- Armillaria mellea
Armillaria mellea Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Basidiomycota Class: Basidiomycetes Subclass: Agaricomycetidae Order: Agaricales Family: Physalacriaceae Genus: Armillaria Species: A. mellea Binomial name Armillaria mellea
(Vahl) P. Kumm. (1871)
Agaricus melleus Vahl (1790)
Agaricus sulphureus Weinm.
Armillaria mellea var. glabra Gillet (1874)
Armillaria mellea var. maxima Barla (1887)
Armillaria mellea var. minor Barla (1887)
Armillaria mellea var. sulphurea (Weinm.) Fr. (1879)
Armillariella mellea (Vahl) P. Karst. (1881)
Clitocybe mellea (Vahl) Ricken (1915)
Lepiota mellea (Vahl) J.E. Lange (1915)
Armillaria mellea Mycological characteristics gills on hymenium
cap is convexor flat
hymenium is adnateor subdecurrent
stipe has a ring spore print is white ecology is parasitic
edibility: choicebut not recommended
Armillaria mellea is a plant pathogen and a species of Honey fungus. It causes Armillaria root rot in many plant species. The mushrooms are edible but some people may be intolerant to them. The fungus produces mushrooms around the base of trees it has infected. As the fungus causes root rot, symptoms also appear in the crowns of infected trees as death and dieback of the branches. This species is capable of producing light via bioluminiscence.
Armillaria mellea grows throughout North America and other parts of the world. The fruiting body or mushroom known as stump mushroom, stumpie, honey mushroom, pipinky or pinky grows typically on hardwoods but may be found around and on other living and dead wood or in open areas.
- ^ Mushroom Expert - Armillaria mellea
- ^ Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 78 U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service - Armillaria Root Disease
- ^ FOXFIRE: Bioluminescence in the Forest
- ^ National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms;Lincoff,Gary;Dec.1981:pp. 736–737.
- ^ Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic;Russell,Bill;2006.pp. 156–158.
- Armillaria mellea in Index Fungorum.
- Armillaria mellea at AmericanMushrooms.com
- Index Fungorum
- USDA ARS Fungal Database
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