Crostau

Crostau
Crostau
Ortsteil of Schirgiswalde-Kirschau
Crostau-view Isabella.jpg
Coat of arms of Crostau
Crostau is located in Germany
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Crostau
Coordinates 51°5′N 14°27′E / 51.08333°N 14.45°E / 51.08333; 14.45Coordinates: 51°5′N 14°27′E / 51.08333°N 14.45°E / 51.08333; 14.45
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Dresden
District Bautzen
Town Schirgiswalde-Kirschau
Basic statistics
Area 9.32 km2 (3.60 sq mi)
Elevation 363 m  (1191 ft)
Population 1,603  (31 December 2009)
 - Density 172 /km2 (445 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate BZ
Postal code 02681
Area code 03592
Website www.crostau.de

Crostau (Sorbian Chróstawa) is a village and a former municipality in the upper Lusatia in the district of Bautzen in eastern Saxony in Germany. Since 1 January 2011, it is part of the town Schirgiswalde-Kirschau. It has about 1,710 inhabitants (as of January 2006) on a surface of about 9.32 km², giving it a population density of about 183 inhabitants per km².[citation needed]

Contents

Geography

Crostau is situated in are the hills of upper Lusatia. It is surrounded by several important hills of this mountain region, such as the Kälbersteine (487 m), the Potsberg (448 m), the Wolfsberg (347 m), the Horken (307 m), and the Callenberger Berg (360 m).

Crostau is divided into two parts: lower Crostau with the castle Kroste, and upper Crostau with an old mansion and the church.

History

Crostau is placed upon an old settlement area, even though the traces of settlement aren't as old as those in the plane of Bautzen. In lower Crostau, the first Slavic settlement dates back to the year 800 AD. With the big German settlement in the 10th up to the 12th century an older place was transformed into the small castel "Kroste". First it was used to save trade routes, later it became a place of robbers. In 1352, the castle had been destroyed by the "Six-cities-alliance" of upper Lusatia, which was the first time Crostau was mentioned in a written work. Crostau has been, for centuries, a seat of several nobel families like the "von Rechenberg" and the "von Watzdorf". In 1934 the former independent communities of Callenberg (sorabian: Chemmberk), Carlsberg and Wurbis formed the community of Crostau - in 1972 also Halbendorf (sorabian: Wbohow) became part of it.

Religion

Crostau church

In 1869, the church with a famous organ built by the Saxon organ builder Gottfried Silbermann in 1732 was built up on an older site. Crostau traditionally is a Lutheran village. Today the churches of Crostau, Kirschau, and Schirgiswalde work closely together.

Politics

Since German reunification, the CDU (conservative party) is the leading political force in the community.

Economics

Crostau is far from the important highways of the region and has no industry, but it is linked to tourist parths and has beautiful surroundings. Most of the inhabitants work in other villages or towns of the region.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crostau — Stadt Schirgiswalde Kirschau Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crostau — Crostau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crostau — Crostau, Marktflecken im Gerichtsamte Schirgiswalde des königlich sächsischen Kreises Bautzen[549] (Oberlausitz), mit Schloß; 540 Ew.; Weberei u. wichtige Obstzucht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Crostau — Original name in latin Crostau Name in other language State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 51.08333 latitude 14.45 altitude 325 Population 1786 Date 2011 04 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kirche zu Crostau — Kirche und Pfarrhaus in Crostau Die Kirche zu Crostau ist eine evangelisch lutherische Kirche in der Gemeinde Crostau im Landkreis Bautzen. Sie ist besonders für ihre von Gottfried Silbermann gebaute Orgel[1] bekannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Budestecy — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chroscicy — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chrósćicy — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halbendorf im Gebirge — Halbendorf/Gebirge Stadt Schirgiswalde Kirschau Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Silbermannorgel — Als Silbermann Orgeln werden die von den Brüdern Gottfried und Andreas Silbermann (und auch dessen Sohn Johann Andreas) erbauten Orgeln bezeichnet. Die Brüder gelten heute als die bedeutendsten deutschen Orgelbaumeister des 18. Jahrhunderts. Von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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