Corrientes — City — Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Argentina Province Corrientes Department Capital Government - Mayor Arturo
Colombi (Frente de Todos)
Area - Total 500 km2 (193.1 sq mi) Population - Total 328,689 - Density 657.4/km2 (1,702.6/sq mi) Demonym correntino/a Time zone ART (UTC−3) CPA base W3400 Dialing code +54 3783
Corrientes (Guaraní: Taragui; literally: "Currents") is the capital city of the province of Corrientes, Argentina, located on the eastern shore of the Paraná River, about 1,000 km (621 mi) from Buenos Aires and 300 km (186 mi) from Posadas, on National Route 12. It has a population of 328,689 according to the 2001 Census.
Corrientes, as the provincial capital, is the most important city in the province, its economical centre, and holds the authorities and governmental institutions.
It has a mix of colonial and modern architecture, several churches and a number of lapacho, ceibo, jacaranda, and orange trees. Its also home to one of the biggest carnival celebrations in the country.
The annual average temperature is 20 °C (68 °F), with maximum and minimum averages of 45 °C (113 °F) and 5 °C (41 °F) respectively. The annual rainfall is around 1,200 millimetres (47 in).
The General Belgrano Bridge crosses the Paraná River that serves as the natural border with the neighbouring Chaco Province. On the other side of the bridge is Resistencia, capital of Chaco. To the west and up the Paraná, between Paraguay and Argentina, lies the Yaciretá dam, one of the largest hydroelectric power generators in the world.
The Doctor Fernando Piragine Niveyro International Airport (IATA: CNQ, ICAO: SARC) at coordinates , 5 km (3 mi) away from the city, serves the city.
Sebastián Gaboto established in 1527 the Sancti Spiritu fort upstream of the Paraná River, and in 1536 Pedro de Mendoza reached further north into the basin of the river, searching for the Sierras of Silver.
Juan Torres de Vera y Aragón founded on April 3, 1588 San Juan de Vera de las Siete Corrientes ("Saint John of Vera of the Seven Currents"), which was later shortened to Corrientes. The "seven currents" refer to the seven peninsulas on the shore of the river at this place, that produced wild currents that made difficult the navigation of the river through this part.
Nevertheless, its position between Asunción in present Paraguay, and Buenos Aires made it an important middle point, specially because of its 55-metre-high lands that prevent flooding when the water level rises.
In 1615 Jesuits settled near the Uruguay River. In 1807 the city resisted the British invasions. During the Argentine War of Independence it was in permanent conflict with the centralist government of Buenos Aires, but the War of the Triple Alliance united them after the city was attacked by Paraguayan forces in 1865.
The Graham Greene spy novel "The Honorary Consul" (1973) takes place in Corrientes.
- Municipality of Corrientes – Official website (Spanish).
- Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
Provincial capitals of Argentina
La Plata, Buenos Aires · San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca, Catamarca · Resistencia, Chaco · Rawson, Chubut · Córdoba, Córdoba · Corrientes, Corrientes · Paraná, Entre Ríos · Formosa, Formosa · San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy · Santa Rosa, La Pampa · La Rioja, La Rioja · Mendoza, Mendoza · Posadas, Misiones · Neuquén, Neuquén · Viedma, Río Negro · Salta, Salta · San Juan, San Juan · San Luis, San Luis · Río Gallegos, Santa Cruz · Santa Fe, Santa Fe · Santiago del Estero, Santiago del Estero · Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego · San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán
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