- Treaty of Hellgate
The Treaty of Hellgate was signed in
Hellgateon July 16, 1855between Indian commissioner Isaac Stevensand the Native American tribes located in western Montana. The treaty was ratified by Congress, signed by President James Buchanan, and proclaimed on April 18, 1859. [cite book |last= Prucha |first= Francis Paul |title= American Indian Treaties: The History of a Political Anomaly |year= 1994 |publisher= University of California Press |isbn= 0-520-20895-1]
The tribes involved in the signing of the treaty entailed the Bitteroot Salish, Pend d'Oreille, and the Kootenai. Based on the terms of the accord, the Native Americans were to relinquish their territories to the
United Statesgovernment in exchange for payment installments that totaled 120,000 dollars. The territories in question entailed everything from the main ridge of the Rocky Mountainsat the 49th parallelto the Kootenay Riverand Clark Fork to the divide between the St. Regis Borgia Riverand the Coeur d'Alene River. From there, the ceded territories also extend to the southwestern fork of the Bitter Root Riverand up to Salmon River and Snake River. The treaty was ratified on March 8, 1859.
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation
* [http://www.cskt.org/documents/gov/helgatetreaty.pdf Treaty of Hellgate]
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