Chilean Central Valley

Chilean Central Valley
The traditional Central Valley Marked with Red, the geological continental Central Valley includes the area with Pink, and the full geological Central Valley is marked with the three colors.

The Central Valley (Spanish: Valle Central), Intermediate Depression or Longitudinal Valley is the depression between the Chilean Costal Range and the Andes Mountains. The central valley should not be confused with Central Chile that encompasses part of the valley. At its broadest definition, the geological one, the Central Valley has a discontinuous extension from Pampa del Tamarugal at 20° S to Ofqui Isthmus at 46° S. The viticultural Central Valley extends from Santiago southwards to the Bío-Bío Region.

Sometimes Puerto Montt is considered the southern end of the Central Valley because south of there the valley is below sea level and emerges sporadically as islands down to the Ofqui Isthmus.

Geography and climate

The middle part of the Central valley (34° - 38 ° S) is a fertile region and the agricultural heartland of Chile. At these latitudes the Central Valley has a Mediterranean climate, with temperatures dropping and precipitation increasing in a regular pattern from north to south. Winters are mild and summers are usually moderately hot and dry.

Between the western foothills of the Andes and the eastern foothills of the Cordillera de la Costa lies a concave area known as the Depresión Intermedia or Valle Longitudinal (intermediate depression or longitudinal valley). This valley, which has been filled with the byproducts of volcanic activity and erosion of the surrounding mountains, was sculpted into its present smooth state by glaciers, both eolian and hydrous. It runs almost the entire length of Chile, from Arica to Puerto Montt, where it plunges into the sea at Reloncaví Sound.

The Depression is only interrupted in a small stretch between the south of the Atacama Region and northern Valparaíso, where the aforementioned foothills close in from both sides and become separated only by a few narrow river gorges called transverse valleys (valles transversales).

The annual mean temperatures in Santiago is 57°F (14°C) The temperate action of the ocean prevents temperatures from dropping drastically, and if snow falls in the area, it does not usually stay on the ground for more than a few hours.

In Santiago the annual rainfall is 13 inches and in Valparaíso, outside the valley in the coast at the same latitude, it amounts to 15 inches. Along the Central Valley rainfall increases gradually southward until it reaches 52 inches in Concepción.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Central Valley — There are several valleys referred to as Central Valley:*Central Valley (California) *Chilean Central Valley *Costa Rican Central ValleyTowns* Central Valley, New York …   Wikipedia

  • Central Valley — the chief wine producing region of California, centered in San Joaquin County. * * * I Valley, California, U.S. Located between the Sierra Nevada and the Coast Ranges, it is more than 400 mi (640 km) long and 20–50 mi (32–80 km) wide. The… …   Universalium

  • Chilean Matorral — Ephedra chilensis Ecology Biome Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub …   Wikipedia

  • Chilean Coast Range — Chilean Coastal Range Range View from Cerro Oncol Count …   Wikipedia

  • Zona Central, Chile — Zona central ( Central Zone , Central Chile ) is one of the five natural regions on which CORFO divided continental Chile in 1950. It is home to a majority of the Chilean population, includes the three largest metropolitan areas Santiago,… …   Wikipedia

  • Chilean American — Chilean American(s) …   Wikipedia

  • Chilean wine — Chile Chilean wine is wine made in the South American country of Chile. The region has a long viticultural history for a New World wine region dating to the 16th century when the Spanish conquistadors brought Vitis vinifera vines with them as… …   Wikipedia

  • French Chilean — Infobox Ethnic group group = flagicon|France French Chilean flagicon|Chile Francochileno caption = Notable French Chileans: Augusto Pinochet, Michelle Bachelet poptime = Large minority popplace = Chile langs = Chilean Spanish, French rels = Roman …   Wikipedia

  • Italian-Chilean — Infobox Ethnic group group = flagicon|Italy Italian Chilean flagicon|Chile Italochileno caption = |poptime = 150,000 popplace = Chile langs = Chilean Spanish, Italian rels = Roman Catholicism related = ItaliansItalian Chileans ( Italochileno )… …   Wikipedia

  • Afro-Chilean — Infobox Ethnic group group = Afro Chilean Afro Chilenos caption = |poptime = Official population numbers are unknown popplace = Arica langs = Spanish rels = Roman Catholicism related = Afro Latin American, African peopleAfro Chileans are citizens …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”