lithuania during the last days of the Soviet occupation and the first weeks of German occupation in 1941. It was secretly formed on 22 April, 1941, announced on 23 June …   Wikipedia

  • Provisional Government of Southern Ireland — The provisional Government of Southern Ireland [ [ irish/dfaexhib2.html Name of administration as per Treaty] ] was the provisional government for the administration of Southern Ireland between 16… …   Wikipedia

  • Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland — The Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rząd Tymczasowy Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej or RTRP) was created by Krajowa Rada Narodowa on the night of 31 December 1944. [ [Norman Davies|Davies, Norman, 1982 and several reprints.… …   Wikipedia

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